JF Gmelin (1789)
Turdus olivaceus abyssinicus
The Abyssinian thrush, African mountain thrush or Northern olive thrush (Turdus abyssinicus) is a passerine bird in the family Turdidae. In 2010, the species was confirmed as separate from the olive thrush (Turdus olivaceus) due to genetic differences. Their ranges do not overlap. The southern and northern populations may be distinct species. The Abyssinian thrush is found in Eritrea and other parts of the Horn of Africa, as well as an area to the southeast extending from the African Great Lakes region to north eastern Zambia and Malawi.
It is 22 centimetres (8.7 in) long. This variable forest thrush is generally darker than the African thrush and has an orange (not yellow) bill. It is also darker than the Kurrichane thrush and has no malar stripes. Generally the birds get darker at higher altitudes.
Distribution, habitat and habits
Its habitat includes forests woodlands, exotic plantations, parks and gardens.
The Abyssinian thrush was considered to be part of the olive thrush but that species has now been split and is regarded as a superspecies, members of which include the Taita thrush, Karoo thrush, Usambara thrush and Somali thrush.
- Turdus abyssinicus abyssinicus(Gmelin, 1789): Highlands of Ethiopia, south eastern South Sudan, northern Uganda, Kenya and northern Tanzania.
- Turdus abyssinicus deckeni(Cabanis, 1868): Northern Tanzania from Longido and Ketumbeine to Mount Kilimanjaro
- Turdus abyssinicus baraka((Sharpe, 1903)): Mountains of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Ruwenzori Mountains of western Uganda.
- Turdus abyssinicus bambusicola(Neumann, 1908): Highlands of Burundi, Rwanda, south western Uganda, north western Tanzania and eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Turdus abyssinicus nyikae(Reichenow, 1904): The Nguru and Uluguru Mountains in Tanzania, northern Malawi and north eastern Zambia.
- Turdus abyssinicus oldeani(W. L. Sclater & Moreau, 1935): Mountains of north central Tanzania.
- BirdLife International. 2016. Turdus abyssinicus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22734111A104354152. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22734111A104354152.en. Downloaded on 27 December 2017.
- "Turdus abyssinicus Gmelin, 1789". Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) (https://www.itis.gov). Archived from the original on 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
- "IOC World Bird Name (version 2.4)". 2010. Archived from the original on 24 March 2010. Retrieved 9 April 2010.
- Sinclair & Ryan 2003, p. 440
- "Abyssinian Thrush". Birdforum Opus. = Birdforum.net. Archived from the original on 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
- Clement, Peter; Hathway, Ren; Byers, Clive; Wiczur, Jan (2000). Thrushes. Christopher Helm. pp. 333–337. ISBN 0713639407.
- "Olive Thrush (Turdus olivaceus) is being split: list T. roehli as Near Threatened or Vulnerable?". BirdLife's Globally Threatened Bird Forums. Birdlife International. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
- "Abyssinian Thrush Turdus abyssinicus Gmelin, JF, 1789". Avibase. Denis Lepage. Archived from the original on 2016-04-10. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
- Sinclair, Ian; Ryan, Peter (2003). Birds of Africa south of the Sahara. Cape Town: Struik.