1st century in Roman Britain
Jump to navigation Jump to search
|Prehistory | 1st century | 2nd century|
Events from the 1st century in Roman Britain.
- 7 CE
- Cunobeline becomes king of the Catuvellauni.
- May – Roman conquest of Britain: Roman legions, under Aulus Plautius, invade Britain, landing near Richborough.
- Roman conquest of Britain: General Vespasian captures the River Medway and forces Britons back across the Thames.
- September – Roman conquest of Britain: Emperor Claudius brings reinforcements and captures Colchester; Britons including Caratacus and Togodumnus surrender.
- Roman conquest of Britain: Aulus Plautius becomes first Governor of Roman Britain.
- Foundation of Londinium (London).
- 60 or 61
- Paulinus captures Anglesey, the last stronghold of the druids.
- Prasutagus, king of the Iceni (in modern East Anglia), dies leaving a will which passes his kingdom to his two daughters and emperor Nero. The Roman army however annexes the kingdom as if conquered, depriving the nobles of their hereditary lands and plundering the land. The king's widow, Boudica, is flogged and forced to watch their daughters publicly raped. Roman financiers, including Seneca the Younger, call in their loans.
- Boudica leads a rebellion of the Iceni against Roman rule in alliance with the Trinovantes, Cornovii, Durotriges and Celtic Britons. The Iceni and Trinovantes first destroy the Roman capital Camulodunum (Colchester), wipe out the infantry of the Legio IX Hispana (commanded by Quintus Petillius Cerialis) and go on to burn Londinium (London) (probably destroying London Bridge) and Verulamium (St Albans), in all cases massacring the inhabitants in thousands.
- Paulinus defeats the rebels at the Battle of Watling Street using a flying wedge formation, and imposes wide-ranging punishments on native Britons, but is removed from office after an enquiry instituted by Gaius Julius Alpinus Classicianus (appointed procurator 61) and the Romanization of Britain continues. Boudica either poisons herself or falls sick and dies.
- Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 16–20. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
- British History Timeline, BBC
- Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p. 47. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
- Tacitus, Annals 14.30.
- Tacitus, Annals 14.31.
- Cassius Dio, Roman History 62.2.
- Tacitus, Annals.
- Cassius Dio, Roman History.