The Morocco Portal
Morocco (Arabic: المغرب, Berber: Murakuc), officially the Kingdom of Morocco (Arabic: المملكة المغربية, Berber: Tagldit n Murakuc), is a country in North Africa with a population of 35,900,870 (*2017*). It has a coast on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has international borders with Algeria to the east, Mauritania or Western Sahara depending on the status of still unresolved disputed Western Sahara territory to the south and Spain to the north (Spanish exclaves of Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera).
Morocco was until 2017 the only African country that was not a member of the African Union because of the Western Sahara dispute, but after a 33 year absence it rejoined the AU. It is also a member of the Arab League, Arab Maghreb Union, the Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Mediterranean Dialogue group, and Group of 77, and is a major non-NATO ally of the United States.
The full Arabic name al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiya translates to "the Western Kingdom". Al-Maghrib (meaning "the West") is commonly used. For historical references, medieval Arab historians and geographers used to refer to Morocco as al-Maghrib al Aqşá ("the Farthest West"), disambiguating it from neighboring historical regions called al-Maghrib al Awsat ("the Middle West", Algeria) and al-Maghrib al Adna ("the Nearest West", Tunisia).
The latinized name "Morocco" originates from medieval Latin "Morroch", from Amur N'Akush meaning Land of God which referred to the name of the former Almorabit and Almohad capital, Marrakech. The Persians straightforwardly call it "Murakush" while the Turks call it "Fas" which comes from the ancient Idrisid and Marinid capital, Fès.
The Battle of Tétouan was a battle fought near Tétouan, Morocco between the Spanish Army of Africa and the Moroccan Army in 1860. The battle was part of the Hispano-Moroccan War (1859–60).
The expeditionary Spanish force, which departed from Algeciras, was componed of 36,000 men, 65 pieces of artillery, and 41 ships, which included steamships, sailboats, and smaller vessels. Of Irish heritage, Leopoldo O'Donnell, 1st Duke of Tetuan, Prime Minister of Spain, personally took charge of the expedition and divided these forces into three corps. These were commanded by Generals Juan Zavala de la Puente, Antonio Ros de Olano and Ramón de Echagüe. Reserves were placed under the command of Juan Prim. The admiral Segundo Díaz Herrero commanded the fleet.
The objective of the Spanish forces was to take the Moroccan city of Tétouan.
Hostilities between Moroccan and Spanish troops erupted on 17 December by the column commanded by Zavala de la Puente, which occupied the Sierra de Bullones. On 19 December, Echagüe captured the Palacio del Serrallo. O'Donnell commanded a force that landed at Ceuta on 21 December. By Christmas Day, the three columns had consolidated their positions and awaited orders to advance towards Tétouan.
Did you know
- ...that the word "Morocco" was derived from Marrakech, the name of the capital city in the 11th and 12th centuries?
- ...that the word tangerine came from Tangier?
- ...that Morocco was the first country in the world to recognize the United States' independence?
- ...that the Morocco leather was imported from Morocco, and was used from the late sixteenth century in the binding of luxury.
- Reason: His visit to Morocco on April 26, 2006. Chinese-Moroccan trade increased by 28 percent year in year to reach 150 million U.S. dollars in 2005.
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Cities: Casablanca , Rabat , Fez , Tangier , Marrakesh , Meknès , Agadir
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