Alexandre de Beauharnais
Viscount of Beauharnais
Portrait by Georges Rouget (1834)
|Birth name||Alexandre François Marie|
28 May 1760|
Fort-Royal, Martinique, France
|Died||23 July 1794
|Buried||Picpus Cemetery, Paris, France|
|Allegiance|| Kingdom of France
First French Republic
|Years of service||1776 – 1793|
|Unit|| French Royal Army
French Revolutionary Army
|Commands held||Army of the Rhine|
French Revolutionary Wars (1792–1802)
|Spouse(s)||Joséphine de Beauharnais (m. 1779–94); his death|
Alexandre François Marie, Viscount of Beauharnais (28 May 1760 – 23 July 1794) was a French political figure and general during the French Revolution. He was the first husband of Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and became Empress of the First Empire.
- Eugène de Beauharnais (3 September 1781 – 21 February 1824).
- Hortense de Beauharnais (10 April 1783 – 5 October 1837), later mother of Napoleon III of France.
Alexandre fought in Louis XVI's army in the American Revolutionary War. He was later deputy of the noblesse in the Estates-General, and was president of the National Constituent Assembly from 19 June to 3 July 1791 and from 31 July to 14 August 1791. Made a general in 1792 (during the French Revolutionary Wars), he refused, in June 1793, to become Minister of War. He was named General-in-Chief of the Army of the Rhine in 1793.
On 2 March 1794, the Committee of General Security ordered his arrest. Accused of having poorly defended Mainz during the Siege of Mainz in 1793, and considered an aristocratic "suspect", he was jailed in the Carmes prison and sentenced to death during the Reign of Terror. His wife, Josephine de Beauharnais, was jailed in the same prison on 21 April 1794, but she was freed after three months, thanks to the trial of Maximilien Robespierre.
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His paternal grandparents Claude de Beauharnais (1680–1738) and Renée Hardouineau (1696–1744) were married in La Rochelle during 1713. His father François de Beauharnais, Marquess de la La Ferté-Beauharnais (1714–1800) served as Governor of Martinique. Alexandre was the third of three sons born to him by his first wife Marie Henriette Pyvart de Chastullé (1722–1767) - the first died in infancy, and the second was Francis VI of Beauharnais. His father was remarried in 1796 to Eugenie de Tascher de la Pagerie (1739–1803).
|Ancestors of Alexandre de Beauharnais|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alexandre de Beauharnais.|
- Marek, Miroslav. "A listing of the descendants of the Beauharnais family". genealogy.euweb.cz.