Temporal range: Hauterivian( L Cret)
Acanthodiscus is an extinct ammonoid cephalopod genus from the order Ammonitida and included in the persphinctacean family Berriasellidae. The type, named by Bruguière, 1779, is Acanthodiscus radiatus.
The shell of Acanthodiscus (A. radiatus) is of modest size, slightly more than 14 cm (5.5 in) in diameter, coiled with the outer whorl covering about a third of the next inner whorl. The lower (2/3) flanks bear strong, wide spaced, radial ribs with large nodes at either end, and become weaker on the mature body chamber. Outer flanks (approx. 1/3) slope toward a narrow, flat to concave venter lined on either side by a series of smaller nodes. the mature whorl section is higher than wide.
Paleoecology, distribution, and range
Acanthodiscus is found in shallow water sediments in both the Tethyan and Boreal realms where it is used as an index fossil. In fact, the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) has assigned the First Appearance Datum of Acanthodiscus radiatus, the first species of the genus, as the defining biological marker for the start of the Hauterivian stage of the Cretaceous, ~132.9 million years ago. Acanthodiscus fossils can be found in Argentina's Neuquén Basin.
- A. radiatus ; type species
- A. octagonus
- A. ottmeri
- A. rollieri
- A. schmidtii; Found on the Antarctic Peninsula.
- A. subradiatus
- Acanthodiscus radiatus in French.
- T. Birkelund, et al.: Cretaceous Stage Boundaries - Proposals. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, vol. 33 1984 
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