Alexandre de Prouville de Tracy
Marquis Alexandre de Prouville de Tracy
|Born||1596 or 1603|
|Occupation||Aristocrat, statesman and military leader|
|Governor general of the French Antilles|
9 November 1663 – February 1665
|Preceded by||Phillippe de Longvilliers de Poincy|
|Succeeded by||Antoine Lefèbvre de La Barre|
|Lieutenant general of New France|
6 May 1665 – 12 September 1665
|Preceded by||Augustin de Saffray de Mésy|
|Succeeded by||Daniel de Rémy de Courcelle|
The Marquis de Tracy first made his name as a regimental commander in Germany in the 1640s, then was appointed Commissary-General of the French troops serving in Germany. In 1647 he represented France at the Ulm negotiations with Sweden and Bavaria.
In 1664 a fleet under the Marquis de Tracy carried a force of soldiers and colonists led by Antoine Lefèbvre de La Barre of the newly formed Compagnie de la France équinoxiale to Cayenne. They left the port of La Rochelle, France, on 26 February 1664 with two warships and 400 soldiers. The expedition included 1,200 settlers. They arrived in Cayenne on 11 May 1664. On 15 May 1664 the Dutch general Guerin Spranger agreed to capitulate.
The Marquis de Tracy was then appointed lieutenant-général of New France. The governor was not present, so de Tracy acted as the governor in the Sovereign Council. From his base in Quebec City, he led the Carignan-Salières Regiment in a campaign against the Iroquois peoples. After defeating them and destroying their crops and villages, he launched an attack against the Mohawk nation and caused destruction to their territory in central present-day New York. Marquis Alexandre de Prouville de Tracy seized all the Mohawk lands in the name of the king of France. He forced the Mohawk to accept the Roman Catholic faith and to adopt the French language as taught by the Jesuit missionaries. A mission village for Mohawk Catholics, Kahnawake, was set up south of Montreal.
- Denis, Ferdinand (1837), Brésil (in French), Firmin Didot frères, fils et c, retrieved 28 July 2018
- Julien; Lanier; Cosnard (1857), Mission de Cayenne et de la Guyane Française (Avec une carte geographique.), Voyages et travaux des missionnaires de la compagnie de Jésus: pour servir de complément aux lettres édifiantes (in French), retrieved 28 July 2018
- Lindsay, Lionel (1912). Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company. . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.).
- Mercier, Jean Edouard (1 April 2009), "Le XVIIe Siècle" (PDF), L'armée française et la Guyane (in French), Ibis Rouge Editions, ISBN 978-2-84450-350-3, retrieved 26 July 2018
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