2021 Ethiopian general election
All 547 seats in the House of Peoples' Representatives
274 seats needed for a majority
General elections were supposed to be held in Ethiopia on 29 August 2020 to elect officials to the House of Peoples' Representatives, but were delayed, due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Regional and municipal council elections were also planned to be held at the same time around the country. In May the sitting House of Representatives voted to postpone the election until 2021. In late December 2020, the National Election Board of Ethiopia (NEBE) stated that it would take place on 5 June 2021, before being delayed to 21 June. It will be the first multi-party election in Ethiopia since 2005.
The Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, along with three out of the four member parties of the political coalition which had dominated Ethiopian politics since the overthrow of the Derg regime in 1991, namely Amhara Democratic Party (ADP), Oromo Democratic Party (ODP) and Southern Ethiopian People's Democratic Movement (SEPDM), was dissolved on 1 December 2019. Most of its member parties were merged into the Prosperity Party, which inherited the EPRDF's role as the governing party. The last leader of the EPRDF, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, became the new party's first leader.
Bekele Gerba and Jawar Mohammed were imprisoned on 30 June 2020 following the crackdown by the government following Hachalu Hundessa’s murder. On 19 September 2020, both were charged with terrorism. Jawar denied the charges and claimed the arrests were politically motivated. Both Bekele and Jawar are members of the Oromo Federalist Congress (OFC). The Oromo Liberation Front is also boycotting the election with both parties claiming that the results will be rigged under the Prime Minister. Both parties were planning to participate but have officially withdrawn from the election due to their boycott.
This section may require copy editing. (June 2021)
The upcoming election is overshadowed by a war and a myriad of massacres in various parts of the country.
Metekel is a district in northwestern Ethiopia where targeted ethnic massacres have been happening regularly in the past three years. The massacres  have been deemed to be as genocidal acts by some where formal investigation is being conducted in order to bring the perpetrators and their chain of command to trial.
Shashamane is a town south of Addis Ababa and was the scene of a massacre where Orthodox Christians and ethnic Amharas were targeted. The violence was triggered by the murder of singer Hachalu Hundessa in Addis Ababa. An umbrella humanitarian organization, OTAGE, has engaged a legal firm, specialising in international crimes, to bring those responsible to justice.
Mai Kadra is a small town in northwestern Ethiopia where a massacre was perpetrated against the civilian population based on their Amhara ethnicity. The atrocities are alleged to have been perpetrated by militia linked to TPLF.
The Tigray People's Liberation Front (TPLF), the dominant component of the EPRDF, was the only constituent party that did not merge into the new Prosperity Party. In September 2020, Tigray Region held regional election that the government of Ethiopia deemed illegal.
Attacks on 4 November 2020 by Tigray regional security forces on the headquarters of the Northern Command of the Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF) belonging to the Government of Ethiopia led to armed conflict in the Tigray region. In late November and in December, the Tigray Region government was replaced by the Transitional Government of Tigray. TPLF was then dissolved by NEBE.
Parties and coalitions
|Party||Main ideologies||Political position||Leader||Current seats|
|Prosperity Party||Civic nationalism
|Ethiopian Citizens for Social Justice||Liberalism
|Medrek||Social democracy||Centre-left||Merera Gudina|
|Ogaden National Liberation Front||Somali nationalism||Centre-left||Mohammed Omar Osman|
|National Movement of Amhara||Amhara nationalism||Right-wing||Belete Molla|
|All Ethiopian Unity Party||Federalism||Centre-right||Mamushet Amare|
|Balderas Party||Conservative liberalism
Addis Ababa localism
In addition to the Tigray War, there have also been reports of delays in both constituencies and entire regions due to security concerns and logistics.
On May 22, the National Election Board of Ethiopia announced that 40 constituencies in six regions will not hold elections on the same day, but rather later date. According to the Board, this was from a lack of voter registration, logistical issues, and security problems in many constituencies.
On June 6, the National Election Board further stated that due to irregularities in printing ballot papers, the elections in the Harari region and the Somali region will be held in a second round on September 6. This also came when the board announced voting would not take place in the war-torn Tigray Region. Combined, these regions constitute 63 out of 547 seats.
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