Adrienne Asch (September 17, 1946 – November 19, 2013) was a bioethics scholar and the founding director of the Center for Ethics at Yeshiva University in New York City. She was also the Edward and Robin Milstein Professor of Bioethics at the Wurzweiler School of Social Work and Professor of Epidemiology and Population Health at Albert Einstein College of Medicine, which are both graduate professional schools at Yeshiva University.
Early life and education
Asch was born in New York City, and became blind at a few weeks old from retinopathy of prematurity. Asch grew up in Ramsey, New Jersey, where she attended school in the Ramsey Public School District.
She received a bachelor's degree in philosophy from Swarthmore College in 1969 and a master's degree in social work from Columbia University in 1973. Before studying for her Ph.D. in social psychology in Columbia University, which she received in 1992, she worked in the New York State Division of Human Rights as an investigator of employment discrimination cases. Asch also trained as a family therapist, and earned a certificate from the Institute for Contemporary Psychotherapy in 1981.
Before becoming the Director of the Center for Ethics at Yeshiva University, Asch was professor of women’s studies and the Henry R. Luce Professor in biology, ethics and the politics of human reproduction at the Boston University School of Social Work and Wellesley College in Massachusetts. Although she supported a woman's right to choose abortion, Asch took a disability justice approach in her opposition to prenatal testing and abortion that would stop pregnancies carrying disabled fetuses. She wrote and lectured extensively on the topic.
In an article in The American Journal of Public Health in 1999, Asch discussed the topic of prenatal testing for disabilities:
- "If public health espouses goals of social justice and equality for people with disabilities — as it has worked to improve the status of women, gays and lesbians, and members of racial and ethnic minorities — it should reconsider whether it wishes to continue the technology of prenatal diagnosis. My moral opposition to prenatal testing and selective abortion flows from the conviction that life with disability is worthwhile and the belief that a just society must appreciate and nurture the lives of all people, whatever the endowments they receive in the natural lottery.”
Asch helped to develop guidelines for end-of-life care with the Hastings Center, and was a strong voice for the inclusion of people with disabilities in conversations about bioethics. Asch also worked with assistive technology designers, advising on how to make devices more suited for academic needs.
Books by Adrienne Asch
- Alper, J., Ard, C., Asch, A., Beckwith, J., Conrad, P., and Geller, L. N., (Eds.), (2002). The Double-Edged Helix: Social Implications of Genetics in a Diverse Society. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Parens, E. and Asch, A., (Eds.), (2000). Prenatal Testing and Disability Rights. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
- Asch, A., as co-author with Schiff, A. R., the New Jersey Commission on Legal and Ethical Problems in the Delivery of Health Care (1992). After Baby M: The Legal, Ethical, and Social Dimensions of Surrogacy. Trenton, NJ: The New Jersey Commission on Legal and Ethical Problems in the Delivery of Health Care.
- Asch, A., as contributing member of the New Jersey Commission on Legal and Ethical Problems in the Delivery of Health Care (1990). Problems and Approaches in Health Care Decision Making: The New Jersey Experience. Trenton, NJ: The New Jersey Commission on Legal and Ethical Problems in the Delivery of Health Care.
- Fine, M. & Asch, A. (Eds.) (1988). Women with Disabilities: Essays in Psychology, Culture, and Politics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press [recipient of the 1989 Distinguished Publications Award of the Association for Women in Psychology].
- Asch, A., et al. (1984). Building Community: A Manual Exploring Issues of Women and Disability. New York: Educational Equity Concepts, Inc.
- Fox, Margalit. "Adrienne Asch, Bioethicist and Pioneer in Disability Studies, Dies at 67", The New York Times, November 23, 2013. Accessed February 13, 2014. "When she was a girl, her family moved to New Jersey, then one of the few states that let blind children attend school with their sighted peers. She attended public schools in Ramsey, in Bergen County."
- Dorothy Roberts, "Adrienne Asch, 1946–2013," Nature 504(377)(19 December 2013).
- "Mourning the Loss of Adrienne Asch, Distinguished Disabilities Scholar," Columbia University School of Social Work (27 November 2013). Archived February 23, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Yeshiva University. (2013). Center for Ethics Directors and Staff. [Web page]. http://yu.edu/ethics/directors-staff/
- "In Memoriam, Adrienne Asch," Yeshiva University News (19 November 2013). Archived April 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Asch, A. (1999). "Prenatal diagnosis and selective abortion: A challenge to practice and policy," American Journal of Public Health 89(11), 1649–1657.
- "Adrienne Asch Remembered," The Hastings Center News. Archived February 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- Marc Maurer, "Adrienne Asch Dies," Braille Monitor (January 2014).