October 20, 1947
Cehu Silvaniei, Romania
|Alma mater||Hebrew University of Jerusalem|
Agi Mishol (Hebrew: אגי משעול; born October 20, 1947) is an Israeli poet. Considered by many to be one of Israel's most prominent and popular poets, Mishol's work has been published in several languages, and has won various awards including the Italian Lericipea award, the Israeli Prime Minister award and the Yehuda Amichai prize for literature.
Agi (Agnes) Fried (later Mishol) was born in Cehu Silvaniei, Transylvania, Romania, to Hungarian-speaking Jewish parents who survived the Holocaust. She was brought to Israel at the age of 4. Her parents ran a bicycle and electronics repair shop in Gedera, a small southern town. The family spoke mainly Hungarian at home. They lived in a small, one-room apartment in a housing project. Until she was drafted into the Israel Defense Forces, Mishol slept on an armchair that opened into a bed. She began writing poetry at an early age, but did poorly in school. During her military service at the nuclear facility in Dimona, she began studying literature at Ben Gurion University of the Negev. She was married briefly at 19 and a half. After her divorce she moved to Jerusalem and did her BA and MA degrees in Hebrew literature at Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she attended a writing workshop given by Yehuda Amichai. In Jerusalem she met and married Giora Mishol, who was working for the Ministry of Absorption. They moved to Kfar Mordechai, a Moshav next to her hometown Gedera, where they grow peaches, persimmons and pomegranates. They have two children, Maya and Uri, seven cats and a dog.
Mishol was an educator and Hebrew literature teacher at Be'er Tuvia high school during the years 1976 to 2001. After retiring, she served as a senior lecturer at Alma College for Hebrew Culture in Tel Aviv between the years 2002 and 2008. In 2006 she was the artistic director of the International Poetry Festival, held in Mishkenot Sha'ananim, Jerusalem. From 2011 to this date she leads the Helicon School of Poetry in Tel Aviv, where she also leads creative writing workshops. Mishol has lectured and taught creative writing at Ben Gurion University, Tel Aviv University, and the Hebrew University in Jerusalem where she also served as Poet-in-Residence (2007).
Mishol is the author of 16 volumes of poetry. She self-published her first book, "Kodem Tafasti Rega," when she was 18 years old, but then recollected all copies in the bookshops and destroyed them. Her latest published book is "Mal'ach Hacheder" (Domestic Angel, Hakibutz Hameuhad). Her volume "Selected and New Poems" (2003, Hakibutz Hameuhad and Bialik Institute) has sold over 13,000 copies to this date. Mishol's poems have been set to music by various Israeli artists including Corinne Allal, Yehudit Ravitz and Ori Leshman, and adapted into theatrical works such as "Yanshufot" (Owls, 2004).
According to Haim Gouri, Agi Mishol has a broad poetic spectrum: "All flora and fauna near and far, varied and colorful landscapes, love and romance, powerful eroticism, revealing and concealing, being the only child of Holocaust survivors who personally experienced the worse...It is poetry filled with rich metaphors and ongoing observation of the human condition."
In his introduction to "Selected and New Poems", Prof. Dan Miron wrote: "Agi Mishol is a poet now standing at the height of her strength... Agi Mishol undoubtedly belongs to the great dynasty of female Hebrew poets – Rachel Bluwstein, Yocheved Bat-Miriam, Lea Goldberg, Dalia Rabikovitch and Yona Wallach.
In his book review in The New York Times of Look There (2006), Joel Brouwer wrote: "Mishol... takes up political subjects with a sly delicacy reminiscent of the Polish poet Wislawa Szymborska's best work".
According to Amos Oz, "Agi Mishol's poems know how to tell a tale, to sing a song and also dance – all at one and the same time. I love the splendid surprises in them, the subtle and exact sadness, and the mysterious manner by which she makes this sadness overflow with hidden joy."
In 2006 Naomi Shihab Nye wrote: "Agi Mishol's poems feel perfectly weighted. Her mix of honest empathy and care and elegant wit is deeply touching and enlivening."
Awards and Recognition
- In 2020 Mishol joined the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies as an Artist in Residence.
- In March 2019 Mishol was awarded the Zbigniew Herbert International Literary Award. Members of award jury included Yuri Andrukhovych (Ukraine), Edward Hirsch (USA), Michael Krüger (Germany), Mercedes Montana (Spain), and Tomasz Różycki (Poland).
- In 2018 Mishol won the Newman Prize for life Achievement in the field of literature.
- In 2018 Mishol received a (third) honorary doctorate, from Bar Ilan University, "for her lyrical poetry, which reveals the story of Israel and its people from her personal perspective as the child of Holocaust survivors".
- In 2017 Mishol's personal literary archive was deposited in the National Library of Israel.
- In 2016, Mishol received a (second) PHD Honoris Causa from the Weizmann Institute of Science. According to Weizmann Institute's website, "Her writing forges a rare balance between literal and poetic precision and accessibility to the readers, combining everyday language and slang with inventive linguistics. Infused with irony and humor, hers are very personal poems, which, at the same time, provide extensive human insight.".
- In 2014 Mishol received the Italian Lericipea award, previously awarded to Seamus Heaney, Adunis, Yevgeny Yevtushenko and other international poets.
- In 2014 Mishol was awarded an honorary doctorate (Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa) by Tel Aviv University, "in recognition of her standing as one of Israel's most prominent and best-loved poets [and] her immense contribution to enriching Israeli culture".
- In 2007 Mishol received the Dolitsky prize for literature.
- In 2002 Mishol received the Yehuda Amichai Prize.
- In 2000 Mishol won the Kugel literary award.
- In 1995 Mishol won the Israeli Prime Minister Prize.
Published works in Hebrew
- Domestic Angel, Mossad Bialik & Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 2015 [Mal'ach Hacheder]
- Awake, Hakibbutz Hameuhad, 2013 [Era]
- Working Order, Hakibbutz Hameuhad, 2011 [Sidur Avoda]
- House Call, Hakibbutz Hameuhad, 2009 [Bikur Bait]
- Things Happen, Hakibbutz Hameuhad & Mossad Bialik, 2005 [Korim Dvarim]
- Moment, Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 2005
- Selected and New Poems, Mossad Bialik & Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 2003 [Mivchar Ve-Chadashim]
- Wax Flower, Even Hoshen, 2002 [Nerot Netz Ha-Chalav]
- Dream Notebook, Even Hoshen, 2000 [Machberet Ha-Chalomot]
- Look There, Helikon-Tag, 1999 [Re'eh Sham]
- See (edited by Nathan Zach), Helikon-Tag, 1997 [Hineh]
- The Interior Plain, Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 1995 [Ha-Shfela Ha-Pnimit]
- Fax Pigeon, Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 1991 [Yonat Faximilia]
- Plantation Notes, Keter, 19877 [Yoman Mata]
- Gallop, Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 1980 [Gallop]
- A Cat's Scratch, Hakibbutz Hameuchad, 1978 [Srita Shel Hatul]
- Nanny and Both of Us, Ekked, 1972 [Nanny Ve-Shneinu]
- I Caught a Moment, Golan, 1967 [Kodem Tafasti Rega]
- Jestem stąd, Wydawnictwo a5, 2020, ISBN 978-83-65614-30-8
- Čipka na železu, (translated by Klemen Jelinčič Boeta), Beletrina, 2018
- Ricami su ferro (translated by Anna Linda Callow & Kozimo Coen), Giuntina, 2017, ISBN 978-8880576846
- Less Like a Dove (translated by Joanna Chen), Shearsman Books, 2016, ISBN 978-1848614765
- Ropa Tendida (Agui Mishol), Poesía Mayor/leviatán, 2013, ISBN 978-987-514-260-2
- Fraza magazine, 2011, Interview and translations to Polish
- The ECCO Anthology of International Poetry, edited by Ilya Kaminsky and Susan Harris, 2010, ECCO
- Journal du verger (translated by Emmanuel Moses & Esther Orner), Caractères, 2008, ISBN 978-2-85446-425-2
- Şeherezada (translated by Riri Sylvia Manor & Ioana Ieronim), Institutul Cultural Român, 2008, ISBN 978-973-577-563-6
- Look There: New and Selected Poems of Agi Mishol (translated by Lisa Katz), Graywolf Press, 2006, ISBN 1-55597436-8
- The Swimmers, Poetry Ireland and the Tyrone Guthrie Centre, 1998, ISBN 1-902121-17-1
- The Modern Hebrew Poem Itself
Mishol's poems have been translated to several languages and appear in dedicated volumes as well as in anthologies in English, Spanish, French, German, Italian, Russian, Polish, Chinese and other languages.
- Lee, Vered (May 17, 2012). "Poet Agi Mishol is surprised she's become hot stuff". Haaretz.com. Retrieved December 28, 2012.
- "Agi Mishol". Poetry International. Archived from the original on November 20, 2018. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
- Character lines – Haaretz – Israel News
- "Moving into the Archives: Influential Israeli Poet Agi Mishol Deposits Her Personal Archive in the National Library of Israel".
- McHenry, Eric; Brouwer, Joel (April 23, 2006). "Poetry Chronicle". The New York Times.
- "Agi Miszol laureatką Nagrody im. Herberta" (in Polish). March 11, 2019. Retrieved March 11, 2019.[permanent dead link]
- "Bar-Ilan University to Award Honorary Doctorates to Eight Outstanding Individuals and Organizations | Bar Ilan University". www1.biu.ac.il. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
- "Premio alla Carriera 2014".
- Profile by Poetry International Rotterdam
- Agi Mishol: Čipka na železu - Review and profile in Slovanian
- Israeli poet Agi Mishol avoids rallying for political causes, Al-Monitor
- Poet Agi Mishol is surprised she became hot stuff, Haaretz
- Agi Mishol drifts towards an Archimedes moment by Vivian Eden, Haaretz
- Music From Her Own Mind, A review of Agi Mishol's work
- Interview with Agi Mishol
- Hononrary Doctorate by Tel Aviv University – full text
- Előbb van a zene, aztán a hangszerek” interview with Agi Mishol by Szánto Gábor, "Szombat", 3 july 2008 (Hungarian)