Aesop's Fables (film series)

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Aesop's Fables
Aesop-title.jpg
Aesop's Fables closing title
Created byPaul Terry
Original workFilm
Owned byFable Studios, Inc. (renamed Aesop Fables Studio, Van Beuren Corporation)
Years1921 (1921)—1933 (1933)
Films and television
Short film(s)Closer than a Brother (1925)
The Window Washers (1925)
Small Town Sheriff (1927)
Dinner Time (1928)
Gypped in Egypt (1930)
Numerous others
Miscellaneous
StarringFarmer Al Falfa

Aesop's Fables (later renamed Aesop's Sound Fables) is a series of animated short subjects, created by American cartoonist Paul Terry.[1] Produced from 1921 to 1933, the series includes Closer than a Brother (1925), The Window Washers (1925), Small Town Sheriff (1927), Dinner Time (1928), and Gypped in Egypt (1930). Dinner Time is the first cartoon with a synchronized soundtrack ever released to the public. The series provided inspiration to Walt Disney to found the Laugh-O-Gram Studio in Kansas City, Missouri, where he created Mickey Mouse.

History[edit]

Farmer Al Falfa in Amateur Night on the Ark (1923)

Terry was inspired to make the series by young actor-turned-writer Howard Estabrook, who suggested making a series of cartoons based on Aesop's Fables. Although Terry later claimed he had never heard of Aesop, he said that Estabrook's idea was worthwhile. Terry immediately began to set up a new studio called Fables Studios, Inc. and received backing from the Keith-Albee Theatre circuit.

The series launched on May 13, 1921, with The Goose That Laid the Golden Eggs. Only the earliest films are loose adaptations of the actual fables and later entries usually revolve around cats, mice, and the disgruntled Farmer Al Falfa. Terry had developed Farmer Al in the previous decade, and this series would be his most prolific appearance.

Each short concludes with a moral that usually has nothing to do with the actual cartoon itself. Terry staffer Mannie Davis once remarked that the morals were even "funnier than the whole picture itself"[citation needed] and Terry said "The fact that they're ambiguous is the thing that made 'em funny".[citation needed] Morals include "Go around with a chip on your shoulder and someone will knock your block off" or "Marriage is a good institution, but who wants to live in an institution?"

The series proved to be enormously popular with the public during the 1920s. Walt Disney admitted that his earliest ambition was to produce cartoons of comparable quality to Paul Terry. With the popularity of Al Jolson's part-talkie The Jazz Singer in 1927, as well as the huge success of the first all-talkie Lights of New York in 1928, producer Amadee J. Van Beuren realized the potential of sound films and bought Fables Studios to produce sound animation films.[2] Van Beuren, now owner of the newly-named Van Beuren Studios,[2] urged Terry to add the innovation to his films. Terry argued that adding sound would only complicate the production process, but ended up doing so anyway, and the series would now be renamed Aesop's Sound Fables.

Released in October 1928, Dinner Time is the first cartoon with a synchronized soundtrack ever released to the public.[notes 1] However, the film was overshadowed by the release of Disney's Steamboat Willie on November 18, 1928. Fable Studios did not cease production of silent cartoons until the release of Presto-Chango on April 14, 1929. The series also includes Closer than a Brother (1925), The Window Washers (1925), Small Town Sheriff (1927), Gypped in Egypt (1930), Cinderella Blues (1931), The Wild Goose Chase (1932), and Silvery Moon (1933).

In 1929 Terry quit, starting his own TerryToons Studios,[3] and John Foster took over the series under the Van Beuren Corporation, formerly Fable Studios, Inc. The series finally came to a close in 1933. The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) lists 447 titles from 1920 to 1929 under the production company name of Aesop Fables Studio,[4] and 279 titles under Van Beuren Studios from 1928 to 1936.[5]

Legacy[edit]

Aesop's Fables provided inspiration to Walt Disney to found the Laugh-O-Gram Studio in Kansas City, Missouri, where he and Ub Iwerks co-created Mickey Mouse and Oswald the Lucky Rabbit.[6]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ From May 1924 to September 1926, Max Fleischer had released the series Song Car-Tunes made in DeForest Phonofilm but only the music, not dialogue, is synched to the bouncing ball gimmick.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lenburg, Jeff (1999). The Encyclopedia of Animated Cartoons. Checkmark Books. pp. 18-20, 49–50. ISBN 0-8160-3831-7. Retrieved May 16, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Animation from Van Beuren Studios". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  3. ^ "Aesop's Fables Theatrical Cartoon Series". Big Cartoon DataBase. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  4. ^ "Aesop's Fables Studio [us]". IMDb. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  5. ^ "Van Beuren Studios [us]". IMDb. Retrieved November 13, 2012.
  6. ^ "Walt Disney's Laugh-O-grams, 1921-1923". Silent Film Festival. Retrieved April 29, 2020.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Crafton, Donald (1993). Before Mickey: The Animated Film, 1898–1928. University of Chicago Press.
  • Gifford, Denis (1990). American Animated Films: The Silent Era, 1897–1929. McFarland and Company.
  • Maltin, Leonard (1987). Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. Penguin Books.
  • Solomon, Charles (1994). The History of Animation: Enchanted Drawings. Outlet Books Company.

External links[edit]