2nd Queen Victoria's Own Rajput Light Infantry
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|2nd Queen Victoria's Own Rajput Light Infantry|
|Part of||Bengal Army (to 1895),
|Colors||Red; faced buff, 1879 blue.|
|Colonel-in-Chief||King Edward VII (1904)|
|Brigadier-General F. A. Smith (1921)|
The 2nd Queen Victoria's Own Rajput Light Infantry, commonly shortened to 2nd Rajputs, was a regiment of the British Indian Army, with an origin in 1798 and amalgamated with five other Rajput regiments in 1922.
The British East India Company raised a 2nd Battalion for the 15th Regiment of Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) in 1798. As such, it fought at Delhi, Laswari, Deeg, and Bharatpur. For its service under General Lake during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, the battalion was granted an honorary colour; an additional jemadar was employed on its strength to carry it.
The battalion was separated from the 15th in 1828, to form the 31st Bengal Native Infantry. Its first campaign as a regiment was in 1839, in the First Anglo-Afghan War. The regiment fought at Kalat, a fortress captured on 13 November. Three battle honours were awarded during the Second Anglo-Sikh War, two for the battles of Chillianwala and Gujarat.
In the Indian rebellion of 1857, the regiment did not mutiny and fought in the Central India Campaign. Almost the entire Bengal Army had mutinied and in the ensuing disbandment of its regiments, the 31st became the second most senior. When Queen Victoria became Empress of India in 1876, the regiment became the 2nd (Queen's Own) Regiment of Bengal Native Light Infantry. The regimental badge worn until 1923 comprised a brass bugle with the number 2 between the strings.
The regiment later served in the Second Afghan War and contributed to the international force that intervened in the Boxer Rebellion of 1900. Two additional battalions were raised during the First World War, the 2nd in 1917 and the 3rd in 1918. The regiment served in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Afghanistan.
Reorganisation of the Indian Army in 1922 resulted in its amalgamation with the 4th, 7th, 8th, 11th, and 16th Rajputs, to form the 7th Rajput Regiment. The 2nd Rajputs, upon becoming the 1st Battalion, retained its title, albeit as a subtitle. After India's independence, the battalion was elevated to "Guard" status and transferred to the Brigade of the Guards as its 4th Battalion.
Notable members of the regiment
- Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa
- Field Marshal Sir Henry Wylie Norman
- Major-General Corrie Hudson
- British Empire: Armed Forces: Units: Indian Infantry: 2nd Rajput Light Infantry
- John Gaylor,Sons of John Company, ISBN 0-946771-98-7; p. 326
- Sumner, Ian (2001). The Indian Army 1914-1947. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1-84176-196-6.
- Barthorp, Michael (1979), Indian Infantry Regiments, 1860-1914, Osprey ISBN 0-85045-307-0
- "Bharat Rakshak - Brigade of the Guards". bharat-rakshak.com. Archived from the original on 11 April 2009.
- Bharat Rakshak - The Rajput Regiment
- "The Long Long Trail (1914-18) - 1st (Peshawar) Division". 1914-1918.net. Archived from the original on 7 October 2008.
- "The Long Long Trail (1914-18) - 7th (Meerut) Division". 1914-1918.net. Archived from the original on 24 July 2008.
- "2nd Queen Victoria's Own Rajput Light Infantry". Regiments.org. Archived from the original on 12 February 2007.