Agelenopsis

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American grass spiders
Grass Spider - Agelenopsis species possibly pennsylvanica?, Vernon, British Columbia.jpg
Agelenopsis cf. pennsylvanica in Vernon, British Columbia
Pennsylvania Grass Spider - Agelenopsis pennsylvanica, Pocahontas State Park, Chesterfield, Virginia.jpg
Agelenopsis pennsylvanica in web, from Pocahontas State Park, Chesterfield, Virginia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Agelenidae
Genus: Agelenopsis
Giebel, 1869
Species

See text.

Diversity
13 species

Agelenopsis is a genus of spiders, known as American grass spiders.[1] They weave sheet webs that have a funnel shelter on one edge. The web is not sticky, but these spiders make up for that shortcoming by running very rapidly. The larger specimens (depending on species) can grow to about 19 mm in body length. They may be recognized by the arrangement of their eight eyes into three rows. The top row has two eyes, the middle row has four eyes, and the bottom row has two eyes (spaced wider than the ones on the top row). They have two prominent hind spinnerets, somewhat indistinct bands on their legs, and two dark bands running down either side of the cephalothorax.

Agelenopsis aperta, the American funnel-web spider, produces agatoxins. Their bite causes rapid paralysis in insect prey, though their venom is not medically significant to humans.

Name[edit]

The genus name is a combination of Agelena (Eurasian grass spiders), a genus of similar spiders, and Greek -opsis "to look like". They are harmless spiders. Although most spiders use their webs to catch prey, the grass spider's web lacks adhesive ability. The spiders make up for that with their fast running.

The main distinction between Agelenopsis and the related European genus Agelena consists of the pattern appearing on the cephalothorax; the former possesses two quasiparallel lines from the eyes to the beginning of the abdomen. The latter genus has curved, irregular lines that often meet at the end. Another difference is the length of the front legs row in females, but in males, the comparison is too inconsiderable.

Species[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Platnick, N. I. (2007). The world spider catalog, version 7.5. American Museum of Natural History.

See also[edit]

Funnel-web spider

External links[edit]