Kepoʻokalani

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Kepoʻokalani
Bornc. 1760
SpouseAlapai Wahine
Keohohiwa
Nune
IssueKamanawa II

Kapelakapuokakae

ʻAikanaka

Kalailua,

Piʻianaiʻa
FatherKameʻeiamoku
MotherKamakaʻeheikuli

Kepoʻokalani was a High Chief during the founding of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Two of his grandchildren would marry each other, and two of his great-grandchildren would be the last two ruling monarchs of the Kingdom.

Life[edit]

Kepookalani was born around 1760. His mother was Kamakaʻeheikuli and father was Kameʻeiamoku. He was half-cousin of Kamehameha I, and named after the only full brother of Kamehameha usually called Keliimaikai or Keapo o Kepoʻokalani. His notable half-brothers (with different mothers) were Hoʻolulu and Ulumāheihei Hoapili who both became close advisors to Kamehameha and were trusted to aid in his burial.[1] In the Hawaiian language, ke po'o ka lani means "the royal leader".[2] He married his cousin Chiefess Alapaʻi Wahine and they had a son Kamanawa II (c. 1785–1840) and another son Kapelakapuokakae.[3] Kamanawa was named after the Kamanawa who was a twin of Kepoʻokalani's father. Often he is called Kamanawa ʻŌpio or ʻElua because ʻōpio means "junior"[4] and ʻelua means "second" in Hawaiian.[5] Kamanawa was convicted of the murder of his wife in 1840 and executed.[6]

Kepoʻokalani also married High Chiefess Keohohiwa and had son ʻAikanaka (c. 1790–1868),[7] a child named Kalailua, and then married a Chiefess named Nune (spelled Nenew in some sources)[8] and had a daughter named Piʻianaiʻa.[9]

Kamanawa's son Caesar Kapaʻakea (1815–1866) would marry ʻAikanaka's daughter Analea Keohokālole. They were half-cousins, since they shared only a grandfather, with different grandmothers. Their children were called the House of Kalākaua, including the last two ruling monarchs of the Kingdom: King David Kalākaua (1836–1891) and Queen Liliʻuokalani (1839–1893).[10] Kepoʻokalani was their "double great-grandfather" or "great-grandfather from both sides". This kind of family background was a desirable way to enhance the royal bloodlines at the time, but was attacked by the conservative missionaries later in the 19th century as incest. Even some of the other royals snubbed Kalākaua and did not congratulate him when he came to the throne in 1874.[11]

The Isaac Hale Beach Park on the island of Hawaii was named for a descendant who lived in the area named Isaac Kepoʻokalani Hale.[12]

Family tree[edit]

Key- (k)= Kane (male/husband)
(w)= wahine (female/wife)
Subjects with bold titles, lavender highlighted, bold box= Direct bloodline
Bold title, bold, grey box= Aunts, uncles, cousins line
Bold title, bold white box= European or American (raised to aliʻi status by marriage or monarch's decree)
Regular name and box= makaʻāinana or untitled foreign subject

Kāneikaiwilani (k)Kanalohanaui (k)Keakealani (w)Ahu-a-ʻI (k)Piʻilani (w) IIMoana (k)
Lonoikahaupu (k)Kalanikauleleiaiwi (w)Kauauaʻamahi (k)Keawe II (k)Lonomaʻaikanaka (w)Kauhiahaki (k)Iliki-a-Moana (w)
Keawepoepoe (k)Kanoena (w)Haʻaeamahi (k)Kekelakekeokalani (w)Alapainui (k)Keaka (w)Keeaumoku Nui (k)Kamakaimoku (w)Kaeamamao (k)[i]Kaolanialiʻi (w)[i]
Kameʻeiamoku (k)
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii.png
Kamakaʻeheikuli (w)Keōua (k)Kahekili II (k)Kekuiapoiwa II (w)Ikuaʻana (w)Heulu (k)Moana (w)Keaweʻopala (k)Nohomualani (k)
Keaweaheulu (k)Ululani (w)Hakau (w)Kanaʻina (k)Kauwa (w)Eia (k)
Kepoʻokalani (k)[i]Alapai (w)[i]Keohohiwa (w)Keōpūolani (w)Kamehameha I
Crown of Hawaii (Heraldic).svg
Kalaniʻōpuʻu (k)Kānekapōlei (w)Kiʻilaweau (k)Nāhiʻōleʻa (k)Kahoʻowaha II (w)Inaina (w)
Hao (K)Kailipakalua (w)
Kamanawa II (k)[i]Kamokuiki (w)[i]ʻAikanaka (k)Kamaeokalani (w)Kaōleiokū (k)Keoua (w)Luahine (w)KalaʻimamahuKaheiheimālie
Kamehameha II
Crown of Hawaii (Heraldic).svg
Kamehameha III
Crown of Hawaii (Heraldic).svg
Kekūanāoʻa (k)Kahalaiʻa
Luanuʻu (k)
Pauahi (w)Kīnaʻu (w)Pākī (k)Kōnia (w)Kanaʻina IIKaʻahumanu III
Kapaʻakea
(1815–1866)[i]
Keohokālole
(1816–1869)[i]
Keʻelikōlani (w)Kamehameha IV
Crown of Hawaii (Heraldic).svg
Kamehameha V
Crown of Hawaii (Heraldic).svg
Kaʻahumanu IV
Crown of Hawaii (Heraldic).svg
Pauahi Bishop (w)Bishop (k)Lunalilo (k)
Crown of Hawaii (Heraldic).svg
Kaliokalani
(1835–1852)[i]
Kalākaua
(1836–1891)[i]
Royal Crown of Hawaii.svg
Kapiʻolani
(1834–1899)
Royal Crown of Hawaii.svg
Liliʻuokalani
(1838–1917)[i]
Royal Crown of Hawaii.svg
Dominis
(1832–1891)
Kaʻiulani
(1842–?)[i]
Kaʻiminaʻauao
(1845–1848)[i]
Cleghorn
(1835–1910)
Likelike
(1851–1887)[i]
Leleiohoku II
(1854–1877)[i]
Kaʻiulani
(1875–1899)[i]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Genealogy of Liliuokalani, page 400, appendix B, No. 2 Queen of Hawaii, Liliuokalani (1898). Hawaii's Story by Hawaii's Queen. University of Hawaii Press. p. 400. Retrieved 29 September 2016. Kapaakea genealogy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edith Kawelohea McKinzie; Ishmael W. Stagner, eds. (1986). Hawaiian genealogies: extracted from Hawaiian language newspapers. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 70–72. ISBN 978-0-939154-37-1.
  2. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of po'o". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2012-12-28. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
  3. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "The Story of Hawaiian Royalty: Princess Alapai Weds Her Cousin, Kepookalani". The Honolulu Advertiser. Archived from the original on 2012-07-15.
  4. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of opio". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2012-07-21. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
  5. ^ Pukui and Elbert (2003). "lookup of elua". on Hawaiian dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2012-07-16. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
  6. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "High Chief Kamanawa II Is Hanged for Murder". The Honolulu Advertiser.
  7. ^ "Kepookalani, (k)". Our Family History and Ancestry. Families of Old Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-12-04.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "The Story of Hawaiian Royalty: Confusion Arises Over Familiesʻ Genealogies". The Honolulu Advertiser. Archived from the original on 2012-07-28.
  9. ^ Henry Soszynski. "Kepo'okalani". web page on "Rootsweb". Archived from the original on 2008-04-23. Retrieved 2009-12-22.
  10. ^ Liliʻuokalani, Queen of Hawaii (1898) [1898]. Hawaii's story by Hawaii's queen, Liliuokalani. Lee and Shepard, reprinted by Kessinger Publishing, LLC. ISBN 978-0-548-22265-2.
  11. ^ Kapikauinamoku (1955). "The Story of Maui Royalty: Recognition of Kalakaua Refused by Aristocracy". The Honolulu Advertiser. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29.
  12. ^ Keoni Kealoha Alvarez (2008). "Isaac Hale Memorial Park". Phoiki Surf. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2009-12-19.