Šumava National Park

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Šumava
Plešné jezero.jpg
Plešné Lake
Map showing the location of Šumava
Map showing the location of Šumava
Location in the Czech Republic
LocationCzech Republic
Length100 m (330 ft)
Width20 km (12 mi)
Area680.64 km2 (262.80 sq mi)
Established1991-03-20
OperatorSpráva NP a CHKO Šumava
Websitewww.npsumava.cz

The Šumava National Park (Czech: Národní park Šumava, usually shortened as NP Šumava) or Bohemian Forest National Park[1] is a national park in the South Bohemian regions of the Czech Republic along the border with Germany (where the smaller adjacent Bavarian Forest National Park lies) and Austria. They protect a little-inhabited area of the mountain range of the same name, the Šumava or Bohemian Forest. Since 1990 it has been a protected biosphere reserve of UNESCO. [2]

The Bohemian Forest (Czech: Šumava) mountain range is covered by the most extensive forest in Central Europe, whose natural composition was, however, changed and today spruce plantations prevail in most of the area. In many places non-native spruce varieties were planted. These are not well adapted to the harsh local climate and are therefore susceptible to a range of elements, such as strong winds (e.g. in the 1980s or recently at the beginning of 2007) and bark beetle (Ips typographus). Numerous large plateaux with raised peat bogs, glacial lakes and remnants of primeval forests (e.g. Boubín) complete a mosaic of habitats which are little disturbed by human settlements as most of the predominantly German-speaking inhabitants were expelled after World War II, and the area became a part of the deserted zone along the Eastern Bloc border. Since the 1970s there has existed a stable population of lynxes.

Originally, a large landscape protected area was declared on 27 December 1963 covering most of the Bohemian Forest. On 20 March 1991 the most valuable part of the area was declared a national park, with the rest of the landscape protected area serving as its buffer zone.

Location of the Šumava NP (darker green) and the Šumava CHKO (lighter green) in the Czech Republic and the adjacent Bavarian Forest NP in Germany

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pánek, Tomáš and Jan Hradecký, Landscapes and Landforms of the Czech Republic, Switzerland: Springer, 2016, p. 3.
  2. ^ http://www.jiznicechy.org/en/index.php?path=prir/npsumava.htm

Sources[edit]

  • Rubín, Josef (2003). Národní parky a chráněné krajinné oblasti. Praha: Olympia. ISBN 80-7033-808-3.