Abd as-Salam ibn Mashish al-Alami

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Mulay

Abd as-Salam ibn Mashish al-Alami
عبد السلام إبن مشيش العلمي
TitleNour ad-Addin
نور الدين
Personal
Born1140
Beni Arrous, Near Tangiers
Died1227
Jabal Alam, South of Tétouan.
Resting placeShrine of Moulay Abdeslam, south of Tétouan.
ReligionIslam
EthnicityArab
DenominationSunni
JurisprudenceMaliki
Muslim leader
Disciple ofAbu Madyan

ʻAbd al-Salām ibn Mashīsh al-ʻAlamī (Arabic: عبد السلام بن مشيش العلمي‎) (also spelled Ibn Bashīsh, Ibn Manish, Ibn Machich, Ben Mshish) was a Moroccan Sufi saint who lived during the reign of the Almohad dynasty. He was born in the region of Beni Aross near Tanger and lived from 1140 to 1227 AD.[1] At one point in his life he withdrew to the mountain Jabal al-ʻAlam, near Larache, where his mausoleum now is situated. He was the spiritual guide of Abu-l-Hassan ash-Shadhili, his only disciple. His spiritual master is Abdu-Rahman Al Madani Al Atthar also known as Zayyad.[2]. He is one of the great formulators of Moroccan Sufism along with Abul Mahasin Abu Abdallah Mohammed Amghar and Sidi Ali ibn Harzihim. His spiritual legacy is connected with that of Al-Dakkak and Abu Madyan. He is the ancestor of Moulay Ali ibn Rashid, founder of Chefchaouen.[3]

He was a Sharifian, a descendant of Hasan ibn Ali[4]

Works[edit]

He is the author of a collection of reflections about religious and political life in his time and of a famous eulogy of the prophet Mohammed (taṣliyah) on which a commentary was written by Ahmad ibn Ajiba. He also wrote a metaphysical paraphrase of a widely known prayer, called al-Salat al-Mashishiyah, in which the believer calls on God to bless the Prophet to thank him for having received Islam through him. In it, Ibn Mashish sees in the prophet Muhammad as an expression of the one Spirit from which all revelation comes and which is the eternal mediator between the ungraspable Godhead and the world. He also gave the Islamic world a prayer of salawat called Salawat al-Nariyah. It is still recited today by Muslims around the globe.

Death[edit]

Ibn Mashish was assassinated in 1227 by followers of the false prophet and anti-Almohad rebel Ibn Abi Tawajin, who in turn was assassinated by a dispatch from Ceuta as a revenge for the act.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Muhammad ibn Ibrāhīm Ibn Abbād, Ibn ʻAbbād of Ronda: letters on the Sūfī path, Paulist Press, 1986, p. 34
  2. ^ http://www.shazuli.com/spiritual-genealogy/
  3. ^ Al-Huwwat, Sulayman: Al-rawda al-maqsuda wa-l-hulal al mamduda fi ma âthir Bani Suda vol 2, p. 602
  4. ^ Kugle, Scott A. (2011). Sufis and Saints' Bodies: Mysticism, Corporeality, and Sacred Power in Islam. Univ of North Carolina Press. p. 300.
  • Muhammad Bennani, Mulay Abd Es Selam El Machich, ed. by África Española – Madrid, 1913 (In Spanish)
  • Titus Burckhardt, "The Prayer of Ibn Mashish", Studies in Comparative Religion, Winter-Spring, 1978, Pates Manor, Bedfont, Middlesex
  • Titus Burckhardt, "The Prayer of Ibn Mashish (As-Salat al-Mashishiyah)", Translation and commentary, Islamic Quarterly, London, 1978, vol. 20-21-22, no3, pp. 68–75

External links[edit]

  • The Prayer Of Ben Abdeslam Mchich - As-Salatul-Mashishiyyah Arabic - English (near the bottom of the page) [1]
  • Monte Alem, the Arabic section ar:جبل العلمجبل العلم