Tropical cyclone naming

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This article is about the current and future tropical cyclone lists. For the history of naming, see History of tropical cyclone naming. For previously named storms, see Historic tropical cyclone names.

Tropical cyclones and subtropical cyclones are named by various warning centers to provide ease of communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings. Since the systems can last a week or longer and more than one can be occurring in the same basin at the same time, the names are thought to reduce the confusion about which storm is being described. The practice of using names to identify tropical cyclones goes back many years, with systems named after places or things they hit before the formal start of naming. The credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems is generally given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named systems between 1887 and 1907.

This system of naming weather systems subsequently fell into disuse for several years after Wragge retired, until it was revived in the latter part of World War II for the Western Pacific. Formal naming schemes and naming lists have subsequently been introduced and developed for the North Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Western and Southern Pacific basins as well as the Australian region and Indian Ocean. Names are assigned in order from predetermined lists with one, three, or ten-minute sustained wind speeds of more than 65 km/h (40 mph) depending on which basin it originates. However, standards vary from basin to basin with some tropical depressions named in the Western Pacific, while tropical cyclones have to have a significant amount of gale-force winds occurring around the center before they are named within the Southern Hemisphere.

History[edit]

Tropical cyclone naming institutions
Basin Naming institution Area of responsibility
Northern Hemisphere
North Atlantic
Eastern Pacific
United States National Hurricane Center
United States Central Pacific Hurricane Center
Equator northward, African Coast-140°W
Equator northward, 140°W-180
[1]
Western Pacific Japan Meteorological Agency
PAGASA (Unofficial)
Equator-60°N, 180-100°E
5°N-20°N, 115°E-135°E
[2]
[3]
North Indian Ocean India Meteorological Department Equator northward, 100°E-45°E [4]
Southern Hemisphere
South-West
Indian Ocean
Mauritius Meteorological Services
Météo Madagascar
Equator-40°S, 55°E-90°E
Equator-40°S, African Coast-55°E
[5]
Australian region Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics
Papua New Guinea National Weather Service
Australian Bureau of Meteorology
Equator-10°S, 90°E-141°E
Equator-10°S, 141°E-160°E
10°S-36°S, 90°E-160°E
[6]
Southern Pacific Fiji Meteorological Service
Meteorological Service of New Zealand
Equator-25°S, 160°E-120°W
25°S-40°S, 160°E-120°W
[6]
South Atlantic Brazilian Navy Hydrographic Center (Unofficial) Equator-35°S, Brazilian Coast-20°W [7]

The practice of using names to identify tropical cyclones goes back many years, with systems named after places or things they hit before the formal start of naming.[8] The credit for the first usage of personal names for weather systems is generally given to the Queensland Government Meteorologist Clement Wragge, who named systems between 1887 and 1907.[8] This system of naming weather systems subsequently fell into disuse for several years after Wragge retired, until it was revived in the latter part of World War II for the Western Pacific.[8] Formal naming schemes have subsequently been introduced for the North Atlantic, Eastern, Central, Western and Southern Pacific basins as well as the Australian region and Indian Ocean.[8]

At present tropical cyclones are officially named by one of eleven warning centers and retain their names throughout their lifetimes to provide ease of communication between forecasters and the general public regarding forecasts, watches, and warnings.[9] Since the systems can last a week or longer and more than one can be occurring in the same basin at the same time, the names are thought to reduce the confusion about what storm is being described.[9] Names are assigned in order from predetermined lists with one, three, or ten-minute sustained wind speeds of more than 65 km/h (40 mph) depending on which basin it originates.[1][4][5] However, standards vary from basin to basin with some tropical depressions named in the Western Pacific, while tropical cyclones have to have a significant amount of gale-force winds occurring around the center before they are named within the Southern Hemisphere.[10][5][6]

Any member of the World Meteorological Organization's hurricane, typhoon and tropical cyclone committees, can request that the name of a tropical cyclone be retired or withdrawn from the various tropical cyclone naming lists.[1][2][6] A name is retired or withdrawn if a consensus or majority of members agree that the tropical cyclone has acquired a special notoriety, such as causing a large amount of deaths, damages, impacts or for other special reasons.[1] Any tropical cyclone names assigned by the Papua New Guinea National weather Service are automatically retired regardless of any damage caused.[6] A replacement name is then submitted to the committee concerned and voted upon but these names can be rejected and replaced with another name for various reasons.[1][2] These reasons include the spelling and pronunciation of the name, the similarity to the name of a recent tropical cyclone or on another list of names and the length of the name for modern communication channels such as social media.[1][11] PAGASA also retires the names of significant tropical cyclones, when they have caused at least ₱1 billion in damage and/or have caused at least 300 deaths.[12] There are no names retired within the South-West Indian Ocean, as names are generally not used more than once and fresh naming lists are developed each year.[5][13] Tropical cyclone formation is rare within the Mediterranean Sea and to the east of 120W in the Southern Pacific, as a result there are no naming lists for these areas.

North Atlantic[edit]

Within the North Atlantic Ocean, tropical or subtropical cyclones are named by the National Hurricane Center (NHC/RSMC Miami), when they are judged to have intensified into a tropical storms with winds of at least 34 knots (39 mph; 63 km/h).[1] There are six lists of names which rotate every six years and begin with the first letters A — W used, skipping Q and U, and alternating between male and female names.[1] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired from the lists, with a replacement name selected at the next World Meteorological Organization's Hurricane Committee meeting.[1] If all of the names on a list are used, storms are named after the letters of the Greek alphabet.[1]

Image of Hurricane Joaquin nearing peak strength in early October 2015
List of Atlantic tropical cyclone names
2016
Names Alex Bonnie Colin Danielle Earl Fiona Gaston Hermine Ian Julia Karl
Lisa Matthew Nicole Otto Paula Richard Shary Tobias Virginie Walter
2017
Names Arlene Bret Cindy Don Emily Franklin Gert Harvey Irma Jose Katia
Lee Maria Nate Ophelia Philippe Rina Sean Tammy Vince Whitney
2018
Names Alberto Beryl Chris Debby Ernesto Florence Gordon Helene Isaac Joyce Kirk
Leslie Michael Nadine Oscar Patty Rafael Sara Tony Valerie William
2019
Names Andrea Barry Chantal Dorian Erin Fernand Gabrielle Humberto Imelda Jerry Karen
Lorenzo Melissa Nestor Olga Pablo Rebekah Sebastien Tanya Van Wendy
2020
Names Arthur Bertha Cristobal Dolly Edouard Fay Gonzalo Hanna Isaias Josephine Kyle
Laura Marco Nana Omar Paulette Rene Sally Teddy Vicky Wilfred
2021
Names Ana Bill Claudette Danny Elsa Fred Grace Henri Ida Julian Kate
Larry Mindy Nicholas Odette Peter Rose Sam Teresa Victor Wanda
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[1]

Eastern Pacific Ocean[edit]

Hurricane Patricia in 2015, the most intense system in the East Pacific Basin

Within the Eastern Pacific Ocean there are two warning centers that assign names to tropical cyclones on behalf of the World Meteorological Organization, when they are judged to have intensified into a tropical storm with winds of at least 34 knots (39 mph; 63 km/h).[1] Tropical cyclones that intensify into tropical storms between the coast of Americas and 140°W are named by the National Hurricane Center (NHC/RSMC Miami), while tropical cyclones intensifying into tropical storms between 140°W and 180° are named by the Central Pacific Hurricane Center (CPHC/RSMC Honolulu).[1] Significant tropical cyclones have their names retired from the lists and a replacement name selected at the next World Meteorological Organization Hurricane Committee.[1]

North Pacific east of 140°W[edit]

When a tropical depression intensifies into a tropical storm to the north of the Equator between the coastline of the Americas and 140°W then it will be named by the NHC. There are six lists of names which rotate every six years and begin with the letters A — Z used, with each name being either a male or a female name.[1] The names of significant tropical cyclones are retired from the lists, with a replacement name selected at the next World Meteorological Organization's Hurricane Committee.[1] If all of the names on a list are used, storms are named using the letters of the Greek alphabet.[1]

List of Eastern Pacific tropical cyclone names
2016
Names Agatha Blas Celia Darby Estelle Frank Georgette Howard Ivette Javier Kay Lester
Madeline Newton Orlene Paine Roslyn Seymour Tina Virgil Winifred Xavier Yolanda Zeke
2017
Names Adrian Beatriz Calvin Dora Eugene Fernanda Greg Hilary Irwin Jova Kenneth Lidia
Max Norma Otis Pilar Ramon Selma Todd Veronica Wiley Xina York Zelda
2018
Names Aletta Bud Carlotta Daniel Emilia Fabio Gilma Hector Ileana John Kristy Lane
Miriam Norman Olivia Paul Rosa Sergio Tara Vicente Willa Xavier Yolanda Zeke
2019
Names Alvin Barbara Cosme Dalila Erick Flossie Gil Henriette Ivo Juliette Kiko Lorena
Mario Narda Octave Priscilla Raymond Sonia Tico Velma Wallis Xina York Zelda
2020
Names Amanda Boris Cristina Douglas Elida Fausto Genevieve Hernan Iselle Julio Karina Lowell
Marie Norbert Odalys Polo Rachel Simon Trudy Vance Winnie Xavier Yolanda Zeke
2021
Names Andres Blanca Carlos Dolores Enrique Felicia Guillermo Hilda Ignacio Jimena Kevin Linda
Marty Nora Olaf Pamela Rick Sandra Terry Vivian Waldo Xina York Zelda
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[1]
Hurricane Pali, the most recent system developed in the area, became the earliest named system in the basin in January 2016

Central North Pacific (140°W to 180°)[edit]

When a tropical depression intensifies into a tropical storm to the north of the Equator between 140°W and 180° it is named by the CPHC.[1] Four lists of Hawaiian names are maintained by the World Meteorological Organization's hurricane committee, rotating without regard to year, with the first name for a new year being the next name in sequence that was not used the previous year.[1] Significant tropical cyclones have their names retired from the lists, with a replacement name selected at the next Hurricane Committee meeting.[1]

List of Central Pacific tropical cyclone names
List Names
1 Akoni Ema Hone Iona Keli Lala Moke Nolo Olana Pena Ulana Wale
2 Aka Ekeka Hene Iolana Keoni Lino Mele Nona Oliwa Pama Upana Wene
3 Alika Ele Huko Iopa Kika Lana Maka Neki Omeka Pewa Unala Wali
4 Ana Ela Halola Iune Kilo Loke Malia Niala Oho Pali Ulika Walaka
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[1]

Western Pacific Ocean (180° to 100°E)[edit]

Typhoon Goni approaching the Philippines in August 2015

Tropical cyclones that occur within the Northern Hemisphere between the anti-meridian and 100°E, are officially named by the Japan Meteorological Agency when they become tropical storms.[2] However, PAGASA also names tropical cyclones that occur or develop into tropical depressions, within their self-defined area of responsibility between 5°N–25°N and 115°E-135°E.[10] This often results in tropical cyclones in the region having two names.[10]

International names[edit]

Tropical cyclones within the Western Pacific are assigned international names by the JMA, when they become a tropical storm with 10-minute sustained winds of at least 34 kn (39 mph; 63 km/h).[2] The names are used sequentiality without regard to year and are taken from five lists of names that were prepared by the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee, after each of the 14 members submitted 10 names in 1998.[2] The order of the names to be used was determined, by placing the English name of the member in alphabetical order.[2] Members of the committee are allowed to request the retirement or replacement of a systems name, if it causes extensive destruction or for other reasons such as number of deaths.[2]

List of Western Pacific tropical cyclone names
List Contributing nation
Cambodia China North Korea
(DPRK)
Hong Kong Japan Laos Macau Malaysia Micronesia Philippines South Korea
(ROK)
Thailand United States Vietnam
1 Damrey Haikui Kirogi Kai-tak Tembin Bolaven Sanba Jelawat Ewiniar Maliksi Gaemi Prapiroon Maria Son-Tinh
Ampil Wukong Jongdari Shanshan Yagi Leepi Bebinca Rumbia Soulik Cimaron Jebi Mangkhut Barijat Trami
2 Kong-rey Yutu Toraji Man-yi Usagi Pabuk Wutip Sepat Mun Danas Nari Wipha Francisco Lekima
Krosa Bailu Podul Lingling Kajiki Faxai Peipah Tapah Mitag Hagibis Neoguri Bualoi Matmo Halong
3 Nakri Fengshen Kalmaegi Fung-Wong Kammuri Phanfone Vongfong Nuri Sinlaku Hagupit Jangmi Mekkhala Higos Bavi
Maysak Haishen Noul Dolphin Kujira Chan-hom Linfa Nangka Soudelor[nb 1] Molave Goni Atsani Etau Vamco
4 Krovanh Dujuan Mujigae[nb 2] Choi-wan Koppu[nb 3] Champi In-fa Melor[nb 4] Nepartak Lupit Mirinae Nida Omais Conson
Chanthu Dianmu Mindulle Lionrock Kompasu Namtheun Malou Meranti Rai Malakas Megi Chaba Aere Songda
5 Sarika Haima Meari Ma-on Tokage Nock-ten Muifa Merbok Nanmadol Talas Noru Kulap Roke Sonca
Nesat Haitang Nalgae Banyan Hato Pakhar Sanvu Mawar Guchol Talim Doksuri Khanun Lan Saola
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[2][15]

Philippines[edit]

Typhoon Hanna (Soudelor) approaching Taiwan in August 2015

Since 1963, PAGASA has independently operated its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones, that occur within its own self-defined Philippine Area of Responsibility.[16][10] The names are taken from four different lists of 25 names and are assigned, when a system moves into or develops into a tropical depression within PAGASAs self-defined area of responsibility.[16][10] The four lists of names are rotated every four years, with the names of significant tropical cyclones retired, should they have caused at least 1 billion in damage and or at least 300 deaths within the Philippines.[16][17] Should the list of names for a given year be exhausted, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first ten of which are published every year.[16]

List of Philippine region tropical cyclone names
2016
Main Ambo Butchoy Carina Dindo Enteng Ferdie Gener Helen Igme Julian Karen Lawin Marce
Nina Ofel Pepito Quinta Rolly Siony Tonyo Ulysses Vicky Warren Yoyong Zosimo
Auxiliary Alakdan Baldo Clara Dencio Estong Felipe Gomer Heling Ismael Julio
2017
Main Auring Bising Crising Dante Emong Fabian Gorio Huaning Isang Jolina Kiko Lannie Maring
Nando Odette Paolo Quedan Ramil Salome Tino Urduja Vinta Wilma Yasmin Zoraida
Auxiliary Alamid Bruno Conching Dolor Ernie Florante Gerardo Hernan Isko Jerome
2018
Main Agaton Basyang Caloy Domeng Ester Florita Gardo Henry Inday Josie Karding Luis Maymay
Neneng Ompong Paeng Queenie Rosita Samuel Tomas Usman Venus Waldo Yayang Zeny
Auxiliary Agila Bagwis Chito Diego Elena Felino Gunding Harriet Indang Jessa
2019
Main Amang Betty Chedeng Dodong Egay Falcon Goring Hanna Ineng Jenny Kabayan Liwayway Marilyn
Nimfa Onyok Perla Quiel Ramon Sarah Tisoy Ursula Viring Weng Yoyoy Zigzag
Auxiliary Abe Berto Charo Dado Estoy Felion Gening Herman Irma Jaime
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[16]

North Indian Ocean (45°E – 100°E)[edit]

Cyclone Chapala over in the Arabian Sea at peak strength during late-October 2015

Within the North Indian Ocean between 45°E – 100°E, tropical cyclones are named by the India Meteorological Department (IMD/RSMC New Delhi), when they are judged to have intensified into a cyclonic storm with 3-minute sustained wind speeds of at least 34 knots (39 mph; 63 km/h).[18] There are eight lists of names which are used in sequence and are not rotated every few years, however, the names of significant tropical cyclones are retired.[19]

List of Northern Indian Ocean tropical cyclone names
List Contributing nation
Bangladesh India Maldives Myanmar Oman Pakistan Sri Lanka Thailand
1 Onil Agni Hibaru Pyarr Baaz Fanoos Mala Mukda
2 Ogni Akash Gonu Yemyin Sidr Nargis Rashmi Khai Muk
3 Nisha Bijli Aila Phyan Ward Laila Bandu Phet
4 Giri Jal Keila Thane Murjan Nilam Viyaru Phailin
5 Helen Lehar Madi Nanauk Hudhud Nilofar Ashobaa Komen
6 Chapala Megh Roanu Kyant Nada Vardah Maarutha Mora
7 Ockhi Sagar Mekunu Daye Luban Titli Gaja Phethai
8 Fani Vayu Hikaa Kyarr Maha Bulbul Pawan Amphan
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[18]

South-West Indian Ocean (Africa – 90°E)[edit]

Cyclone Fantala at peak strength in April 2016, the strongest tropical cyclone within the basin in terms of sustained winds

Within the South-West Indian Ocean in the Southern Hemisphere between Africa and 90°E, a tropical or subtropical disturbance is named, when it is judged to have intensified into a tropical storms with winds of at least 34 knots (39 mph; 63 km/h).[5][13] This is defined as being when gales are either observed or estimated to be present near a significant portion of the systems center.[5] Systems are named in conjunction with Météo-France Reunion by either Météo Madagascar or the Mauritius Meteorological Service.[5] If a disturbance reaches the naming stage between Africa and 55°E then Météo Madagascar will name it, while if it reaches the naming stage between 55°E and 90°E then the Mauritius Meteorological Service names it.[5] The names are taken from three pre-determined lists of names, which rotate on a triennial basis, with any names that have been used automatically removed.[20] The names that are going to be used during a season are selected in advance, by the World Meteorological Organization's RA I Tropical Cyclone Committeem from names submitted by member countries.[5]

List of South–West Indian Ocean tropical cyclone names
2016–17
Names Abela Bransby Carlos Dineo Enawo Fernando Gabekile Herold Irondo Jeruto Kundai Lisebo Michel
Nousra Olivier Pokera Quincy Rebaone Salama Tristan Ursula Violet Wilson Xila Yekela Zania
2017–18
Names Ava Berguitta Cebile Dumazile Eliakim Fakir Guambe Habana Iman Jobo Kanga Ludzi Melina
Nathan Onais Pelagie Quamar Rita Solani Tarik Urilia Vuyane Wagner Xusa Yarona Zacarias
2018–19
Names Alcide Bouchra Cilida Desmond Eketsang Funani Gelena Haleh Idai Joaninha Kenneth Lorna Maipelo
Njazi Oscar Pamela Quentin Rajab Savana Themba Uyapo Viviane Walter Xangy Yemurai Zanele
Sources of names.[13][21]

Australian Region (90°E – 160°E)[edit]

Within the Australian region in the Southern Hemisphere between 90°E – 160°E, a tropical cyclone is named when observations and/or Dvorak intensity analysis indicate that a system has gale force or stronger winds near the center which are forecast to continue.[6] The Indonesian Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika names systems that develop between the Equator and 10°S and 90°E and 141°E, while Papua New Guinea's National Weather Service names systems that develop between the Equator and 10°S and 141°E and 160°E.[6] Outside of these areas the Australian Bureau of Meteorology names systems that develop into tropical cyclones.[6] The name assigned to a tropical cyclone that causes loss of life and/or significant damage and disruption to the way of life of a community, then the name assigned to that cyclone is retired from the list of names for the region.[6] A replacement name is then submitted to the next World Meteorological Organization's RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee meeting.[6][11]

Indonesia[edit]

The most recent named system by TCWC Jakarta, Cyclone Bakung, in December 2014

If a system intensifies into a tropical cyclone between the Equator-10°S and 90°E-141°E, it will be named by the Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika (BMKG/TCWC Jakarta).[6] Names are assigned in sequence from list A, while list B details names that will replace names on list A that are retired or removed for other reasons.[6]

List of Indonesian tropical cyclone names
List A
Anggrek Bakung Cempaka Dahlia Flamboyan Kenanga Lili Mangga Seroja Teratai
List B
Anggur Belimbing Duku Jambu Lengkeng Melati Nangka Pisang Rambutan Sawo
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[6][22]

Papua New Guinea[edit]

List of Papua New Guinea tropical cyclone names
List A
Alu Buri Dodo Emau Fere Hibu Ila Kama Lobu Maila
List B
Nou Obaha Paia Ranu Sabi Tau Ume Vali Wau Auram
Source for tropical cyclone names.[6]

If a system intensifies into a tropical cyclone between the Equator – 10°S and 141°E – 160°E, then it will be named by Papua New Guinea National Weather Service (NWS, TCWC Port Moresby).[6] Names are assigned in sequence from list A and are automatically retired after being used regardless of any damage caused.[6] List B contains names that will replace names on list A that are retired or removed for other reasons.[6] Tropical Cyclones forming within the area are rare, thus the last named system used from this list was in 2007.

Australia[edit]

Cyclone Tatiana over in the border of the Australian region and South Pacific basins in February 2016

When a system develops into a tropical cyclone below 10°S between 90°E and 160°E, then it will be named by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) which operates three Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres in Perth, Darwin, or Brisbane.[6] The names are assigned in alphabetical order and used in rotating order without regard to year.[6][11]

List of Australian tropical cyclone names
List A
Names Anika Billy Charlotte Dominic Ellie Freddy Gabrielle Herman Ilsa Jasper Kirrily
Lincoln Megan Neville Olga Paul Robyn Sean Tasha Vince Zelia ------
List B
Names Anthony Bianca Courtney Dianne Errol Fina Grant Hayley Iggy Jenna Koji
Luana Mitchell Narelle Osamu Peta Rubina[nb 5] Sandra Tim Victoria Zane ------
List C
Names Alessia Bruce Catherine Dylan Edna Fletcher Gillian Hadi Ivana Jack Kate
Lam[nb 6] Marcia[nb 7] Nathan Olwyn Quang Raquel Stan Tatiana Uriah Yvette ------
List D
Names Alfred Blanche Caleb Debbie Ernie Frances Greg Hilda Isobel[nb 8] Joyce Kelvin
Linda Marcus Nora Owen Penny Riley Savannah Trevor Veronica Wallace ------
List E
Names Ann Blake Claudia Damien Esther Ferdinand Gretel Harold Imogen Joshua Kimi
Lucas Marian Noah Odette Paddy Ruby Seth Tiffany Vernon ------ -----
Sources for tropical cyclone names.[6][11]

Southern Pacific Ocean (160°E – 120°W)[edit]

Image of Cyclone Winston affecting Fiji as an extremely severe cyclone in February 2016

Within the Southern Pacific basin in the Southern Hemisphere between 160°E – 120°W, a tropical cyclone is named when observations and/or Dvorak intensity analysis indicate that a system has gale force or stronger winds near the center which are forecast to continue.[6] The Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS/RSMC Nadi) names systems that located between the Equator and 25°S, while the Meteorological Service of New Zealand (MetService, TCWC Wellington) names systems in conjunction with RSMC Nadi that are located to the south of 25°S.[6] If a tropical cyclone causes loss of life and/or significant damage and disruption to the way of life of a community, then the name assigned to that cyclone is retired from the list of names for the region.[6] A replacement name is then submitted to the next World Meteorological Organization's RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee meeting.[6] The name of a tropical cyclone is determined by using Lists A — D in order, without regard to year before restarting with List A.[6]

List of South Pacific tropical cyclone names
List A
Names Ana Bina Cody Dovi Eva Fili Gina Hagar Irene Judy Kerry Lola Mal
Nat Olo Pita Rae Sheila Tam Urmil Vaianu Wati Xavier Yani Zita
List B
Names Arthur Becky Chip Denia Elisa Fotu Glen Hettie Innis Joni Ken Lin Moses
Nisha Opeti Pearl Rene Sarah Troy ------ Vanessa Wano ------ Yvonne Zaka
List C
Names Alvin Bune Cyril Daphne Eden Florin Garry Haley Isa June Kofi Louise Mike
Niko Ola Pam Reuben Solo Tuni Ula Victor Winston ------ Yalo Zena
List D
Names Amos Bart Colin Donna Ella Frank Gita Hali Iris Jo Kala Leo Mona
Neil Oma Pami Rita Sarai Tino ------ Vicky Wiki ------ Yolande Zazu
List E (Standby)
Names Aru Bela Cook Dean ------ ------ Garth Hart ------ Julie Kevin ------ ------
------ ------ Pearl Rex Suki Troy ------ Velma Wanita ------ Yates Zidane
Source for tropical cyclone names.[6][23]

South Atlantic[edit]

When a significant tropical or subtropical cyclone exists in the South Atlantic Ocean, the Brazilian Navy Hydrographic Center's Serviço Meteorológico Marinho names the system using a predetermined list of names.[7] The next name that will be used within this basin is Deni.[7]

List of South Atlantic tropical cyclone names
Names Arani Bapo Cari Deni Eçaí Guará Iba Jaguar Kamby Mani
Source for tropical cyclone names.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The name Soudelor was retired after Typhoon Soudelor (2015), but no name has been selected to replace the name.[14]
  2. ^ The name Mujigae was retired after Typhoon Mujigae (2015), but no name has been selected to replace the name.[14]
  3. ^ The name Koppu was retired after Typhoon Koppu (2015), but no name has been selected to replace the name.[14]
  4. ^ The name Melor was retired after Typhoon Melor (2015), but no name has been selected to replace the name.[14]
  5. ^ The name Rubina is scheduled to be replaced.[11]
  6. ^ The name Lam is scheduled to be replaced.[11]
  7. ^ The name Marcia is scheduled to be replaced.[11]
  8. ^ The name Isobel is scheduled to be replaced.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v RA IV Hurricane Committee (March 13, 2015). Regional Association IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) Hurricane Operational Plan 2015 (PDF) (Report No. TCP-30). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 30–31, 101–105. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i WMO/ESCP Typhoon Committee (March 13, 2015). Typhoon Committee Operational Manual Meteorological Component 2015 (PDF) (Report No. TCP-23). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 1–7, 33–34. Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  3. ^ Padua, David M.V (July 16, 2004). "Tropical Cyclone Terminologies & Other Weather Definitions". Typhoon2000. Retrieved May 19, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b RSMC — Tropical Cyclones New Delhi (2010). Report on Cyclonic Disturbances over North Indian Ocean during 2009 (Report). India Meteorological Department. pp. 2–3. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2010. Retrieved May 24, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i RA I Tropical Cyclone Committee (November 9, 2012). Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South-West Indian Ocean: 2012 (PDF) (Report No. TCP-12). World Meteorological Organization. pp. 13–14. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. Retrieved March 29, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z RA V Tropical Cyclone Committee (5 May 2015). Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the South-East Indian Ocean and the Southern Pacific Ocean 2014 (PDF) (Report). World Meteorological Organization. pp. I–4 – II–9 (9–21). Archived from the original on September 4, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Normas Da Autoridade Marítima Para As Atividades De Meteorologia Marítima" (in Portuguese). Brazilian Navy. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d Dorst, Neal M (October 23, 2012). "They Called the Wind Mahina: The History of Naming Cyclones" (PPTX). Hurricane Research Division, Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Slides 8–72. 
  9. ^ a b Landsea, Christopher W; Dorst, Neal M (June 1, 2014). "Subject: Tropical Cyclone Names: B1) How are tropical cyclones named?". Tropical Cyclone Frequently Asked Question. United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Hurricane Research Division. Archived from the original on March 29, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "Philippine Tropical cyclone names". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Retrieved November 18, 2015. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h "Tropical Cyclone Names". Australian Bureau of Meteorology. November 10, 2014. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  12. ^ "PAGASA replaces names of 2014 destructive typhoons" (Press release). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. February 5, 2015. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 30, 2015. 
  13. ^ a b c La Reunion Tropical Cyclone Centre (August 31, 2015). "How are the names chosen?". Météo-France. Archived from the original on September 1, 2015. Retrieved September 1, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d The Typhoon Committee (March 16, 2016). "WMO facilitates use of new Himawari-8 satellite data". Facebook. Retrieved March 16, 2016. 
  15. ^ RSMC Tokyo-Typhoon Center (March 7, 2016). "List of names for tropical cyclones adopted by the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee for the western North Pacific and the South China Sea (valid as of 2016): Names of tropical cyclones". Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved September 4, 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "Philippine Tropical cyclone names". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Retrieved January 20, 2016. 
  17. ^ "PAGASA replaces Tropical Cyclone "Lando" to "Liwayway"" (Press release). Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration. Archived from the original on November 4, 2015. Retrieved November 4, 2015. 
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