Ōzato Dynasty

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Royal house
Founded1314 (1314)
FounderŌzato Ofusato
Final rulerTaromai
Dissolution1429 (1429)

The Ōzato Dynasty (Chinese: 大里朝)(Japanese: 大里王統) was the ruling family of the principality of Nanzan. Ōzato Ofusato established it in 1314 in Itoman. He died during a visit to Korea around 1398. Upon his death, his brother Yafuso seized power, but nothing besides is known about him. After Ofusato's death, his uncle Oueishi took reign. Oueshi's second son, Ououso, became chief[1] after his father's death, and later was killed in a coup d'état by his older brother, Tafuchi, who was then killed by Ououso's son, Taromai. Taromai, the last chief of Nanzan, died in 1429 and a succession dispute ensued, during which the army of Chūzan captured Nanzan Castle, ending the principality and forming Ryukyu Kingdom.[2]

Chiefs of Nanzan
Name Kanji Reign Dynasty Notes
Ofusato 承察度 1314-1398 Ōzato Dynasty Ofusato Lord of Ōzato established Nanzan Kingdom
Oueishi 汪英紫 1398-1402 Ōzato Dynasty Ofusato's uncle
Ououso 汪応祖 1403-1413 Ōzato Dynasty Oueishi's second son
Tafuchi 達勃期 1413-1414 Ōzato Dynasty Oueishi's eldest son
Taromai 他魯毎 1414-1429 Ōzato Dynasty Ououso's eldest son; last king of Nanzan


  1. ^ George H. Kerr. (2000). Okinawa: The History of an Island People, p. 52 , p. 52, at Google Books; although the paramount leaders of Okinawa beginning with Shunten (c. 1166 – c. 1237) are commonly identified as "kings," Kerr observes that "it is misleading to attribute full-fledged 'kingship' to an Okinawan chief in these early centuries... distinctly individual leadership exercised through force of personality or preeminent skill in arms or political shrewdness was only slowly replaced by formal institutions of government — laws and ceremonies — supported and strengthened by a developing respect for the royal office."
  2. ^ Kerr, George H. Okinawa, The History of an Island People, Second Printing, Charles E. Tuttle Company, Tokyo, 1959