Ain Sakhri figurine
|Ain Sakhri figurine|
|Material||stone (calcite cobble)|
|Size||102 mm high|
|Discovered||in Ain Sakhri caves, Wadi Khareitoun near Bethlehem|
|Present location||British Museum, London|
The Ain Sakhri figurine or Ain Sakhri Lovers is a Natufian sculpture that was found in one of the Ain Sakhri caves near Bethlehem. It is approximately 11,000 years old and thought to be the oldest known representation of two people engaged in sexual intercourse. It is held by the British Museum.
The sculpture was identified in 1933 by René Neuville, a French consul in Jerusalem and prehistorian, when looking through random finds obtained by the French Fathers at Bethlehem. He found the stone whilst visiting a small museum with Abbé Breuil. Neuville immediately identified it as important and was able to get an introduction to the Bedouin who had made the finds at Wadi Khareitoun. He was led to a location within the Ain Sakhri caves and it is from these caves that the sculpture gets its name. Excavations of the caves revealed that the cave had been used domestically during the later Epipaleolithic (Natufian). For this reason it is thought that the figurine was used domestically and had not been left there as part of a funeral.
The sculpture was made by carving a single "calcite cobble" which was picked away with a stone point to identify the position of the couple. Although it lacks details, such as faces, it is considered to be a clever piece of sculpture. Artist Marc Quinn has noted that the figure looks different depending on the viewer's perspective, and may resemble a couple, a penis, breasts, or a vagina depending on this perspective, or two testicles when viewed upside-down, from the bottom. Quinn compared it to a modern pornographic film where the action may include close-ups and long shots. It is clear that the figures in the couple are facing each other, but the sex of the figures can only be presumed.
- "British Museum - Ain Sakhri lovers figurine". 2011-08-11. Archived from the original on 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2018-09-12.
- A History of the World -7, BBC.co.uk, accessed July 2010
- Neuville represented the French Republic as vice-consul at Jerusalem from 1928 to 1937 and as consul-general from 1946 to 1952; see footnote on page 301 of Les Mandats Francais Et Anglais Dans Une Perspective (in French); he is known for his work with Skhul and Qafzeh hominids in the Levant.
- A History of the World in 100 objects - Part 7, BBC Radio 4, 26 January 2010, transcript, accessed 23 July 2010
- figurine, British Museum, accessed July 2010
- B. Boyd and J. Cook, 'A reconsideration of the "Ain Sakhri" figurine', Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 59 (1993), pp. 399–405