2010–12 world food price crisis
To reduce the volatility of food markets and increase market transparency, several measures were considered at the G20 summit in 2010. One of the outcomes was the establishment of the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) in 2011.
In April 2011, the World Bank warned that the global economy was "one shock away" from an impending full-scale food price crisis. The high food prices have contributed to worldwide protests particularly in Africa. High food prices were also a major factor contributing to the Arab Spring unrest.
The deflated FAO food price index reached an all time high in 2012. As a result of a very dry summer in the United States and Europe, corn and soybean prices reached all-time highs in July 2012 and prices remained high throughout 2012
One reason for the increase in food prices may be the increase in oil prices at the same time, leading to increased demand for and production of biofuels. For example, the use of Maize (Corn) for ethanol fuel production rose from 15% of total U.S. maize production in 2006 to 40% in 2012.
- Toni Johnson, First published June 24, 2011, last updated January 16, 2013. Food Price Volatility and Insecurity. http://www.cfr.org/food-security/food-price-volatility-insecurity/p16662
- Business News, BBC (April 17, 2011). "World Bank head warns of food price crisis". British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 20 July 2011.
- Sneyd, L. Q., A. Legwegoh, and E. D. G. Fraser. 2013. Food riots: Media perspectives on the causes of food protest in Africa. Food Security 5 (4):485–497.
- Ines Perez 2013. Climate Change and Rising Food Prices Heightened Arab Spring. Scientific American, https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/climate-change-and-rising-food-prices-heightened-arab-spring/