2012 Pacific hurricane season

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2012 Pacific hurricane season
2012 Pacific hurricane season summary map.png
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedMay 14, 2012
Last system dissipatedNovember 3, 2012
Strongest storm
NameEmilia
 • Maximum winds140 mph (220 km/h)
(1-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure945 mbar (hPa; 27.91 inHg)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions17
Total storms17
Hurricanes10
Major hurricanes
(Cat. 3+)
5
Total fatalities8 total
Total damage$27.9 million (2012 USD)
Related articles
Pacific hurricane seasons
2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

The 2012 Pacific hurricane season was a moderately active Pacific hurricane season that saw an unusually high number of tropical cyclones pass west of the Baja California Peninsula. The season officially started on May 15 in the eastern Pacific, and on June 1 in the central Pacific, and ended on November 30; these dates conventionally delimit the period during which most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. However, with the formation of Tropical Storm Aletta on May 14 the season slightly exceeded these bounds.

Hurricane Bud intensified into the first major hurricane of the season, one of three to do so in the month of May. In mid-June, Hurricane Carlotta came ashore near Puerto Escondido, Mexico. Seven people were killed by Carlotta and damage amounted to US$12.4 million. Hurricane Paul brought significant damage to Baja California Sur. Tropical Storms Hector, John, Kristy, and Norman, as well as Hurricane Fabio all threatened land; however, damage from these storms were relatively minor.

Seasonal forecasts[edit]

Predictions of tropical activity in the 2012 season
Source Date Named
storms
Hurricanes Major
hurricanes
Average (1971–2006) 15.3 8.8 4.2
Record high activity 27 16 (tie) 11
Record low activity 8 (tie) 3 0 (tie)
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
CPC May 24, 2012 12–18 5–9 2–5
–––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––
Actual activity 17 10 5

On May 24, the Climate Prediction Center released its pre-season outlook. The scientists stated a 30% chance of a below-normal season, a 50% chance of a near-normal season and a 20% chance of an above-normal season. The climatologists expected 12–18 named storms, with 5–9 becoming hurricanes, and 2–5 becoming major hurricanes. The below-normal activity forecast was because of increased wind shear and a high expectation of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-neutral conditions throughout the peak in the later months of summer, together with lingering La Niña conditions at the beginning of the season, even though there had already been two named systems – one tropical storm and one major hurricane – in the month of May.[1]

Seasonal summary[edit]

Hurricane Paul (2012)Tropical Storm Norman (2012)Hurricane Carlotta (2012)Hurricane Bud (2012)Saffir–Simpson Hurricane Scale

The season was relatively active. Hurricane Bud became a major hurricane in May, marking the third occurrence of such.[2] Hurricane Carlotta threatened Mexico in mid-June. In July three hurricanes developed, two of which reached major hurricane strength. With the formation of Hurricane Fabio on July 12, the season was a month ahead of normal.[3]

The first tropical cyclone, Tropical Storm Aletta, developed on May 14, which was about a day before the normal start of the season. The final storm of the year, Tropical Storm Rosa, dissipated on November 3. Storm activity in the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility was below average, with no tropical cyclones forming in the region. However one tropical cyclone, Hurricane Daniel, entered the Central Pacific, as a tropical storm.

The Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) for the season was 98.[nb 1]

Systems[edit]

Tropical Storm Aletta[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Aletta May 15 2012 1745Z.png Aletta 2012 track.png
DurationMay 14 – May 19
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

The passage of an eastward-moving kelvin wave generated a broad area of low pressure within the Intertropical Convergence Zone well south of Mexico on May 11. Convection organized about this low, leading to the season's first tropical depression around 12:00 UTC on May 14. A ridge extending from Mexico into the eastern Pacific forced the depression west, while low wind shear and warm ocean temperatures allowed it to become Tropical Storm Aletta by 00:00 UTC on May 15. After attaining peak winds of 50 mph (85 km/h) eighteen hours later, stronger upper-level winds and dry air caused a steady decay of the system. Aletta weakened to a tropical depression as it curved northeast early on May 17, and despite producing intermittent bursts of convection for a few days, ultimately degenerated to a remnant low around 06:00 UTC on May 19. The low turned southeast and dissipated the next day.[4]

Hurricane Bud[edit]

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Bud May 24 2012 1815Z.png Bud 2012 track.png
DurationMay 20 – May 26
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  961 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave that left Africa on May 5 organized into a tropical depression over the East Pacific around 18:00 UTC on May 20. Easterly wind shear prevented much organization, and the depression did not intensify into Tropical Storm Bud until 06:00 UTC on May 22. As the system moved west-northwest, upper-level winds gradually diminished, allowing Bud to attain hurricane strength by 00:00 UTC on May 24. A period of rapid intensification brought the system to its peak as a Category 3 hurricane with winds of 115 mph (185 km/h) within 24 hours, when it resembled an annular hurricane with a distinct eye and little outer banding.[5] A trough over the southwestern United States directed the storm northeast, while increasing southwesterly wind shear prompted weakening. Bud fell to tropical storm intensity by 00:00 UTC on May 26 and degenerated to a remnant low six hours later. The remnants moved very close to the coastline of southwestern Mexico before dissipating on May 26.[6]


Hurricane Carlotta[edit]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Carlotta Jun 15 2012 2045Z.png Carlotta 2012 track.png
DurationJune 14 – June 16
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  973 mbar (hPa)

An area of disturbed weather that may have originated as a tropical wave from Africa emerged into the East Pacific on June 11. Light wind shear and an eastward-moving kelvin wave aided in the development of a tropical depression by 00:00 UTC on June 14, and Tropical Storm Carlotta six hours later. As the storm moved northwest on the periphery of a mid-level ridge, it attained hurricane strength around 12:00 UTC on June 15 and rapidly intensified to its peak as a Category 2 with winds of 110 mph (175 km/h) by 21:00 UTC that day. Carlotta subsequently made landfall near Puerto Escondido, Mexico, at a slightly reduced strength, becoming the easternmost landfalling hurricane on record in the East Pacific. After the storm moved ashore, it rapidly weakened over the mountains terrain of southern Mexico, degenerating to a remnant low around 00:00 UTC on June 17 and dissipating over Guerrero twelve hours later.[7]

Upon formation, hurricane watches were issued for the southern coastline of Mexico.[8] This was later upgraded to a warning when Carlotta became a hurricane.[9] The storm made landfall in southern Mexico, bringing with it heavy rains and gusty winds which caused flash floods and numerous landslides along the area, primarily the state of Oaxaca. Due to the severity of the situation in Oaxaca the governor requested for a state of emergency to be declared to his state.[10] Throughout Mexico, seven people were killed by Carlotta and damage amounted to MX$1.4 billion (US$107.7 million).[11][12]

Hurricane Daniel[edit]

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Daniel Jul 7 2012 1835Z.jpg Daniel 2012 track.png
DurationJuly 4 – July 12
Peak intensity115 mph (185 km/h) (1-min)  961 mbar (hPa)

A tropical wave emerged off Africa on June 20 and moved inconspicuously across the Atlantic, crossing Central America nine days later. The disturbance organized into a tropical depression around 06:00 UTC on July 4 and further strengthened into Tropical Storm Daniel after 24 hours. Moderate easterly wind shear affected the storm initially, but these winds relaxed and allowed Daniel to become a hurricane by 00:00 UTC on July 7 when an eye became apparent on satellite. Steady intensification brought the storm to its peak as a Category 3 with winds of 115 mph (185 km/h) around 06:00 UTC on July 8. A westward track into cooler waters and drier air caused Daniel to begin slowly; it fell to tropical storm strength by 06:00 UTC on July 10, weakened to a tropical depression around 18:00 UTC on July 11 shortly after crossing into the Central Pacific, and subsequently degenerated to a remnant low by 12:00 UTC on July 12. The low opened up into a trough early on July 14.[13]

Hurricane Emilia[edit]

Category 4 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Emilia Jul 10 2012 2035Z.jpg Emilia 2012 track.png
DurationJuly 7 – July 15
Peak intensity140 mph (220 km/h) (1-min)  945 mbar (hPa)

A quick-moving tropical wave left Africa on June 23 and emerged into the East Pacific late on July 4, where it interacted with a disturbance within the ITCZ. The two systems coalesced, leading to the formation of a tropical depression by 18:00 UTC on July 7, and to Tropical Storm Emilia six hours later. A mid-level ridge extending west from Mexico directed the cyclone west-northwest, while a favorable environment allowed Emilia to intensify. It attained hurricane strength around 06:00 UTC on July 9 with the formation of a banded eye, and further strengthened to a Category 4 with winds of 140 mph (220 km/h) a day later when its eye was embedded within very deep convection. The onset of an eyewall replacement cycle caused Emilia to weaken to a Category 2 hurricane early on July 11, but it regained Category 3 intensity later that day before entering cooler waters and a drier environment. Emilia weakened to a tropical storm around 12:00 UTC on July 13 and degenerated to a remnant low by 18:00 UTC on July 15. The post-tropical cyclone continued west and opened into a trough south of Hawaii early on July 18.[14]

Hurricane Fabio[edit]

Category 2 hurricane (SSHWS)
Hurricane Fabio Jul 14 2012 1840Z.jpg Fabio 2012 track.png
DurationJuly 12 – July 18
Peak intensity110 mph (175 km/h) (1-min)  966 mbar (hPa)

On June 27, a tropical wave left Africa; it tracked west, emerging into the East Pacific on July 7. Interaction with a series of eastward-moving kelvin waves led to the formation of a tropical depression around 00:00 UTC on July 12; six hours later, it became Tropical Storm Fabio. The storm moved west amid modest wind shear, becoming a hurricane by 18:00 UTC on May 13 and gradually strengthening to a Category 2 with winds of 110 mph (175 km/h) around 06:00 UTC on July 15. At its best, the hurricane was characterized by a distinct eye within deep convection,[15] and it is possible Fabio briefly attained major hurricane strength. The system turned northwest and then north into cooler waters after peak, weakening to a tropical storm late on July 16, to a tropical depression early on July 18, and finally to a remnant low around 12:00 UTC that morning. The low curved east-southeast before dissipating on July 20.[16]

Hurricane Gilma[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Gilma Aug 8 2012 1835Z.jpg Gilma 2012 track.png
DurationAugust 7 – August 11
Peak intensity80 mph (130 km/h) (1-min)  984 mbar (hPa)

Late on August 5, the National Hurricane Center began monitoring an area of disturbed weather about 500 mi (805 km) south-southwest of Acapulco, Mexico, characterized by disorganized shower and thunderstorm activity.[17] Quick organization occurred, and a day later, the system was given a high chance of tropical cyclone development within 48 hours.[18] After a subsequent increase in shower and thunderstorm activity, the NHC determined that the low had acquired enough organization to be declared a tropical depression at 0600 UTC on August 7.[19] Initially, the depression, which was upgraded to Tropical Storm Gilma early that same day,[20] was forecast to reach cooler sea surface temperatures within four days, limiting the storm's chances of becoming a hurricane. However, following a quicker rate of intensification than originally anticipated, the NHC stated that Gilma had acquired enough organization to be upgraded to the sixth hurricane of the season at 0300 UTC on August 9, simultaneously reaching its peak intensity of 80 mph.[21][22] Shortly thereafter, the cyclone entered cooler waters, and weakened to a tropical storm during the afternoon hours of the same day.[23] The tropical cyclone further weakened to a tropical depression early on August 11, and transitioned into a post-tropical cyclone that afternoon, well away from land.[24] During the next few days, the remnants of Gilma curved towards the north and then the west, before dissipating early on August 14.[25]

Tropical Storm Hector[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Hector Aug 13 2012 1745Z.png Hector 2012 track.png
DurationAugust 11 – August 16
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  995 mbar (hPa)

A trough of low pressure, formed from the remnants of Hurricane Ernesto in the Atlantic, began to organize, and by the evening hours of August 11, the NHC declared the formation of Tropical Depression Eight-E.[26] The next day, the depression intensified to Tropical Storm Hector, the eighth named storm of the 2012 season.[27] Hector moved slowly towards the west, with slight changes in strength during its entirety. Because of the strong vertical wind shear and marginally warm water around Hector, not much strengthening was anticipated, but instead weakened over the next several days. It never intensified above tropical storm strength, where it remained until further weakening to a tropical depression on August 15.[28] The next day on August 16, as Hector lacked numerous thunderstorms surrounding its center, it was declared post-tropical.[29] During the next several days, Hector slowly curved towards the east, before dissipating on August 20.[30]

Hector brought waves up to 12 ft (3.7 m) in the port of Mazatlan, subsequently; authorities restricted boating access. The storm also brought intervals of heavy showers, gusty winds exceeding 40 mph and hot temperatures in most municipalities in Sinaloa.[31] 400 people were evacuated in Los Cabos due to flooding.[32] 100 people were left homeless.[33]

Hurricane Ileana[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Ileana250m Aug 30 2012 2110(UTC).jpg Ileana 2012 track.png
DurationAugust 27 – September 2
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  978 mbar (hPa)

The low pressure system that was to become Hurricane Ileana began from a tropical wave that is first monitored by the National Hurricane Center on August 23. Development of the said wave is expected if it reaches more favorable conditions.[34] Moving towards the north-west, the low began to organize, and by August 27, the low organized to become the ninth tropical depression of the season.[35] The depression continued to show signs of organization, and later that day it was upgraded to Tropical Storm Ileana, the ninth named storm of the season.[36] Ileana took advantage of the warm sea surface temperature and low vertical wind shear and became better organized; such substantial strengthening would make Ileana a hurricane, peaking as an 85 mph (145 km/h) Category 1 hurricane on August 29.[37] Ileana would not maintain hurricane strength for long, and, as predicted, weakened back to tropical storm status on August 31 as it began to turn west.[38] Weakening continued as Ileana traversed cooler sea surface temperatures and encountered increasing wind shear and more stable air environment. The storm weakened to a tropical depression on September 2, further weakened into a post-tropical cyclone after failing to sustain deep convection for over twelve hours.[39] However, the remnants continued moving southwestward into the Central Pacific over the next 4 days, before finally dissipating on September 6.[40]

Tropical Storm John[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
John Sept 3 2012 2040Z.jpg John 2012 track.png
DurationSeptember 2 – September 4
Peak intensity45 mph (75 km/h) (1-min)  1000 mbar (hPa)

A large area of low pressure well west of Central America formed on August 29. Over the next couple of days, the system began to slowly organize as it was in an area of favorable conditions for further development.[41] By September 1, another area of low pressure had formed just offshore Mexico, just east of the organizing low, and that same day it eventually absorbed the weaker low; this gives an extra hint for the formation of Tropical Depression Ten-E, which was south of Baja California.[42] The next day, the depression became the tenth storm of the 2012 season; however, no significant strengthening was anticipated because of moderate to high vertical wind shear in addition to the marginally warm sea surface temperature along John's path.[43] John remained a very weak tropical storm; it never exceeded 40 mph winds throughout its lifetime, and the main low level circulation was always separated from the main canopy of thunderstorms due to the increasing easterly wind shear.[44] It only maintained tropical storm intensity for 18 hours; after that it weakened to a tropical depression.[45] It held onto tropical depression status for another 18 hours, before becoming post-tropical on the following day.[46] However, the remnant low of John continued moving northwestward for the next 3 days, before dissipating on September 7.[47]

John brought rain and wind to the Baja California Peninsula; the Los Cabos port was closed for small craft.[48]

Tropical Storm Kristy[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Kristy Sept 12 2012 2035Z.jpg Kristy 2012 track.png
DurationSeptember 12 – September 17
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  998 mbar (hPa)

On September 9, an area of low pressure formed west of Central America. The disturbance was expected to strengthen within the next couple of days, with conditions conducive for development.[49] During the next several days, the low edged a little close towards the coast of Western Mexico, but interaction with land did not inhibit further development of this area of low pressure into the eleventh tropical depression of the season.[50] The depression then became Tropical Storm Kristy that same day. The system was insistent on maintaining its intensity even though structure and organization began to collapse because of the unfavorable environment it encountered.[51] September 16, Kristy was downgraded to a tropical depression, and was declared post-tropical the following day, as from a lack of deep convection. The following day, wind warnings were placed in effect for the Baja California Peninisula from the remnants associated with Kristy.[52] Kristy also threatened Southern Mexico.[53] During the next several days, Kristy's remnants turned towards the east before looping back towards the south, until the system dissipated very early on September 20.[54]

Hurricane Lane[edit]

Category 1 hurricane (SSHWS)
Lane Sept 17 2012 1925Z.jpg Lane 2012 track.png
DurationSeptember 15 – September 19
Peak intensity85 mph (140 km/h) (1-min)  985 mbar (hPa)

Lane formed from an area of low pressure that formed just west of Tropical Storm Kristy on September 13. At first, development was not expected as it was forecast to interact with Tropical Storm Kristy.[55] Nevertheless, the system moved away from Kristy and organized into the twelfth depression of the season, on September 15.[56][57] Twelve-E became better organized that day, and was upgraded to Tropical Storm Lane, the twelfth named storm of the season.[58] At first, Lane was expected to remain a tropical storm before weakening because of it approaching less favorable conditions. However, due to the improving satellite appearance, and some additional intensification overnight, Lane was forecast to become a hurricane within 24 hours. Lane was upgraded to hurricane status at 0900 UTC on Monday, September 17,[59] maintaining that status for approximately 30 hours before being downgraded back to a tropical storm at 1500 UTC, on Tuesday, September 18.[60] Lane quickly degenerated into a tropical depression, and then a remnant low during the next day. The remnant low of Lane continued moving westward for another day, before dissipating on September 20.[61]

Hurricane Miriam[edit]

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Miriam Sept 24 2012 2100Z.jpg Miriam 2012 track.png
DurationSeptember 22 – September 27
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  959 mbar (hPa)

On September 22, an area of low pressure that had been organizing for a couple of days became defined enough to be declared as Tropical Depression Thirteen-E.[62] It soon strengthened to Tropical Storm Miriam, and began to further intensify over a very favorable environment.[63] On September 23, rapid intensification was noted as a distinct possibility[64] as vertical wind shear was forecast to remain under 5 knots for the next 36 hours. Later that evening, Miriam intensified from a 70 mph tropical storm at 2 pm PDT[65] to a 90 mph Category 1 hurricane at 8 pm.[66] Miriam continued to intensify on the 24th, developing a 10 nautical mile wide eye[67] and by 8 am PDT that day, it became a Category 3 major hurricane with maximum sustained winds of 120 mph.[68] Miriam maintained this intensity for 12 hours before weakening back into a Category 2 at 8 pm PDT the same day.[69] Miriam began to gradually weaken and weakened to a tropical storm with 70 mph winds at 2 am PDT on the 26th.[70] Miriam continued to steadily weaken over colder sea surface temperatures and became a tropical depression on the 27th as the last of the deep convection dissipated, as the moisture separated from the storm, and began streaming over Baja California.[71] Miriam became a remnant low just 6 hours later.[72] As Miriam lost its convection, the moisture drifted over the Baja California Peninsula, and into Texas.[73] The remnant low of Hurricane Miriam continued to drift southward, until it dissipated early on October 3.[74]

Tropical Storm Norman[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Norman Sept 28 2012 1900Z.jpg Norman 2012 track.png
DurationSeptember 28 – September 29
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

Early on September 25, the National Hurricane Center began monitoring an area of disturbed weather a few hundred miles south of Acapulco, Mexico.[75] This system originally lacked a well-defined center and was broad in size, but gradually organized as it moved towards the north-northwest.[76] Satellite, ship, and buoy observations early on September 28 revealed that the low had become much better defined, and at 1500 UTC, the first advisory was issued on Tropical Storm Norman, located at the time about 85 mi (135 km) east of Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.[77] Norman weakened as it approached the coast of western Mexico and it became a tropical depression on September 29.[78] The depression made landfall about just west of Topolobampo, but quickly emerged into the Gulf of California.[79] The last of the deep convection associated with Norman dissipated early on September 29,[80] and Norman became a post-tropical remnant low later that day.[81] Early on September 30, the remnant low of Norman dissipated.[82][83]

Tropical Storm Olivia[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Olivia Oct 6 2012 2120Z.jpg Olivia 2012 track.png
DurationOctober 6 – October 8
Peak intensity60 mph (95 km/h) (1-min)  997 mbar (hPa)

An area of low pressure that formed in the eastern Pacific quickly began to organize and eventually gained enough convection and organization to be declared Tropical Depression Fifteen-E on October 6.[84] However, the environment was only marginal for development, and NHC forecaster Lixion Avila only forecasted Fifteen-E to become a 40 mph tropical storm before weakening.[84] Over the next several hours, a convective cloud band gained curvature over the northwest quadrant of the circulation and a central dense overcast persisted,[85] and on this basis and Dvorak classifications, Fifteen-E was upgraded to Tropical Storm Olivia with an estimated wind speed of 45 mph.[85] Despite the convective banding breaking off and becoming disconnected from the inner circulation of Olivia overnight, Dvorak T-numbers suggested that Olivia packed 60 mph winds.[86] Olivia moved over very warm water (29 degrees C), but stopped strengthening on the morning of the 7th as it lost its banding features.[87] However, the central dense overcast expanded and forecasters noted that additional strengthening was a possibility.[87] Olivia continued moving northward, but with no change in strength until the afternoon of October 8, when the low-level circulation became exposed to the southwest of the main area of deep convection around 6:00 AM PDT.[88] At 2:00 PM PDT the same day, it was reported that the deep convection was located about 100 nautical miles away from the low-level center.[88] As southwesterly shear remained strong, the low- and mid-level centers of Olivia completely decoupled late on October 8, with last-light visible satellite imagery showing it as a swirl of low clouds with the strongest convection a few hundred miles away from the center.[89] At 2:00 AM PDT on October 9, Olivia was declared post-tropical, as it had not been producing significant deep convection for the past 6 to 12 hours and the low-level center was moving even further away from the few convective cells that remained.[90] The cyclone was expected to weaken and open up into a trough within 48 hours at the time of the last discussion.[90] Late on October 10, the remnant of Olivia dissipated.[91][92]

Hurricane Paul[edit]

Category 3 hurricane (SSHWS)
Paul Oct 15 2012.jpg Paul 2012 track.png
DurationOctober 13 – October 17
Peak intensity120 mph (195 km/h) (1-min)  959 mbar (hPa)

Early on October 10, the National Hurricane Center first began monitoring a trough of low pressure off the southern coast of Mexico. With a disorganized area of convection, the system moved slowly westward, and conditions allowed for gradual development.[93] Initially, upper-level winds were only marginally favorable, and although the thunderstorms remained disorganized, the NHC estimated a 50% chance for development by early on October 12.[94] The next day, the system became better defined,[95] and the NHC classified it as Tropical Storm Paul at 2100 UTC that day, about 660 mi (1065 km) south-southwest of the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula. Upon forming, Paul skipped the tropical depression stage, and it had a well-defined circulation with organized convection. It moved westward due to a mid-level ridge that extended westward from Mexico.[96]

Warm waters, very little wind shear, and a moist environment allowed Paul to quickly intensify and developed organized rainbands.[97] Easterly wind shear was the primary inhibitor factor of rapid intensification. On October 14, Paul began moving northward while rounding a ridge, also influenced by an upper-level low west of Baja California.[98] An eye began developing early on October 15,[99] and later that day Paul intensified into a hurricane.[100] The cloud pattern became increasingly symmetrical,[101] and the storm underwent rapid deepening on October 15. It developed a well-defined eye, prompting the NHC to estimate peak winds of 120 mph (190 km/h); this made it the fifth major hurricane season of the season.[102] However, increasing southwesterly wind shear quickly imparted weakening, causing the eye to deteriorate by early on October 16. Shortly thereafter, the NHC reported that Paul was no longer a major hurricane.[103] During the afternoon hours of October 17, Paul was downgraded to a tropical depression,[104] and hours later, the storm was declared a remnant low.[105] The remnant low of Hurricane Paul persisted for another day, before dissipating on October 18.[106] During the next two days, remnant moisture from Paul caused drizzle and light rain across Southern California.

Across the city of La Paz, damage to roads was estimated at MX$200 million (US$15.5 million).[107]

Tropical Storm Rosa[edit]

Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Rosa Oct 31 2012 1810Z.jpg Rosa 2012 track.png
DurationOctober 30 – November 3
Peak intensity50 mph (85 km/h) (1-min)  1001 mbar (hPa)

On October 30 the NHC issued a special advisory to the effect that a low pressure system located well to the southwest of Cabo San Lucas had organized rather quickly and was being classified as a tropical depression.[108] In light shear conditions it soon strengthened to become Tropical Storm Rosa,[109] and continued to strengthen as it drifted slowly west then southwest.[110] On November 2, increasing westerly shear caused Rosa to weaken steadily,[111] Rosa degenerated into a remnant low late on November 3.[112] The remnants of Rosa persisted for another couple of days, before dissipating on November 5.[113]

Storm names[edit]

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the Eastern Pacific in 2012. No names were retired during the 35th session of the RA IV hurricane committee on April 11, 2013. The names not retired from this list were used again in the 2018 season. This was the same list used in the 2006 season.

  • Rosa
  • Sergio (unused)
  • Tara (unused)
  • Vicente (unused)
  • Willa (unused)
  • Xavier (unused)
  • Yolanda (unused)
  • Zeke (unused)

For storms that form in the Central Pacific Hurricane Center's area of responsibility, encompassing the area between 140 degrees west and the International Date Line, all names are used in a series of four rotating lists. The next four names that were slated for use in 2012 are shown below; however, none of them were used.

  • Pewa (unused)
  • Unala (unused)
  • Wali (unused)
  • Ana (unused)

Season effects[edit]

This is a table of all of the storms in the 2012 Pacific hurricane season. It includes their durations, peak intensities, names, landfall(s), damages, and death totals. Deaths in parentheses are additional and indirect (an example of an indirect death would be a traffic accident), but are still storm-related. Damage and deaths include totals while the storm was extratropical, a wave, or a low. All of the damage figures are in 2012 USD.

Saffir–Simpson scale
TD TS C1 C2 C3 C4 C5
2012 Pacific hurricane season statistics
Storm
name
Dates active Storm category

at peak intensity

Max 1-min
wind
mph (km/h)
Min.
press.
(mbar)
Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs


Aletta May 14 – 19 Tropical storm 50 (85) 1000 None None None
Bud May 20 – 26 Category 3 hurricane 115 (185) 961 Western Mexico Minimal None
Carlotta June 14 – 16 Category 2 hurricane 110 (175) 973 Southwestern Mexico 12.4 7
Daniel July 4 – 12 Category 3 hurricane 115 (185) 961 None None None
Emilia July 7 – 15 Category 4 hurricane 140 (220) 945 None None None
Fabio July 12 – 18 Category 2 hurricane 110 (175) 966 Baja California Peninsula, California, Western United States None None
Gilma August 7 – 11 Category 1 hurricane 80 (130) 984 None None None
Hector August 11 – 16 Tropical storm 50 (85) 995 Western Mexico, Baja California Peninsula Minimal None
Ileana August 27 – 2 Category 1 hurricane 85 (140) 978 None None None
John September 2 – 4 Tropical storm 45 (75) 1000 Baja California Peninsula Minimal None
Kristy September 12 – 17 Tropical storm 60 (95) 998 Baja California Peninsula Minimal None
Lane September 15 – 19 Category 1 hurricane 85 (130) 985 None None None
Miriam September 22 – 27 Category 3 hurricane 120 (195) 959 Baja California Peninsula, Texas None None
Norman September 28 – 29 Tropical storm 50 (85) 997 Western Mexico, Baja California Peninsula, Northwestern Mexico, Texas Minimal 1
Olivia October 6 – 8 Tropical storm 60 (95) 997 None None None
Paul October 13 – 17 Category 3 hurricane 120 (195) 959 Baja California Peninsula, Northwestern Mexico 15.5 None
Rosa October 30 – November 3 Tropical storm 50 (85) 1001 None None None
Season Aggregates
17 systems May 14 – November 3   140 (220) 945 27.9 8  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NOAA: 2012 Eastern Pacific Hurricane Season Outlook". Climate Prediction Center. May 24, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
  2. ^ United States Department of Commerce; National Ocean Service. "Historical Hurricane Tracks". United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Weather Service. Archived from the original on 2010-12-09. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  3. ^ Kelley, Johnny (July 4, 2012). "Eastern Pacific spews out fifth hurricane more than a month ahead of schedule". The Examiner. Retrieved 20 July 2012.
  4. ^ Daniel P. Brown (August 15, 2012). Tropical Cyclone Report: Tropical Storm Aletta (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  5. ^ Stacy R. Stewart (May 24, 2012). Hurricane Bud Discussion Number 17 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  6. ^ Eric S. Blake (October 9, 2012). Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Bud (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  7. ^ Richard J. Pasch; David A. Zelinsky (December 20, 2012). Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Carlotta (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  8. ^ Daniel Brown; Robbie Berg (June 13, 2012). "Tropical Depression Three-E Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  9. ^ Jack Beven (June 15, 2012). "Hurricane Carlotta Public Advisory Number 7". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  10. ^ "Death toll rises to 3 from hurricane in Mexico". Fox News Latino. June 18, 2012. Archived from the original on June 21, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  11. ^ "July 2012 Global Catastrophe Recap" (PDF). AON Benfield. August 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  12. ^ "El estado de Oaxaca solicita 1,444 millones de pesos al FONDEN, para atender los daños en los 103 municipios declarados en Desastre por la ocurrencia del Huracán "Carlotta"". Government of Mexico (in Spanish). ReliefWeb. July 25, 2012. Retrieved September 13, 2012.
  13. ^ Lixion A. Avila; Wallace Hogsett (October 17, 2012). Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Daniel (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  14. ^ John P. Cangialosi (October 14, 2012). Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Emilia (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  15. ^ Daniel P. Brown (July 15, 2012). Hurricane Fabio Discussion Number 15 (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  16. ^ John L. Beven II (December 18, 2012). Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Fabio (PDF) (Report). Miami, Florida: National Hurricane Center. Retrieved July 19, 2018.
  17. ^ Beven, Jack (August 5, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  18. ^ Todd Kimberlain; Stacy Stewart (August 6, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  19. ^ Berg, Robbie (August 7, 2012). "Tropical Depression Seven-E Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  20. ^ Beven, Jack (August 7, 2012). "Tropical Storm Gilma Public Advisory Number 2". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  21. ^ Roberts, Dave. "Hurricane Gilma Discussion Number 9". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  22. ^ Cangialosi, John (August 8, 2012). "Hurricane Gilma Public Advisory Number 8". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  23. ^ Berg, Robbie (August 9, 2012). "Tropical Storm Gilma Public Advisory Number 11". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  24. ^ Avila, Lixion (August 11, 2012). "Post-Tropical Cyclone Gilma Public Advisory Number 19". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  25. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP072012_Gilma.pdf
  26. ^ Lixion Avila (August 11, 2012). "Tropical Depression Eight-E Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 11, 2012.
  27. ^ Eric Blake (August 12, 2012). "Tropical Storm Hector Public Advisory Number 3". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  28. ^ "Tropical Depression Hector Public Advisory Number 18". National Hurricane Center. August 15, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  29. ^ "Post-Tropical Cyclone Hector Public Advisory Number 24". National Hurricane Center. August 17, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  30. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP082012_Hector.pdf
  31. ^ http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/864733.html
  32. ^ http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/864785.html
  33. ^ http://fotos.eluniversal.com.mx/coleccion/muestra_fotogaleria.html?idgal=13539
  34. ^ "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. August 24, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  35. ^ "Tropical Depression Nine-E Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. August 27, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  36. ^ "Tropical Storm Ileana Public Advisory Number 2". National Hurricane Center. August 27, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  37. ^ "Hurricane Ileana Public Advisory Number 10". National Hurricane Center. August 29, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  38. ^ "Tropical Storm Ileana Public Advisory Number 17". National Hurricane Center. August 31, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  39. ^ "Post-Tropical Cyclone Ilene Public Advisory Number 24". National Hurricane Center. September 2, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  40. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP092012_Ileana.pdf
  41. ^ Todd Kimberlain (August 29, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  42. ^ John Cangialosi (September 2, 2012). "Tropical Depression Ten-E Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  43. ^ Stacy Stewart (September 3, 2012). "Tropical Storm John Discussion Number 3". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  44. ^ Daniel Brown (September 3, 2012). "Tropical Storm John Discussion Number 5". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  45. ^ "Tropical Depression John Public Advisory Number 6". National Hurricane Center. September 3, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  46. ^ Daniel Brown (September 4, 2012). "Post-Tropical Cyclone John Discussion Number 9". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  47. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP102012_John.pdf
  48. ^ http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/868052.html
  49. ^ Todd Kimberlain (September 9, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  50. ^ Lixion Avila (September 12, 2012). "Tropical Depression Eleven-E Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  51. ^ Eric Blake (September 15, 2012). "Tropical Storm Kristy Discussion Number 15". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  52. ^ http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/lox/
  53. ^ http://www.eluniversal.com.mx/notas/870140.html
  54. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP112012_Kristy.pdf
  55. ^ Lixion Avila (September 13, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  56. ^ Eric Blake (September 14, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  57. ^ Lixion Avila (September 15, 2012). "Tropical Depression Twelve-E Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  58. ^ Lixion Avila (September 15, 2012). "Tropical Storm Lane Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 16, 2012.
  59. ^ Hurricane Lane – Advisory Number 8 – National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  60. ^ Hurricane Lane – Advisory Number 13 – National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 18, 2012.
  61. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP122012_Lane.pdf
  62. ^ Cangialosi, John. "Tropical Depression Thirteen-E Discussion Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  63. ^ Brennan, Michael. "Tropical Storm Miriam Discussion Number 3". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  64. ^ Stewart, Stacy. "Tropical Storm Miriam Discussion Number 6". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  65. ^ Kimberlain, Todd. "Tropical Storm Miriam Discussion Number 8". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  66. ^ Cangialosi, John. "Hurricane Miriam Discussion Number 9". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  67. ^ Stewart, Stacy. "Hurricane Miriam Discussion Number 10". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  68. ^ Kimberlain, Todd. "Hurricane Miriam Discussion Number 11". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  69. ^ Cangialosi, John. "Hurricane Miriam Discussion Number 13". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  70. ^ Blake, Eric. "Tropical Storm Miriam Discussion Number 18". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  71. ^ Roberts, Dave. "Tropical Depression Miriam Discussion Number 24". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  72. ^ Berg, Robbie. "Post-Tropical Cyclone Miriam Discussion Number 25". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  73. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/gtwo/epac/201209272033/index.php?basin=epac&current_issuance=201209272033
  74. ^ John Sullivan. "Microsoft Word - EP132012_Miriam.docx" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-07-15. Retrieved 2013-07-10.
  75. ^ Brown, Dan (September 25, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  76. ^ Beven, Jack (September 26, 2012). "Graphical Tropical Weather Outlook". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 21 October 2012.
  77. ^ Michael Brennan; Dave Roberts (September 28, 2012). "Tropical Storm Norman Public Advisory Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
  78. ^ Berg, Robbie; Lixion Avila. "Tropical Depression Norman Discussion Number 3". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  79. ^ Blake, Eric. "Tropical Depression Norman Discussion Number 4". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  80. ^ Cangialosi, John. "Tropical Depression Norman Discussion Number 5". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  81. ^ Cangialosi, John. "Post-Tropical Cyclone Norman Discussion Number 6". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 29 September 2012.
  82. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/gtwo/epac/201209300600/index.php?basin=epac&current_issuance=201209300600
  83. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP142012_Norman.pdf
  84. ^ a b Avila, Lixion. "Tropical Depression Fifteen-E Discussion Number 1". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  85. ^ a b Cangialosi, John. "Tropical Storm Olivia Discussion Number 2". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  86. ^ Berg, Robbie. "Tropical Storm Olivia Discussion Number 4". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  87. ^ a b Cangialosi, John. "Tropical Storm Olivia Discussion Number 5". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  88. ^ a b Cangialosi, John. "Tropical Storm Olivia Discussion Number 10". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  89. ^ Kimberlain, Todd. "Tropical Depression Olivia Discussion Number 11". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  90. ^ a b Berg, Robbie. "Post-Tropical Cyclone Olivia Discussion Number 12". National Hurricane Center. Retrieved 9 October 2012.
  91. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/text/refresh/MIATWDEP+shtml/
  92. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP152012_Olivia.pdf
  93. ^ Michael Brennan (October 10, 2012). Tropical Weather Outlook (TXT) (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  94. ^ Todd Kimberlain (October 12, 2012). Tropical Weather Outlook (TXT) (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  95. ^ John Cangialosi (October 13, 2012). Tropical Weather Outlook (TXT) (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  96. ^ John Cangialosi (October 13, 2012). Tropical Storm Paul Discussion Number 1 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  97. ^ Chris Landsea; Matt Sardi (October 14, 2012). Tropical Storm Paul Discussion Number 2 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  98. ^ John Cangialosi (October 14, 2012). Tropical Storm Paul Discussion Number 4 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  99. ^ Robbie Berg (October 15, 2012). Tropical Storm Paul Discussion Number 6 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  100. ^ John Cangialosi; Stacy Stewart (October 15, 2012). Hurricane Paul Discussion Number 7 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  101. ^ Todd Kimberlain; Daniel Brown (October 15, 2012). Hurricane Paul Discussion Number 8 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  102. ^ Todd Kimberlain (October 15, 2012). Hurricane Paul Discussion Number 9 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  103. ^ Robbie Berg; Richard Pasch (October 16, 2012). Hurricane Paul Discussion Number 10 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
  104. ^ Jack Beven (October 17, 2012). Hurricane Paul Discussion Number 17 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
  105. ^ Jack Beven (October 17, 2012). Hurricane Paul Discussion Number 18 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
  106. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP162012_Paul.pdf
  107. ^ Haydee Ramirez (October 2012). "Paul damage report" (in Spanish). Terra Mexico. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  108. ^ Berg, Robbie (October 30, 2012). Tropical Depression Seventeen-E Special Discussion Number 1 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  109. ^ Blake, Eric (October 30, 2012). Tropical Storm Rosa Discussion Number 2 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  110. ^ Berg, Robbie (November 1, 2012). Tropical Storm Rosa Discussion Number 9 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  111. ^ Berg, Robbie (November 2, 2012). Tropical Storm Rosa Discussion Number 13 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved November 4, 2012.
  112. ^ Brown, Daniel (November 4, 2012). Post-Tropical Cyclone Rosa Discussion Number 23 (Report). National Hurricane Center. Retrieved November 5, 2012.
  113. ^ http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/data/tcr/EP172012_Rosa.pdf
  1. ^ The totals represent the sum of the squares for every tropical storm's intensity of over 33 knots (38 mph, 61 km/h), divided by 10,000. Calculations are provided at Talk:2012 Pacific hurricane season/ACE calcs.

External links[edit]