Yuzawa Station opened on July 5, 1905 as a station on the Japanese Government Railways (JGR) Ōu South Line. The Ogachi Railway began operations on August 10, 1928 and was renamed the Dewa Railroad on May 1, 1944. The JGR became the Japan National Railways (JNR) after World War II. The Dewa Railway ceased operations from April 1, 1977. The station was absorbed into the JR East network upon the privatization of the JNR on April 1, 1987.