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|475 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1228|
|Balinese saka calendar||396–397|
|Chinese calendar||甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)|
3171 or 3111
— to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
3172 or 3112
|- Vikram Samvat||531–532|
|- Shaka Samvat||396–397|
|- Kali Yuga||3575–3576|
|Iranian calendar||147 BP – 146 BP|
|Islamic calendar||152 BH – 151 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1437 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||786/787 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1017–1018|
601 or 220 or −552
— to —
602 or 221 or −551
Year 475 (CDLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Zeno without colleague (or, less frequently, year 1228 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 475 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- January 9 – Emperor Zeno abdicates under pressure, as his wife's uncle Basiliscus stages a coup d'état at Constantinople, with support from Zeno's trusted adviser and fellow Isaurian Illus. Basiliscus usurps the throne and is proclaimed new emperor (Augustus) of the Eastern Roman Empire. He begins a 20-month reign; Zeno and his supporters flee to Isauria.
- April 9 – Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, promoting the Miaphysite christological position. The religious views will make him highly unpopular.
- Summer – Emperor Julius Nepos grants the Visigoth king Euric legal tenure of his conquests, which include Provence (region of Gaul), in exchange for full independence.
- August 28 – Magister Militum Orestes takes control of the government in Ravenna and forces Julius Nepos to flee to Dalmatia.
- October 31 – Romulus Augustus is installed as emperor by his father Orestes, who becomes regent in effect of the Western Roman Empire. Augustus would ultimately rule for 9 months as the last emperor of the Western Empire.
- Bodhidharma, Buddhist monk, travels to China and begins teachings of the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra (approximate date).
- Gongju becomes the capital of Baekje, and is threatened by Goguryeo who conquers the Han River valley (Korea).
- A Bodhisattva (detail of a wall painting in the Ajanta Caves) in Maharashtra (India) of the Gupta period) is made (approximate date).
- The compilation of the Babylonian Talmud, the source of the majority of Jewish Halakha, is completed.
- Church of Saint Simeon Stylites consecrated in Syria.
- May 27 – Eutropius, bishop of Orange
- Flavius Magnus, Roman consul
- Gaero, king of Baekje (Korea)
- Mamertus, bishop of Vienne
- Tonantius Ferreolus, praetorian prefect