|Meaning||"father of peace".|
Absalom (English pronunciation //, Hebrew: אַבְשָלוֹם, Modern: Avshalom, Tiberian: ʼAḇšālôm, "father of peace"; Biblical Greek Αβεσσαλωμ) is a masculine first name from the Old Testament, where Absalom is a son of King David.
The variant Hebrew: אֲבּישָׁלוֹם, Modern: Avishalom, Tiberian: ʼĂḇîyšālôm, "my father is peace" is usd as the name of the father-in-law of Rehoboam in 1 Kings (15:2,10), who in 2 Chronicles 11:20,21 is referred to by the shorter form Avshalom. The modern Scandinavian first name, Axel has developed (via Axelen) from Absalon, a 12th-century Danish archbishop and statesman. The variant Absolon is a German surname.
The name was also used in medieval England (variants Absolon, Apsolon, Abselon). As in the biblical story, the fleeing Absalom has his long hair caught in a tree, the name appears to have been a nickname for a man with long or thick hair, as suggested by a passage in the Canterbury Tales,
Now was ther of that Chirche a parish clerk, The which that was ycleped Absolon ... Curl was his heer and as the gold it shoon.
- Absalom (c. 100 BC), a son of Jewish High Priest John Hyrcanus
- Absalom Tatom (1742–1802), American politician
- Absalom Jones (1746–1818), African American abolitionist and clergyman
- Absalom Watkin (1787–1861), English political reformer
- Absalom Shade (c. 1793–1862), Canadian businessman and politician
- Absalom Harris Chappell (1801–1878), American politician and lawyer
- Absalom Baird (1824–1905), Union Army general in the American Civil War
- Absalom Shade Allan (1843–after 1901), Canadian merchant and politician
- Absalom Willis Robertson (1887–1971), American politician
- Avishalom, the father-in-law of King Rehoboam of Judah
- Avshalom Feinberg (1889–1917), Jewish spy for Britain in World War I
- Avshalom Haviv (1926–1947), one of the Olei Hagardom
- Avshalom Kor (b. 1950), Israeli linguist
- Avshalom Vilan (b. 1951), Israeli politician and economist
- Avshalom Elitzur (b. 1957), Israeli physicist and philosopher
|Region of origin||England|
|Variant form(s)||Asplen, Aspling, Ashplant; Absolon|
"Absalom" is a rare English surname, recorded as early as in the early 13th century. It derives from the first name Absalom which became popular in England in the 12th century. The surname remained rare throughout its existence, but it gave rise to a number of variants, such as Asplen, and via the latter Aspling and Ashplant.
The variant Absolon is found in England as well as in France and Germany, reaching Central Europe in the late medieval period, so that Absolon (feminine Absolonová) is now also a Czech and Slovak surname.
- Henry W.L. Absalom, a member of the Scientific Committee on the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition of 1955–58, eponymous of Mount Absalom in Antarctica.
- Jack Absalom (b. 1927), Australian artist
- Mike Absalom (b. 1940), English folk singer-songwriter
- Michael Absalom (b. 1980), Scottish, regular presenter on CBBC
- John Absolon (1815–1895), British watercolor painter
- Karel Absolon (1877–1960), Czech archaeologist, geographer, paleontologist, and speleologist
- Philip Absolon (born 1960), British artist and a founder member of the Stuckists
- Andrea Absolonová (1976–2004), Czech diver, and pornographic actress known as Lea De Mae
- Milada Absolonová, Czechoslovak slalom canoeist
- Monika Absolonová (born 27 1976), Czech singer and actress
- Hanks, P. (2003). Dictionary of American Family Names: 3-Volume Set. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-19-508137-4. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- See Strong's Concordance H53.
- "Danish names". behindthename.com. Archived from the original on 21 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
- via a patronymic; one Absolon filius Apsolon is recorded in the Feet of Fines for Cambridgeshire in 1199, one Stephen Abselon is mentioned in the Curia Regis Rolls of Oxfordshire in 1208, and one Thomas Absolom is mentioned in the Calendar of Letter Books for the City of London in 1281. Name Origin Research www.surnamedb.com[unreliable source?]
- David Hey, Family Names and Family History, Bloomsbury Publishing, 2006, p. 65.
- All pages with titles beginning with Absalom
- All pages with titles beginning with Absolon
- All pages with titles containing Absalom
- All pages with titles containing Absolon
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