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Afgoye in 1856
Afgoye in 1856
Afgoye is located in Somalia
Location in Somalia
Coordinates: 2°11′16″N 45°01′00″E / 2.18778°N 45.01667°E / 2.18778; 45.01667Coordinates: 2°11′16″N 45°01′00″E / 2.18778°N 45.01667°E / 2.18778; 45.01667
Country Somalia
RegionLower Shebelle
 • Total79,400
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code(s)+25261

Afgooye (Somali: Afgooye, Arabic: أفجويي‎) is a town in the southwestern Somalia Lower Shebelle (Shabellaha Hoose) region of Somalia. It is the center of the Afgooye District.


It is situated about 25 kilometres west of Mogadishu, the nation's capital.[1] The Shabelle River passes through the middle of the town.


During the Middle Ages, Afgooye and much of the surrounding area in southern Somalia was governed by the Ajuran Empire.[2] The town later came under the administration of the Silcis Sultanate and Geledi Sultanate in the 1800s. The Istunka martial arts festival that is held annually in the town during the Somali new year dates from this period.[3]

An old aerial image of the farming town of Afgooye

At the turn of the 20th century, Afgooye was incorporated into Italian Somaliland. The Italians occupied the town in 1908 and in the process abolished the local slave market.[4] There was also a station in Afgooye on the Mogadishu-Villabruzzi Railway, which connected the town to the capital Mogadishu.

In the 1980s, Afgooye was a common destination for investors from the Gulf states. The Emir of Kuwait also reportedly used to visit the town during the holy month of Ramadan.

After the outbreak of the civil war in 1991, parts of the town became a place of refuge for many of southern Somalia's internally displaced people.[5]

On May 25, 2012, Somali government forces backed by AMISOM tanks re-captured Afgooye from Al-Shabaab, which had established a base in the area.[6]


Afgooye has a population of around 79,400 inhabitants.[7] The broader Afgooye District has a total population of 135,012 residents.[8]

Afgooy is inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group with the main population being the Galadi, Murusade, and Garre clans who are the traditional owners of this city.

It is also inhabited by a minority of Wacdaan, Wadalaan, Silcis, and Ajuuraan clans[9]


Afgooye is a geodetic datum used in Somalia. Afgooye datum is based on the Krasovsky ellipsoid and the Greenwich prime meridian.

Notable residents[edit]


  1. ^ International Institute for Mesopotamian Area Studies, Monographic journals of the Near East, (Undena Publications: 1981), p.78
  2. ^ Lee V. Cassanelli, The Shaping of Somali Society: Reconstructing the History of a Pastoral People, 1600-1900, (University of Pennsylvania Press: 1982), p.102.
  3. ^ Lee V. Cassanelli, The Shaping of Somali Society: Reconstructing the History of a Pastoral People, 1600-1900, (University of Pennsylvania Press: 1982), p.271.
  4. ^ I.M. Lewis, A Modern History of Somalia, fourth edition (Oxford: Currey, 2002), p. 87
  5. ^ Mooge, Ahmed; Gallagher, Patrick (22 October 2010). "Civilian casualties mount in Mogadishu". Los Angeles Times.
  6. ^ "Somali al-Shabab militant stronghold Afgoye 'captured'". BBC. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Somalia - City & Town Population". Tageo. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
  8. ^ "Regions, districts, and their populations: Somalia 2005 (draft)" (PDF). UNDP. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
  9. ^ Virginia Luling (2002). Somali Sultanate: the Geledi city-state over 150 years. Transaction Publishers. ISBN 0-7658-0914-1.