|• President of the Departmental Council||Jean-Luc Gleyze (PS)|
|• Total||10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)|
|• Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2.|
Gironde (// zhi-ROND US usually, /-/ ji-, French: [ʒiʁɔ̃d] (listen); Occitan: Gironda, pronounced [dʒiˈɾundo]) is a largest department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway, its prefecture is Bordeaux. In 2016, it had a population of 1,566,679. The famous Bordeaux wine region is in Gironde. It has six arrondissements, making it one of the departments with the most arrondissements (Nord also has six, while Pas-de-Calais has the most of any department, with seven).
From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the Girondist political party of the French Revolution.
Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km², Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km² of French Guiana.
Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.
|•||French Communist Party||3|
|Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition||1|
Current National Assembly Representatives
- Cantons of the Gironde department
- Communes of the Gironde department
- Arrondissements of the Gironde department
- Bordeaux wine regions
- "Gironde". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. n.d. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Gironde". Collins English Dictionary. HarperCollins. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Gironde". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
- C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine. (in French)