Alexandru Callimachi

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Alexandru Callimachi
Alexandru Callimachi.jpg
Callimachi in 1797
Born 1737
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Died 12 December 1821
Bolu, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Moldavian
Known for Prince of Moldavia
Predecessor Mihai Suţu, brother-in-law
Successor Constantine Ypsilantis
Spouse(s) Elena Ghika
Children Ralu, wife of Ypsilantis
Scarlat Callimachi, hospodar
Parent(s) Ioan Teodor Callimachi and
Raliţa Chrisoscoleo
Relatives Alexandros Kallimachis, grandson
Gavriil Callimachi, uncle
Scarlat Ghika Vodǎ, father-in-law

Alexandru Callimachi (1737 – 12 December 1821) was Prince of Moldavia during the period of 6 May 1795 through 18 March 1799.

Early years[edit]

Alexandru Callimachi was born in Constantinople.[1] His family were an established Moldavian-Greek Phanariote boyar and princely house. He was the son of Ioan Teodor Callimachi, Prince of Moldavia, and Raliţa Chrisoscoleo. Alexandru had three siblings: Grigore Callimachi (1735–1769), Prince of Moldavia; sister, Sevastiţa (born 1736), who married Mihai Suţu, Prince of Moldavia; and sister, Maria (1740–1831). His uncle Gavriil Callimachi (1689–1786) was a monk at Putna Monastery before he founded the St. George Cathedral in Iaşi.


Callimachi served as Grand Dragoman of the Sublime Porte[2] from 1785 to 1794.[1] He gained the title of Prince of Moldavia in 1795.[3] After Callimachi was deposed,[4] he was succeeded by son-in-law Constantine Ypsilantis.

With his reign over, Callimachi retired to Constantinople.

Personal life[edit]

Callimachi sealed a matrimonial alliance with his marriage to Elena Ghika, daughter of Scarlat Ghika Vodǎ, Prince of Moldavia and Prince of Wallachia.[1] They had four children. Their oldest was daughter, Ralu (1769–1797), who married Ypsilantis in 1783. Their first son, the hospodar Scarlat Callimachi, was Prince of Moldavia at three different times, while Scarlat's son Alexandros was conferred the Ottoman title of Bala in June 1861, the first Christian to be so honored. They had two younger children, daughter, Eufrosina (1776–1835), and son, Ioan (1775–1821).

Callimachi died in Bolu in 1821,[1] the same year that Phanariote rule ended with the outbreak of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d Budu-Ghyka, Mona; Florian Budu-Ghyka (July 2006). ";'Arbre Genealogique de la Famille Callimaki" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  2. ^ Budu-Ghyka, Mona; Florian Budu-Ghyka (January 2008). "Question Orient" (PDF) (in French). Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  3. ^ Cahoon, Ben (2000). "Princes". Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  4. ^ "ROMANIA (ROMÂNIA)" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved 2009-02-15. 
  5. ^ "Moldavia". Retrieved 2009-02-15. 

Preceded by
Michael Drakos Soutzos
Grand Dragoman of the Porte
Succeeded by
Constantine Rallis
Preceded by
Mihai Suţu
Prince of Moldavia
Succeeded by
Constantine Ypsilantis