Emir of Kuwait

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Emir of Kuwait
أمير الكويت
Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
since 16 December 2023
StyleHis Highness
First monarchSheikh Sabah I bin Jaber
ResidenceBayan Palace
Standard of the Emir

The emir of the State of Kuwait (Arabic: أمير دولة الكويت) is the monarch and head of state of Kuwait, and is the country's most powerful office. The emirs of Kuwait are members of the Al Sabah dynasty.

Sheikh Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah became the emir of Kuwait on 16 December 2023, following the death of Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah.

Rules and traditions of succession[edit]

Succession to the throne of Kuwait was limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. The position of emir was also traditionally alternated between the two main branches of the Al Sabah family, the Al-Ahmed and Al-Salem branches. The reigning emir must appoint an heir apparent within one year of his accession to the throne; the nominee for consideration as crown prince has to be a senior member of the Al Sabah family. The prime minister is appointed by the emir.


Annual compensation for the emir was defined. The annual compensation was set to 50 million KWD as of 2017.[1]

Emirs of Kuwait (since 1752)[edit]

NameLifespanReign startReign endNotesFamilyImage
Sabah I bin Jaber
  • Sabah I
  • صباح بن جابر
c. 1700–1762
(aged 61–62)
17521762According to the official Kuwaiti sources, Sabah I was unanimously chosen for the position of sheikh.[2]Al Sabah
Abdullah I Al-Sabah
  • Abdullah I
  • عبدالله الأول الصباح
(aged 73–74)
17623 May 1814Youngest son of Sabah I bin JaberAl Sabah
Jaber I Al-Sabah
  • Jaber I
  • جابر الصباح
(aged 83–84)
3 May 18141859Eldest son of Abdullah I Al-SabahAl Sabah
Sabah II Al-Sabah
  • Sabah II
  • صباح الثاني الصباح
(aged 81–82)
1859November 1866Eldest son of Jaber I Al-SabahAl Sabah
Abdullah II Al-Sabah
  • Abdullah II
  • عبدالله الثاني الصباح
(aged 77–78)
November 18661892Eldest son of Sabah II Al-SabahAl Sabah
Muhammad bin Sabah Al-Sabah
  • Muhammad I
  • محمد الصباح
(aged 57–58)
May 18921896Second son of Sabah II Al-SabahAl SabahMuhammad Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Mubarak Al-Sabah
  • Mubarak I the Great
  • مبارك الصباح
1837 – 28 November 1915
(aged 77-78)
18 May 189628 November 1915Son of Sabah II Al-SabahAl SabahMubarak Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Jaber II Al-Sabah
  • Jaber II
  • جابر الثاني الصباح
1860 – 5 February 1917
(aged 56–57)
28 November 19155 February 1917Eldest son of Mubarak Al-SabahAl SabahJaber II Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Salim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah
  • Salim I
  • سالم المبارك الصباح
1864 – 23 February 1921
(aged 56–57)
5 February 191723 February 1921Second son of Mubarak Al-SabahAl SabahSalim Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • Ahmad I
  • احمد الجابر الصباح
1885 – 29 January 1950
(aged 64–65)
29 March 192129 January 1950Son of Jaber II Al-SabahAl SabahAhmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
  • Abdullah III
  • عبدالله السالم الصباح
1895 – 24 November 1965
(aged 69 – 70)
29 January 195024 November 1965Eldest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-SabahAl SabahAbdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Sabah Al-Salim Al-Sabah
  • Sabah III
  • صباح السالم الصباح
(1913-04-12)12 April 1913 – 31 December 1977(1977-12-31) (aged 64)24 November 196531 December 1977Youngest son of Salim Al-Mubarak Al-SabahAl SabahSabah Al-Salim Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah
  • Jaber III
  • جابر الأحمد الصباح
(1926-06-29)29 June 1926 – 15 January 2006(2006-01-15) (aged 79)31 December 197715 January 2006Third son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahAl SabahJaber Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Saad Al-Salim Al-Sabah
  • Saad I
  • سعد السالم الصباح
13 May 1930 – 13 May 2008
(aged 78)
15 January 200624 January 2006
Eldest son of Abdullah Al-Salim Al-SabahAl SabahSaad Al-Salim Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • Sabah IV
  • صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح
(1929-06-16)16 June 1929 – 29 September 2020(2020-09-29) (aged 91)29 January 200629 September 2020Fourth son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahAl SabahSabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • Nawaf I
  • نواف الأحمد الجابر الصباح
(1937-06-23)23 June 1937 – 16 December 2023(2023-12-16) (aged 86)29 September 202016 December 2023Sixth son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahAl SabahNawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah of Kuwait
Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
  • Mishal I
  • مشعل الأحمد الجابر الصباح
(1940-09-27) 27 September 1940 (age 83)16 December 2023IncumbentSeventh son of Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahAl SabahSheikh Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah of Kuwait

Timeline of emirs[edit]

Mishal Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahNawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahSabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahSaad Al-Salim Al-SabahJaber Al-Ahmad Al-SabahSabah Al-Salim Al-SabahAbdullah Al-Salim Al-SabahAhmad Al-Jaber Al-SabahSalim Al-Mubarak Al-SabahJaber IIMubarak Al-SabahMuhammad bin Sabah Al-SabahAbdullah II Al-SabahSabah IIJaber IAbdullah I Al-SabahSabah I bin Jaber

See also[edit]


  1. ^ In exile in Taif, Saudi Arabia between 2 August 1990 and 15 March 1991, due to the Iraqi invasion and occupation, and the subsequent Gulf War.
  2. ^ Deposed by the National Assembly and abdicated simultaneously due to illness.[3]


  1. ^ "Show us the money – Oil Revenues, Undisclosed Allocations and Accountability in Budgets of the GCC States" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2023-06-29. Retrieved 2019-12-19.
  2. ^ Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf, Oman, and Central Arabia, Geographical, Volume 1, Historical Part 1, John Gordon Lorimer,1905, p1000
  3. ^ "PM set to become new Kuwait emir"; CNN, 24 January 2006.

External links[edit]