Morocco ( ( listen); Arabic: المَغرِب, translit. al-maġrib, lit. 'place the sun sets; the west'; Berber languages: ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, translit. Lmeɣrib), officially the Kingdom of Morocco (Arabic: المملكة المغربية, translit. al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah, lit. 'The Western Kingdom'; Berber languages: ⵜⴰⴳⵍⴷⵉⵜ ⵏ ⵍⵎⵖⵔⵉⴱ, translit. Tageldit n Lmaɣrib), is a country located in the far west of Northwest Africa with an area of 710,850 km2 (274,460 sq mi) and its capital is Rabat and, the largest city is Casablanca. It overlooks the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Atlantic Ocean to the west, bordered from the east by Algeria and from the south by Mauritania. intersecting the Strait of Gibraltar; near Spain there are disputed areas are, Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera.
Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, allowing Morocco to remain the only northwest African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, which rules to this day, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier. It regained its independence in 1956, and has since remained comparatively stable and prosperous by regional standards.
The Battle of Tétouan was a battle fought near Tétouan, Morocco between the Spanish Army of Africa and the Moroccan Army in 1860. The battle was part of the Hispano-Moroccan War (1859–60).
The expeditionary Spanish force, which departed from Algeciras, was componed of 36,000 men, 65 pieces of artillery, and 41 ships, which included steamships, sailboats, and smaller vessels. Of Irish heritage, Leopoldo O'Donnell, 1st Duke of Tetuan, Prime Minister of Spain, personally took charge of the expedition and divided these forces into three corps. These were commanded by Generals Juan Zavala de la Puente, Antonio Ros de Olano and Ramón de Echagüe. Reserves were placed under the command of Juan Prim. The admiral Segundo Díaz Herrero commanded the fleet.
The objective of the Spanish forces was to take the Moroccan city of Tétouan.
Hostilities between Moroccan and Spanish troops erupted on 17 December by the column commanded by Zavala de la Puente, which occupied the Sierra de Bullones. On 19 December, Echagüe captured the Palacio del Serrallo. O'Donnell commanded a force that landed at Ceuta on 21 December. By Christmas Day, the three columns had consolidated their positions and awaited orders to advance towards Tétouan.
Did you know
- ...that the word "Morocco" was derived from Marrakech, the name of the capital city in the 11th and 12th centuries?
- ...that the word tangerine came from Tangier?
- ...that Morocco was the first country in the world to recognize the United States' independence?
- ...that the Morocco leather was imported from Morocco, and was used from the late sixteenth century in the binding of luxury.
- Reason: His visit to Morocco on April 26, 2006. Chinese-Moroccan trade increased by 28 percent year in year to reach 150 million U.S. dollars in 2005.
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Cities: Casablanca , Rabat , Fez , Tangier , Marrakesh , Meknès , Agadir
|Cities in Morocco
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