Academy of Sciences Range
|Academy of Sciences Range
Хребет Академии Наук
Qatorkuhi Akademiyai Fanho
Ismoil Somoni Peak in 1989
|Peak||Ismoil Somoni Peak|
|Elevation||7,495 m (24,590 ft)|
|Parent range||Pamir Mountains|
|Age of rock||Paleozoic|
|Type of rock||sedimentary and metamorphic rocks|
Academy of Sciences Range (Russian: Хребет Академии Наук, Khrebet Akademiy Nauk; Tajik: Qatorkuhi Akademiyai Fanho) is a mountain range in the Western Pamirs of Tajikistan. It is stretched in a north-south direction and considered to be the core of the Pamir mountain system.
The highest peak of the range is the Ismoil Somoni Peak. It was also the highest peak in the former Soviet Union. The length of the Academy of Sciences Range is about 110 km. The crest of the range has an Alpine-like relief with 24 summits more than 6,000 m in height. The lowest saddle point, Kamaloyak (Камалояк), is at the altitude of 4,340 m (14,240 ft).
The range is formed with sedimentary and metamorphic rocks of the Paleozoic Era and partially granites. It is covered with permanent snow, which feeds a large number of big glaciers. The total area of the glacial ice is around 1,500 km².
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