Achatinidae

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Achatinidae
Temporal range: Pleistocene–Recent[1]
Achatina fulica Hawaii.jpg
Giant East African Snail, Achatina fulica
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
Phylum:
Class:
(unranked):
Superfamily:
Family:
Achatinidae

Diversity[3]
176 extant species and subspecies in 16 genera within Achatinidae sensu stricto

Achatinidae (New Latin, from Greek "agate") is a family of medium to large sized tropical land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks from Africa.

Well known species include Achatina achatina the Giant African Snail, and Achatina fulica the Giant East African Snail.

As of 2011 there were recognized 176 extant species and subspecies in 16 genera within Achatinidae.[3]

Distribution[edit]

The native distribution of Achatinidae is Africa south of the Sahara.[1]

Anatomy[edit]

In this family, the number of haploid chromosomes lies between 26 and 30 (according to the values in this table).[4]

Taxonomy[edit]

The family Achatinidae is classified within the informal group Sigmurethra, itself belonging to the clade Stylommatophora within the clade Eupulmonata (according to taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005).[5]

  • Achatininae Swainson, 1840 - synonyms: Urceidae Chaper, 1884; Ampullidae Winckworth, 1945
  • Callistoplepinae Mead, 1994
  • Limicolariinae Schileyko, 1999

Genera[edit]

Genera in the family Achatinidae include:

Achatininae

Callistoplepinae

Limicolariinae

  • Limicolaria Schumacher, 1817 - type genus of the subfamily Limicolariinae[5]

subfamily ?

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Family summary for Achatinidae". AnimalBase, last change 24-11-2007, accessed 3 August 2010
  2. ^ Swainson W. J. (1840). A treatise on malacology161: 334.
  3. ^ a b Protiva T. (2011). Oblovky plži čeledi Achatinidae. Robimaus, 72 pp., ISBN 9788087293225.
  4. ^ Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology. in Barker G. M. (ed.): The biology of terrestrial molluscs. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, ISBN 0-85199-318-4. 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.
  5. ^ a b c d Bouchet, Philippe; Rocroi, Jean-Pierre; Frýda, Jiri; Hausdorf, Bernard; Ponder, Winston; Valdés, Ángel & Warén, Anders (2005). "Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families". Malacologia. Hackenheim, Germany: ConchBooks. 47 (1–2): 1–397. ISBN 3-925919-72-4. ISSN 0076-2997.
  6. ^ Achatininae in www.petsnails.co.uk
  7. ^ Mead A. R. (2004). "Comparative reproductive anatomy in the South African giant land snails (Gastropoda: Pulmonata: Achatinidae)". Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden 78: 417-449.

External links[edit]