Agyieus

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Illustration of a coin of Apollo Agyieus from Ambracia, depicting the conical representation of the god.

Apollo Agyieus (Ancient Greek: Ἀγυιεύς, Aguieus) was an epithet of the Greek god Apollo describing him as the protector of the streets, public places, and the entrances to homes.[1] As such he was worshiped at Acharnae,[2] Mycenae,[3] and at Tegea.[4] The origin of the worship of Apollo Agyieus in the last of these places is related by Pausanias.[5][6]

The cult of Apollo Agyieus was aniconic, and this facet of Apollo was worshiped in the form of a pointed column or obelisk,[7] often kept by the front door of a private home,[8][9] or in the open country, rather than in a temple. This symbol is similar to a sign like an edged cone found on the gate of a temple in the Hittite city Bojatzkoi; an inscription names the god Apulunas as the protector of the gate. The Greeks named him Agyieus, as the protector God who draws off evil.[10] Some writers have held that the omphalos of the oracle at Delphi was a modified pillar of Agyieus.[11] When standing before a house, the stone objects would be decorated with offerings of ribbon, or wreaths of myrtle or bay.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Agyieus". In Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. p. 83. 
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece i. 31. § 3
  3. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece ii. 19. § 7
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece viii. 53. § 1
  5. ^ Comp. Horace, Carmines iv. 6. 28
  6. ^ Macrobius, Saturnalia i. 9
  7. ^ Liddell, Henry; Robert Scott (1996). A Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-19-864226-1. 
  8. ^ Pherecrates, 87
  9. ^ Dieuchidas, 2
  10. ^ Martin Nilsson."Die Geschichte der Griechische Religion".Verlag C.H.Beck 1955.p.564
  11. ^ Farnell, Lewis Richard (1907). The Cults of the Greek States. Oxford: Clarendon Press. p. 308. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.