Đinh Phế Đế

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Đinh Phế Đế
Emperor of Đại Cồ Việt
Reign 979–980
Predecessor Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Successor Lê Đại Hành (Early Lê Dynasty)
Born 974
Died 1001
Spouse Ngô Thị
Full name
Đinh Toàn (丁璿)
Đinh Tuệ (丁穗)
Era name and dates
Thái Bình (太平): 979–980
House Đinh Dynasty
Father Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Mother Dương Vân Nga

Đinh Phế Đế (974–1001) was the second and also the last emperor of Đinh dynasty. His born name is Đinh Toàn () or Đinh Tuệ (). He is the offspring of Đinh Tiên Hoàng and his famous empress Dương Vân Nga (Đinh Bộ Linh conferred the title of Empress on five consorts).

Early years[edit]

He was the second son of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh, after Đinh Liễn and before Đinh Hạng Lang. After Đinh Bộ Lĩnh confers Crown prince on Đinh Hạng Lang, Đinh Liễn angrily killed his younger brother. However, he was able to ascend the throne because of an absurdity that arose when a small official named Đỗ Thích dreamed of his accession to the throne and subsequently assassinated both Đinh Bộ Lĩnh and Đinh Liễn. Đinh Toàn obviously became the last heir of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh and enthroning him became inevitable.[1]

Short reign[edit]

His accession took place during his childhood, which made him only a nominal emperor without any power. All power was wielded by the Regent Lê Hoàn, who some months later became the founder of Lê Dynasty. During this short reign, there were some events happening in his court. Two officials, Đinh Điền and Nguyễn Bặc, feared that the power concentrated in Lê Hoàn's hands could soon replace the Đinh dynasty with Lê Hoàn. And also they suspected that he and Dowager Empress Dương Vân Nga had an illicit liaison with Lê Hoàn. They moved against Lê Hoàn but their resistance was soon rapidly suppressed.

The prince consort Ngô Nhật Khánh fled to Champa, and convinced their monarch, Parameshvaravarman I, to dispatch a naval fleet to attack the Hoa Lư capital. However, this campaign ended in disaster when a surprise storm sank many of the vessels.[2]:56

In 980, after hearing about the demise of Đinh Bộ Lĩnh, the Song emperor dispatched his army to defeat Đại Cồ Việt (one of the previous names of Vietnam). In response, Dowager Empress Dương Vân Nga and the court unanimously enthroned Lê Hoàn. After battling the Song army twice, Lê Hoàn (now emperor Lê Đại Hành) expelled the invaders from his realm. As such, the reign of Đinh Toàn came to the end.

Later years[edit]

After being dethroned, Đinh Toàn became "Vệ Vương", a noble title similar to that of landlord or some kin of the emperor. By the year 1001, when repressing the rebellion Cửu Long in Thanh Hóa Province, he was hit by an arrow and died immediately at the age of 27. Nowadays, historical book have named his title "Đinh Phế Đế", which means "the deposed emperor of the Đinh Dynasty."


  1. ^ Some modern historians hypothesize that Dương Vân Nga intrigued with Lê Hoàn to assassinate Đinh Bộ Lĩnh and Đinh Liễn to enthrone her son, but this is not popularly confirmed
  2. ^ Maspero, G., 2002, The Champa Kingdom, Bangkok: White Lotus Co., Ltd., ISBN 9747534991


  • Đại việt sử kí toàn thư.
Preceded by
Đinh Tiên Hoàng
Emperor of Đại Cồ Việt
Succeeded by
Lê Đại Hành
(Early Lê dynasty)