Éva Székely in 1956
3 April 1927 |
Éva Székely (born 3 April 1927) is a Hungarian swimmer. She won the gold medal at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki and the silver medal at the 1956 Summer Olympics. She held the first world record in the 400 m individual medley in 1953.
Earlier in 1941 Székely set a national speed record, although she was barely allowed to start because she was a Jew. She was excluded from competition for the next four years, and survived the Holocaust partly because she was a famous swimmer. Her daughter, Andrea Gyarmati was a backstroke and butterfly swimmer who won two medals at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich. Her former husband Dezső Gyarmati is a multiple Olympic champion in water polo.
After retiring from competitions Székely worked as a pharmacist and swimming coach, training her daughter among others. In 1976 she was inducted to the International Swimming Hall of Fame. She wrote three books, one of which was translated to other languages:
- Only winners are allowed to cry! (Sírni csak a győztesnek szabad!) Budapest, 1981, Magvető Kiadó
- I came, I saw, I lost? (Jöttem, láttam… Vesztettem?) Budapest, 1986, Magvető Kiadó
- I Swam It/I Survived (Megúsztam) Budapest, 1989, Sport Kiadó
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