383d Fighter Squadron

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383d Fighter Squadron
383d Fighter Squadron - Emblem - World War II.png
Emblem of the 383d Fighter Squadron
Active 1943–1945
Country United States
Branch United States Army Air Forces
Type Fighter
Lockheed P-38J-10-LO Lightning, 42-67978 (N2-K). "Betty A III" flown by Lt. Loren R. Wilson, 383d Fighter Squadron. Later transferred to 370th FG, 401st FS. Crashed near Rouffignac, France August 28, 1944
P-51s of the 383d Fighter Squadron at RAF Honington, England, 1944.

The 383d Fighter Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with 364th Fighter Group stationed at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey.

History[edit]

The 383rd Fighter Squadron, organized and trained in California in 1943, was assigned to the 364th Fighter Group. It arrived England in February 1944 and was assigned to VIII Fighter Command at RAF Honington, East Anglia.

It initially flew escort, dive-bombing, strafing and patrol missions in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. It initially operated primarily as an escort for B-17/B-24 Liberator heavy bombers.

It patrolled the English Channel during the Normandy invasion in June 1944, and, while continuing escort operations, supported ground forces in France after the invasion by strafing and bombing locomotives, marshalling yards, bridges, barges and other targets. It switched from P-38 aircraft to P-51C/D Mustangs in the summer of 1944, and from then until the end of the war flew many long-range missions, escorting heavy bombers that attacked oil refineries, industries and other strategic objectives in Berlin, Regensburg, Merseburg, Stuttgart, Brussels and elsewhere. It also flew air-sea rescue missions, engaged in patrol activities, and continued to support ground forces as the battle line moved through France and into Germany.

The squadron demobilized in England during the late summer and fall of 1945, and its personnel returned to the United States. It was officially inactivated in November, 1945.

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted 383d Fighter Squadron on 25 May 1943
Activated on 1 June 1943
Inactivated on 10 November 1945 at Camp Kilmer, New Jersey

Assignments[edit]

Assigned Fuselage Code: N2

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.