Aikanaka (father of Keohokālole)

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ʻAikanaka
High Chief of Hawaii
Died 1837
Spouse Kamaʻeokalani
Mary Napuaelua
Kaiahua
Issue Analea Keohokālole
William Luther Moehonua
House Kalākaua
Father Kepoʻokalani
Mother Keohohiwa

ʻAikanaka (died 1837) was a high chief of the Kingdom of Hawaii and grandfather of two of Hawaii's future monarchs.

Biography[edit]

His father was Chief Kepoʻokalani and his mother was Keohohiwa.[1] His half-brother was Kamanawa II. The name literally means "man eater" in the Hawaiian language.

He was a grandson of two of the five Kona chiefs who supported Kamehameha I in his uprising against Kiwalaʻo: Kameʻeiamoku (one of the "royal twins" on the Coat of Arms of Hawaii) and Keawe-a-Heulu. His family was of high rank and were distant cousins of the House of Kamehameha. He was considered to be of the Keawe-a-Heulu line, his mother's line, and this line is what his grandchildren followed by.[2]

He had one daughter, Keohokālole by Kamaʻeokalani, and probably one son, William Luther Moehonua by Mary Napuaelua.[3][4] ʻAikanaka asked his servant Keawemahi to take Napuaelua and son Moehonua. Moehonua later served as Governor of Maui, and other offices.[5] His daughter Keohokālole by Kamaeokalani served as a member of the House of Nobles.[6] His final wife was Alika Kuaiohua or Kaiahua.[7]

He was in charge of the Punchbowl gun battery and his home was under the Punchbowl hill.[8] His compound included grass structures for cooking, eating, gathering, and retainers' quarters where his daughter gave birth to his two grandchildren: future Queen Liliʻuokalani and King Kalākaua.[9][10]

He was the hānai (adoptive) father of his eldest grandson Kaliokalani. ʻAikanaka died in 1837.[11] He owned vast tracts of land and they were split in half between his son and daughter, and then his daughter's in thirds to her remaining children.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liliuokalani 1898, p. 399.
  2. ^ Liliuokalani 1898, pp. 1–2.
  3. ^ Linnekin, Jocelyn (1990). Sacred Queens and Women of Consequence: Rank, Gender, and Colonialism in the Hawaiian Islands. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press. pp. 104–105. ISBN 0-472-06423-1. 
  4. ^ Liliuokalani (1898). Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen, Liliuokalani. Boston: Lee and Shepard. p. 399. ISBN 978-0-548-22265-2. 
  5. ^ "Moehonua, WIlliam Luther office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  6. ^ "Keohokalole, A. office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-25. 
  7. ^ Cooke, Amos Starr; Cooke, Juliette Montague (1937). Richards, Mary Atherton, ed. The Chiefs' Children School: A Record Compiled from the Diary and Letters of Amos Starr Cooke and Juliette Montague Cooke, by Their Granddaughter Mary Atherton Richards. Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin. p. 61–62. OCLC 1972890. 
  8. ^ Hawaii and Its People By Arthur Grove Day. Page 201
  9. ^ Liliuokalani 1898, p. 2.
  10. ^ Allen, Helena G. (1995). Kalakaua: Renaissance King. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing. p. 1. ISBN 978-1-56647-059-9. 
  11. ^ Hitchcock, Harvey Rexford (1887). An English-Hawaiian Dictionary: With Various Useful Tables: Prepared for the Use of Hawaiian-English Schools. San Francisco: Bancroft Company. p. 248.