Admiralen-class destroyer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Admiralen class destroyer)
Jump to: navigation, search
Hr. Ms. Evertsen
Hr. Ms. Evertsen
Class overview
Preceded by: Wolf class destroyer
Succeeded by: Gerard Callenburgh class destroyer
Built: 1926–1930
In commission: 1928–1942
Completed: 8
Lost: 8
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,316 tons standard
1,640 tons full load
Length: 98 m (321 ft 6 in)
Beam: 9.53 m (31 ft 3 in)
Draft: 2.97 m (9 ft 9 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft, Parsons geared turbines
3 Yarrow type boilers
31,000 hp (23,000 kW)
Speed: 36 kn (67 km/h)
Range: 3,200 nmi (5,900 km) at 15 kn (28 km/h)
Complement: 129 (120 in second group)
Armament: 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns (4 × 1)
2 × 75 mm (3.0 in) AA guns (1 gun in 2nd group)
4 × 40 mm (1.6 in) AA guns (2nd group only)
4 × .5 in (13 mm) machine guns
6 × 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes (2 × 3)
Aircraft carried: 1 × seaplane

The Admiralen Class were eight destroyers built for the Royal Netherlands Navy between 1926 and 1931. All ships fought in World War II and were scuttled or sunk. As is the tradition in the Dutch Navy they were named after Admirals.

Design[edit]

These ships were built in the Netherlands with assistance from the British company Yarrow (at that time the leading builder of destroyers in the world). The Dutch ships were based on the British destroyer HMS Ambuscade. The guns were bought from the Swedish company Bofors. A novel feature was the provision of a seaplane for scouting. There was however no catapult, the plane being lowered into the sea by a crane.

The differences between the two groups were minor; the second group was fitted for minesweeping rather than mine laying, and they carried one less 75 millimetres (3.0 in) gun for 30 tons of fuel.[1]

Ships[edit]

Name Laid down Launched Commissioned Builder Fate
First group
Van Ghent
ex-De Ruyter
28 August 1925 23 October 1926 31 May 1928 KM de Schelde Served in the Netherlands East Indies as part of Admiral Karel Doorman's command. Ran aground and was scuttled on 15 February 1942.
Evertsen 5 August 1925 29 December 1926 12 April 1928 Burgerhout Served in the Far East. Sunk by the Imperial Japanese Navy on 1 March 1942.
Kortenaer 24 August 1925 30 June 1927 3 September 1928 Burgerhout Served in the Far East. Sunk by a torpedo from the Japanese cruiser Haguro during the Battle of the Java Sea on 27 February 1942.
Piet Hein 26 August 1925 2 April 1927 25 January 1928 Burgerhout Served in the Far East. Sunk by Japanese destroyers during the Battle of Badung Strait on 19 February 1942.
Second group
Van Galen 28 May 1927 28 June 1928 22 October 1929 Fijenoord Based in the Netherlands at the start of World War II, the ship was dispatched to help with the defence of Rotterdam. Targeted by German bombers in the narrow river she suffered bomb damage and sank on 10 May 1940. The wreck was salvaged and scrapped by the Germans.
Witte de With 28 May 1927 11 September 1928 20 February 1930 Fijenoord Scuttled on 2 March 1942 on account of damage incurred during the Battle of the Java Sea.
Banckert 15 August 1928 14 November 1929 14 November 1930 Burgerhout Damaged by Japanese bombers and scuttled in Surabaya dockyard. Salvaged by the Japanese, but not repaired and returned to the Dutch after the war. Sunk as a target in September 1949.
Van Nes 15 August 1928 20 March 1930 12 March 1931 Burgerhout Sunk after a two-hour battle by Japanese aircraft on 17 February 1942, while escorting a refugee ship (which was also sunk).
Hr. Ms. Van Galen
Imperial Japanese Navy Patrol boat No. 106 (ex-Hr. Ms. Banckert)


References[edit]

  1. ^ Conway's 1922-46, p. 390.