Life and career
Maréchal was born Liège. Having studied at the Liège Conservatoire, Maréchal made his debut at Dijon in 1891 and toured the French provinces, singing in Rheims, Nice, Bordeaux, and especially at the Théâtre du Grand Cercle in Aix-les-Bains.
He was engaged by the Opéra-Comique in 1895, making his debut as Don José in Carmen on 7 October 1895. His repertoire at the Opéra-Comique covered Cavalleria Rusticana (Turrido), Don Juan (Ottavio), Les dragons de Villars (Sylvain), Joseph, Lakmé (Gérald), Manon (des Grieux), Mireille (Vincent), La Navarraise (Araquil), Le pardon de Ploërmel (Un faucheur), Les pêcheurs de perles (Nadir), Le pré aux clercs (Mergy) and Le roi d'Ys (Mylio). He also sang in several premieres, notably Louise in 1900 (Julien) and Grisélidis in 1901 (Alain), as well as enjoying a success in the Paris premiere of La Boheme (Rodolphe).
At the Opéra de Monte-Carlo he created the role of Jean in Le jongleur de Notre Dame in 1902, and made his debut at Covent Garden the same year as Don José, also appearing in Faust, Manon and the première of The Princess Osra by Herbert Bunning (1863-1937 ).
He retired back to Belgium in 1907, having made a handful of recordings. He died at Brussels, aged 67.
- Steane JB. Adolphe Maréchal. In: The New Grove Dictionary of Opera. Macmillan, London and New York, 1997.
- Scott M. The Record of Singing to 1914. Duckworth, London, 1977.
- La Roque A. Acteurs & Actrices de Paris. 33 Édition, 4 Serie. Paris, 1899.
- Wolff S. Un demi-siècle d'Opéra-Comique (1900-1950). André Bonne, Paris, 1953.