430 BC

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Millennium: 1st millennium BC
430 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 430 BC
Ab urbe condita 324
Ancient Egypt era XXVII dynasty, 96
- Pharaoh Artaxerxes I of Persia, 36
Ancient Greek era 87th Olympiad, year 3
Assyrian calendar 4321
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −1022
Berber calendar 521
Buddhist calendar 115
Burmese calendar −1067
Byzantine calendar 5079–5080
Chinese calendar 庚戌(Metal Dog)
2267 or 2207
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
2268 or 2208
Coptic calendar −713 – −712
Discordian calendar 737
Ethiopian calendar −437 – −436
Hebrew calendar 3331–3332
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −373 – −372
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2671–2672
Holocene calendar 9571
Iranian calendar 1051 BP – 1050 BP
Islamic calendar 1083 BH – 1082 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1904
Minguo calendar 2341 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1897
Thai solar calendar 113–114
Tibetan calendar 阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
−303 or −684 or −1456
    — to —
(female Iron-Pig)
−302 or −683 or −1455

Year 430 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Crassus and Iullus (or, less frequently, year 324 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 430 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • The army of Sparta loots Attica for a second time, but Pericles is not daunted and refuses to revise his initial strategy. Unwilling to engage the Spartan army in battle, he again leads a naval expedition to plunder the coasts of the Peloponnesus, this time taking 100 Athenian ships with him.
  • Potidaea finally capitulates to the siege by Athenian forces in the winter.
  • An outbreak of a plague hits Athens and the disease ravages the densely packed city (modern DNA analyses of material from ancient cemeteries suggest the mortal disease may have been typhus). The plague wipes out over 30,000 citizens, sailors and soldiers as well as Pericles' two sons. Roughly one quarter of the Athenian population dies. The fear of plague is so widespread that the Spartan invasion of Attica is abandoned, their troops being unwilling to risk contact with the diseased enemy.
  • Pericles becomes ill from the plague but he recovers, temporarily. He is deposed from his position as General (or Strategos), but is later reappointed.

By topic[edit]


Oedipus the king was first performed in Athens


  • Xenophon, Greek historian, soldier, mercenary and an admirer of Socrates (d. 354 BC)