163 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
163 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar163 BC
Ab urbe condita591
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 161
- PharaohPtolemy VI Philometor, 18
Ancient Greek era154th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4588
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−755
Berber calendar788
Buddhist calendar382
Burmese calendar−800
Byzantine calendar5346–5347
Chinese calendar丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
2535 or 2328
    — to —
戊寅年 (Earth Tiger)
2536 or 2329
Coptic calendar−446 – −445
Discordian calendar1004
Ethiopian calendar−170 – −169
Hebrew calendar3598–3599
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−106 – −105
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2938–2939
Holocene calendar9838
Iranian calendar784 BP – 783 BP
Islamic calendar808 BH – 807 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2171
Minguo calendar2074 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1630
Seleucid era149/150 AG
Thai solar calendar380–381
Tibetan calendar阴火牛年
(female Fire-Ox)
−36 or −417 or −1189
    — to —
(male Earth-Tiger)
−35 or −416 or −1188

Year 163 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Gracchus and Thalna (or, less frequently, year 591 Ab urbe condita) and the First Year of Houyuan (後元). The denomination 163 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • In the turmoil following the death of Antiochus IV, the governor of Media, Timarchus becomes the independent ruler of Media, opposing Lysias who is acting as regent for young king Antiochus V Eupator.
  • Maccabean Revolt:
    • Regent Lysias tries to make peace with the Jews in Judea. He offers them full religious freedom if they will lay down their arms. Moderates including the Hasideans consent, but Judas Maccabeus argues for full political as well as religious freedom.
    • Maccabee campaigns of 163 BC: The Maccabees attack nearby regions to Judea, fighting in a civil conflict between Gentiles and Jews.

Roman Republic[edit]

  • The Roman playwright Terence's play Heauton Timorumenos ("The Self-Tormentor") is first performed.[1][2]




  1. ^ Harrison (2005). A Companion to Latin Literature. Wiley-Blackwell. p. 137.
  2. ^ Arnott, W. Geoffrey. "Terence". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 24, 2024.