1945 in rail transport
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|Years in rail transport|
This article lists events related to rail transport that occurred in 1945.
- January 1 – The national railway operator in the Republic of Ireland, Great Southern Railways, with responsibility for the southern part of the Irish railway network is merged into a new national transport operator, Córas Iompair Éireann (CIÉ).
- January 10 – Los Angeles streetcars make their last run.
- January 12 – Bituminous Coal Research Incorporated’s Locomotive Study Group, made up of representatives from eastern railroads and locomotive manufacturers, meets to find ways to combat the rise of the diesel locomotive. They decide reciprocating steam is dead, and to explore coal-fired turbines.
- January 19 – United States Army Transportation Corps personnel operate their first train on the Luzon Military Railway (over Manila Railway Company track) in the Philippines.
- February 23 – The Treuchtlingen railway station in Bavaria is bombed during World War II; with over 600 killed and 1500 injured, it is the worst railroad disaster in German history.
- February – General Motors Electro-Motive Division introduces the EMD E7.
- March 25 – Virginian Railway takes delivery of its first 2-6-6-6 (class AG) steam locomotives from Lima Locomotive Works.
- April 13 – Franklin D. Roosevelt's funeral train begins its journey.
- April 27 – Austria's state railway becomes independent of the Deutsche Reichsbahn as the Österreichische Staatseisenbahn (ÖStB).
- April – The first airlifts of U.S. Army Transportation Corps metre gauge petrol locomotives into Burma take place.
- May 12 – The Rev. W. V. Awdry's book for children The Three Railway Engines is published in Leicester, England, the first in what is to become The Railway Series.
- May 14 – Lima Locomotive Works ships the last Shay locomotive: Western Maryland Railway number 6.
- July – General Motors Electro-Motive Division introduces the EMD F3.
- July 16 – Canadian National Railway opens its ore dock at Port Arthur, Ontario.
- July 23 – Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad introduces the first Vistadome car, Silver Dome, in the consist of the Twin Cities Zephyr.
- July 30 – First SNCF Class 141R 2-8-2 steam locomotive completed by Lima Locomotive Works in the United States for service in France. 1340 of the class are built in North America.
- August 9 – Near Michigan, ND, the second section of the Great Northern Railway's Empire Builder rear-ends the stalled first section at an estimated 45 mph, killing 34 people and injuring 110 others. The first section was forced to stop due to a hotbox on the locomotive's tender; the collision occurred before a flagman had time to protect the rear of the train.
- August 14 – Kyōbashi Station becomes one of the last sites to be bombed in Japan during World War II when a one-ton bomb directly strikes the Katamachi Line platform as part of the bombing of Osaka, killing 700 to 800 evacuees.
- August 24 – The Yosemite Valley Railroad, which has operated between Merced, California, and Yosemite National Park, runs its last trains.
- August – The Chinese Eastern Railway comes under the joint control of China and the Soviet Union.
- September 27 – The Arlberg-Orient Express resumes operations after World War II.
- October 2 – Piccadilly Circus tube station becomes the first on the London Underground to be lit by fluorescent light.
- December 1 – The Milwaukee Road emerges from its 1935 bankruptcy through reorganization.
- December 13 – The New York Central Railroad places what is up to now the largest single order for passenger equipment: 420 cars.
Unknown date events
- Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company established in India.
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- June 14 – Matthew S. Sloan, president of the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad, in New York City (born 1881).
- October 12 – Charles Fairburn, Chief Mechanical Engineer of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1944–1945 (born 1887).
- October 27 – George Hughes, Chief Mechanical Engineer for the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway 1904–1922, the London and North Western Railway 1922–1923 and the London, Midland and Scottish Railway 1925–1931 (born 1865).
- Tourret, R. (1976). Allied Military Locomotives of the Second World War. 1. Abingdon: Tourret Publishing. p. 12. ISBN 0-905878-00-0.
- Rivanna Chapter National Railway Historical Society. "This month in railroad history – March". Archived from the original on April 17, 2006. Retrieved March 24, 2006.
- Tourret, R. (1977). United States Army Transportation Corps Locomotives. Allied Military Locomotives of the Second World War, Book 2. Abingdon: Tourret Publishing. p. 67. ISBN 0-905878-01-9.
- Sibley, Brian (1995). The Thomas the Tank Engine Man. London: Heinemann. ISBN 0-434-96909-5.
- Koch, Michael (1971). The Shay Locomotive Titan of the Timber. The World Press. pp. 369&463.
- "Significant dates in Canadian railway history". April 3, 2005. Archived from the original on June 23, 2005. Retrieved July 12, 2005.
- White, John H. (1978). The American Railroad Passenger Car. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 197. ISBN 0801819652. OCLC 2798188.
- Balkwill, Richard; Marshall, John (1993). The Guinness Book of Railway Facts and Feats (6th ed.). Enfield: Guinness Publishing. ISBN 0-85112-707-X.
- Rivanna Chapter National Railway Historical Society (2005). "This month in railroad history – August". Retrieved August 23, 2005.
- Guest, Clayton J. (June 13, 2002). "Time Line of Major Events". YosemiteValleyRailroad.com. Retrieved August 24, 2008.
- Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
- "The Milwaukee Road: A brief history". TrainWeb. Retrieved 2015-04-16.