|Area1||12.99 km2 (5.02 sq mi)|
|• Density||20/km2 (53/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|INSEE/Postal code||16004 /16190|
|Elevation||84–201 m (276–659 ft)
(avg. 141 m or 463 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demography
- 6 Facilities, services, and local life
- 7 Culture and heritage
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and references
Location and access
Aignes-et-Puypéroux is a commune located 25 kilometres due south of Angoulême, in the Highway D674 which passes through the heart of the commune north to south and on to Montmoreau-Saint-Cybard. The Highway D54 also runs through the heart of the commune from Perignac in the west to the D16 in the south-east. Both highways intersect at the village of Aignes-et-Puypéroux.
The railway line from Paris-Austerlitz to Bordeaux-Saint-Jean passes through the southern part of the commune from north-east to south-west. The nearest train station is Montmoreau, some 10 km south of the commune, which is served by the TER running between Angoulême and Bordeaux.
Hamlets and localities
Hamlets are numerous in the commune, and several have some importance:
- Puypéroux in the far north where the abbey of the same name
- Chez Jambon, in the south of the commune
- Chez Boucher, in the western part
- Maine Guillien and Boisbourdeau, both south of the town of Aignes
- Les Héries and les Cardineaux, near the Moulin Brunet creek
- Le Bouet and la Gautrie near the road to Perignac
- La Croix, towards Chadurie
- Le Pétingaud and le Tavilard, close to the railway line.
Neighbouring Communes and Villages
Geology and terrain
The limestone is in the form of chalk of the Campanian age over the entire municipal area. The ridge north of the town and a few peaks in the south are covered with deposits of the Tertiary period (Lutetian and Cuisian) composed of pebbles, sand and clay. The peaks and some slopes in the valleys exhibit formations of detrital rock and colluvium derived from bedrock and dated to the glaciations of the Quaternary period (Pliocene and Pleistocene).
The high plateau between the valleys of two rivers, is covered by 66% agricultural land and 34% forests and semi-natural lands.
The highest point of the commune is at an altitude of 201 metres, located at the northern end of the reservoir Croix de Verdelette. The lowest point is 84 metres, located at the southern edge of the commune along the Moulin d'Aignes Creek near its confluence with the Tude. The village of Aignes is at 145 metres above sea level 2.
Bounded on the north-west by the stream of Chaverrut (name of the upstream part of the Arce), a sub-tributary of the Charente and in the south by the Tude, a tributary of the Dronne and sub-tributary of the Dordogne. The territory of the municipality is split between the two basins of the Charente (17% of the area) and the Gironde (83% of the area).
There are also several streams, all tributaries of the Tude: the Dead Water Stream, Gouyat Pond stream (also called Ribérat in its upper part ), Moulin d'Aignes Creek, and the Moulin Brunet stream.
The clayey nature of the soil on the peaks is favourable to some small water reservoirs and springs and fountains (Fontaine Jeannot, fontaine du Coursier, fontaine du Chat, source Saint-Gilles, etc.).
As in three-quarters of the department in the south and west, the climate is oceanic Aquitaine.
The name Aignes comes from the patron saint of the village, Agnès. In Greek, agnê means "pure".
Puypéroux comes from the Latin Podium Petrosum meaning "stony hill".
The commune of Aignes-and-Puypéroux, created in 1793 under the name of Aigne was renamed Agne-et-Puispérou in 1801, then Aignes-et-Puypéroux later. It was, until 1970, part of the Canton of Blanzac and was integrated into the Canton Montmoreau-Saint-Cybard at that date.
There can be seen in the village of Aignes a former stately home, once the seat of a fief which fell under the lordship of la Faye. In 1541, the lordship of Aignes acquired it through Antoine de Viaud and it remained in the family until the end of the 17th century.
At that time the lordship was held by Gaston Pierre de Viaud, a captain in the regiment of Navarre. His daughter, Gabrielle Catherine, wife of Philippe Auguste Mastin of Nuaillé, who had a dowry of the land of Aignes. The Mastin family still owned Aignes at the time of the Revolution.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the house was owned by Mr. L. Tabuteau, the mayor of the town.
The most remarkable monument of the town is the Church of Puypéroux, built on top of a high hill, which juts like a promontory between two narrow valleys. The church also contains the tomb of Saint Gilles, its founder, and has been the subject of a beautiful restoration.
The church was, in the beginning, an abbey of Benedictine monks founded, if tradition is to be believed, in the 6th century. Later, the community could not support themselves, the monks retired to Blanzac and the Puypéroux monastery became a simple monastic priory.
This priory retains some importance even to the 15th century, at which time it was destroyed by the English. The buildings were burned, the monks retreated to the cloisters of Blanzac, abandoning their possessions.
From 1836, Puypéroux was the mother house of the Society of Sisters of Our Lady of the Angels, to whom we owe the restoration of the church by the architect Barbaud.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the tradition of annual pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Giles was still practiced.
List of Successive Mayors of Aignes-et-Puypéroux
(Not all data is known)
In 2009, the commune had 260 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Distribution of Age Groups
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aignes-et-Puypéroux and Charente Department in 2007
|0 to 14 Years||16.0||14.5||17.1||15.4|
|15 to 29 Years||15.2||21.8||16.7||14.7|
|30 to 44 Years||17.6||16.4||20.0||19.2|
|45 to 59 Years||19.2||18.4||22.3||21.5|
|60 to 74 Years||20.8||16.4||15.2||15.8|
|75 to 89 Years||11.2||11.8||8.2||11.8|
Facilities, services, and local life
Culture and heritage
- Castle: in the village there is a chateau dating back to the end of the 18th century. The grounds of the castle are a "listed site".
- the small embellishments in the walls of the nave
- the decoration of the Imposts in that part
- the imposts on the side and on the apse
All are reminiscent of the same era of primitive Romanesque architecture.
The transept, from a little later period, contains very archaic sculptures of great archaeological value. Only the facade was rebuilt in the 12th century, around the year 1130. It has an octagonal dome and a pentagonal choir with the original font.
- Other sites of interest
- The Tomb of Saint Gilles is located in the second bay of the church of Puypéroux.
- The Puypéroux Fountain is a place of processions during drought.
- The Church of Saint-Martial of Aignes: there is no documentation of the date of this old church. The nave, in very poor condition, was repaired in 1838 and 1879. The bases of the columns, their curved imposts, and their method of construction suggest a date for the oldest parts of the last quarter of the 12th century. The remains of a funeral litter are visible on the north wall of the nave.
An Oratory on the road to Puypéroux
In the north, straddling the communes of Aignes and Chadurie, the Landes de Bois Rond are classified as a Natural Zone of ecological interest for fauna and flora (ZNIEFF) of type I.
Many types of wildlife can be seen: nesting birds such as the hen harrier, the nightjar, the Dartford warbler and the common grasshopper warbler; amphibians such as the yellow-bellied toad, the tree frog, the marbled newt and the natterjack toad; also plants such as long leaf oats and the bicolor Phalangère.
The Valley of the Tude and the valley of the Arce are classified as Natural Zones of ecological interest for fauna and flora of type II under French regulations, and zones of Natura 2000 from a European point of view. They are characterized mainly by the presence of the European mink, an endangered species.
- Aignes-et-Puypéroux on the website of the National Geographic Institute (archive) (French)
- Aignes-et-Puypéroux (French)
- Aignes-et-Puypéroux on Lion1906
- Aignes on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Aignes-et-Puypéroux on the INSEE website (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Arrêté préfectoral 29 June 2016 (French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, IGN (French)
- Visualisateur Infoterre BRGM website
- BRGM Map on the French Géoportail
- Paper notice of Montmoreau, BRGM, 1982, website: Infoterre, consulted on 2 December 2011
- European Union – SOeS, CORINE Land Cover, 2006, visible at Géoportail
- ©IGN Paris-MATE BD Carthage® v.3 - 2002, visible at Géoportail
- Jean-Marie Cassagne and Stéphane Seguin, Origin of Names of Towns and Villages in Charente, Ed. Jean-Michel Bordessoules, 1998, 311 pages, passage 10 and 220, ISBN 2-913471-06-4
- Jules Martin-Buchey, Historic and Communal Geography of the Charente, vol. I: Arrondissement of Angoulême, Martin-Buchey, Châteauneuf, 1914 (Reprinted Éd. de la Tour Gile, 1996), 672 p. ISBN 2-878022-6-88
- List of Mayors of France
- a combined school of several smaller schools. See "Regroupement pédagogique" on the French Wikipedia
- Academic Inspection website for Charente
- ULM club montmorélien
- An Official French label ensuring that only changes approved by the state can be made. See "Site naturel inscrit" in the French Wikipedia
- DREAL Poitou-Charentes, 2007
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00104198 Puypéroux Abbey (French)
- Jules Martin-Buchey, Historical and Communal Geography of the Charente, editted by the author, Châteauneuf, 1914-1917 (Reprinted Bruno Sépulchre, Paris, 1984), 422 pages, p. 37 (French)
- Jean Georges and Alexis Guérin-Boutaud, The Roman Churches in the former Diocese of Angoulême, 1928, imp. Kapp, Paris-Vanves. (French)
- Jean Nanglard, Historic Church Properties of the Diocese of Angoulême, Vols II & IV, Angoulême, printed by Roux et Despujols, 1897, 588 p. / 684 p. (French)
- The Landes de Bois Rond, Editor: National Museum of Natural History, Author: Jean-Pierre Sardin
- Valleys of the Nizonne, the Tude, and the Dronne in Poitou-Charentes, Editor: National Natural History Museum, Author: Jean Terrisse
- Valley of the Né and its tributaries, Editor: National Naturtal History Museum, Author: JP Sardin
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