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|Centuries:||1st century BC – 1st century – 2nd century|
|Decades:||10s 20s 30s – 40s – 50s 60s 70s|
|Years:||43 44 45 – 46 – 47 48 49|
|46 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||799|
|Chinese calendar||乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
2742 or 2682
— to —
丙午年 (Fire Horse)
2743 or 2683
|Coptic calendar||−238 – −237|
|- Vikram Samvat||102–103|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3147–3148|
|Iranian calendar||576 BP – 575 BP|
|Islamic calendar||594 BH – 593 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1866 before ROC
|Seleucid era||357/358 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||588–589|
Year 46 (XLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Asiaticus and Silanus (or, less frequently, year 799 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 46 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Consuls are Decimus Valerius Asiaticus and Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus.
- The settlement at Celje gets municipal rights and is named municipium Claudia Celeia.
- Dobruja is annexed into Roman Moesia.
- A census shows that there are more than 6,000,000 Roman citizens.
- After the death of its king, Thracia becomes a Roman province.
- Rome and its northeast border are reunited by the Danube Road.
- A drought and an invasion of locusts hit the Mongolian steppes, causing a famine and a revolt at Xiongnu.