|• Total||8 km2 (3 sq mi)|
|Elevation||480 m (1,570 ft)|
|• Density||4,413.5/km2 (11,431/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-KA|
Aland is a town in Gulbarga district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is the headquarters of Aland Taluk. Aland was formed in 1952 as a Town Municipal Council.It is 521 km from the state capital Bengaluru, 43km from district headquarters Kalaburagi and 72km from Solapur.
Aland Taluk borders Kalaburagi Taluk of Kalaburagi district to the east, Afzalpur Taluk of Kalaburagi district to the south, Basavakalyan Taluk of Bidar district to the north-west. Many efforts have been taken by various Government's to improve the destitute situation of Aland Taluk, but have succeeded extremely less.
It is a dry area, with low rainfall. Most of the population lives in Povery in Aland Taluk. A major number of population has migrated towards cities due to lack scope for water, education, employment. Power shortage is a serious issue in Aland. Aland records the maximum incidents of farmer suicides in North Karnataka's dry zone. Lack of natural resources and education has given birth to serious issues as low industrialization and high unemployment respectively. As a Tehsil, Aland comes in one of the top unproductive tehsils of India in terms of Revenue, Employment, Malnutrition, & lack of Industrial and Agricultural development.
As of 2011[update] India census, Aland had a population of 42,371. Males constitute 51.6% of the population and females 38%. Aland has an low literacy rate of 49.4%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 40% of females literate.
Kannada is the main language spoken in the town. It is the lingua franca. Marathi and Urdu are spoken by Marathas & Muslims respectively.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Aland
- The area of major towns in Karnataka has been mentioned in the webpage Population of Corporation/CMC/TMC/TP belonging to the Municipal Administration Department of the Government of Karnataka
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.