Alfred Karney Young

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Sir
Alfred Karney Young
KC
. Attorney General of British East Africa
In office
1906 – c.1909
Monarch Edward VII
. Chief Justice of the Seychelles
In office
1909 – c.1914
Monarch Edward VII
George V
Governor Sir Walter Davidson
Sir Charles O'Brien
11th Attorney-General of Fiji
In office
1914–1922
Monarch George V
Governor Sir Ernest Sweet-Escott
Sir Cecil Hunter-Rodwell
Preceded by Albert Ehrhardt
Succeeded by Sir Kenneth MacKenzie
. Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands
In office
1920–1921
Monarch George V
Governor Sir Edward Merewether
7th Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific
In office
1923–1929
Monarch George V
Governor Sir Cecil Hunter Rodwell
Sir Eyre Hutson
Preceded by Sir Kenneth MacKenzie
Succeeded by Sir Maxwell Hendry Maxwell-Anderson
9th Chief Justice of Fiji
In office
1923–1929
Monarch George V
Governor Sir Cecil Hunter Rodwell
Sir Eyre Hutson
Preceded by Sir Kenneth MacKenzie
Succeeded by Sir Maxwell Hendry Maxwell-Anderson
Personal details
Born 1 August 1864
Victoria, British Columbia
Died 5 January 1942(1942-01-05) (aged 77)
Tamboerskloof, South Africa
Nationality British subject
Spouse(s) Frances May Buckley (née Miller)
m. 19 April 1930
Alma mater Magdalen College, Oxford
Occupation Lawyer, Jurist
Alfred Karney Young
Personal information
Full name Alfred Joseph Karney Young
Batting style Right-handed
Domestic team information
Years Team
1890 Kent
Career statistics
Competition First-class
Matches 1
Runs scored 10
Batting average 5.00
100s/50s –/–
Top score 6
Balls bowled
Wickets
Bowling average
5 wickets in innings
10 wickets in match
Best bowling
Catches/stumpings –/–
Source: CricketArchive, 14 October 2011

Sir Alfred Joseph Karney Young, KC, (1 August 1864 – 5 January 1942), born in the Colony of British Columbia, was a barrister and judge. He held a number of political and judicial offices, including Attorney General of British East Africa, Chief Justice of the Seychelles, Attorney General of Fiji, Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands, Chief Justice of Fiji, and Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific.

He also played first-class cricket, a single match for Kent in 1890.

Early life and family[edit]

Alfred Young was born in Victoria, Colony of British Columbia (now British Columbia, Canada), where his father, William Alexander George Young (c1827-1885) (later Sir William Young, CMG), was Colonial Secretary and also acting Colonial Secretary of Vancouver Island.[1] See also below. His mother was Cecilia Eliza Cowan Cameron. See also below.

Alfred Young was the youngest of three children. His brother was Sir William Douglas Young (1859-1943), Governor of the Falkland Islands from 1915 to 1920. His sister was Mary Alice Young (b. 1862), who married Frederick Mitchell Hodgson, later Governor of Gold Coast like her father.

He was educated in England at St. Mark's School, Windsor [2] (later Imperial Service College) until 1884, and graduated from Magdalen College, Oxford in 1887.[3]

The pavilion at Lord's, finished a few months before Young's only first-class match, Kent vs. MCC in May 1890

Cricketing career[edit]

Alfred Young played cricket twice for Kent, once in 1887 and again in 1890. The latter event (a drawn three-day match against MCC at Lord's, 8–10 May 1890) was his only first-class match. He also played for Rochester. According to his Wisden obituary, he was a sound, steady batsman, showing special skill in placing the ball off his legs and late cutting.[4][5]

Young was an early pioneer of cricket in British Honduras, his first posting in the judiciary of the British colonial administration.[6]

Legal career[edit]

He was called to the Bar at the Inner Temple, 15 May 1889.[7] His colonial legal career began with an appointment (possibly as Crown Prosecutor) in the British administration of British Honduras (now Belize),[8] where he compiled a list of the colony's laws,[9] and made a report on the 1901 Census.[10]

Young sailed on RMS Etruria on a voyage to Britain in 1893

In April 1893 he sailed on the RMS Etruria from New York for Liverpool (also on board was the Governor of British Honduras, Sir Alfred Moloney).[11]

Young was appointed Crown Prosecutor in the Seychelles in 1903,[12] where he made the decennial revision of the current list of laws of the Seychelles.[13] He served as Attorney General of the British Central Africa Protectorate from May 1906 [14] and Stipendiary Magistrate in Trinidad before being appointed Chief Justice of the Seychelles in 1909.[15]

In June? 1914 (just before the outbreak of World War I) he was appointed Attorney General of Fiji[citation needed], which included his being made an Official Member of the Legislative Council of Fiji.[16]

He was in Sydney in June 1920, the guest at a rugby match of the Governor of New South Wales, Sir Walter Davidson.[17] Davidson had been Governor of the Seychelles when Young was Crown Prosecutor and Attorney General there. In November 1920 Young was appointed Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands,[18] and in 1921 as a member of the Fijian Legislative Council.[19] He was appointed Chief Justice of Fiji and Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific in December 1922,[20] and received a knighthood the following year.[21][22] He was in Sydney again in April 1927.[23]

1928 Royal Commission[edit]

In 1928 Young headed a Royal Commission to investigate whether the swimming baths in the capital, Suva, operated a 'Europeans-only' policy.

Since 1879 the colony of Fiji had imported indentured workers (as cheap labour) from India to work in the European-owned plantations, which produced (according to demand) sea island cotton from the late 1860s to the early 1870s, then copra, then sugarcane from around 1880. This Indian immigration (which ended in 1916) came about because the Pacific Islands (particularly the New Hebrides and the Solomon Islands) couldn't provide enough labour. These islands provided labour from 1864 to 1911, when the European planters in the Solomon Islands and the New Hebrides brought about legislation to prevent emigration from those islands.[24]

The involvement of the Indian Army and India generally during the First World War had convinced the colonial Indian Government of the necessity of enfranchising all Indian citizens, and this was granted in 1917.[25] This move towards "responsible government" included Indians living in Fiji, which replicated in some degree the political motivation and agitation which within India pushed towards the Dominion status enjoyed by Canada, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

Moves towards independence continued to gather pace during Young's time as Chief Justice in Fiji, where many time-served previously indentured labourers from India had stayed on to live permanently. In 1928, Indian Fijians began to complain about low numbers of enfranchised rate-payers in Suva, and about a perceived 'Europeans-only' policy of segregation in the two municipally-run public Suva swimming baths . The Governor, Sir Eyre Hutson appointed a Committee to investigate the municipal matter. The committee split into three factions which each produced a report on the situation. The disagreement between the three groups led to the Governor appointing Young to head a Royal Commission: he found that there had been a policy of segregation, which was brought to an end.[26]

Later life and death[edit]

He retired in 1929, and married Frances May Buckley (née Miller) (1875–4 October 1952) on 19 April 1930. Her parents were Sir Henry Miller (9 September 1830 – 7 February 1917) and Jessie Orbell (d. 23 July 1920). Frances was the widow (married 14 June 1899) of St. John McLean Buckley, a wealthy New Zealand sheep rancher who died in 1916.[27] See below.

Young was later appointed a Resident Magistrate in Cape Town, South Africa, and died there in Tamboerskloof on 5 January 1942, aged 76.[28] A brief notice of his death appeared in the New Zealand Herald.[29]

Selected publications[edit]

Family tree[edit]

William Douglas Young[edit]

Sir Alfred Young's brother.

Sir William Douglas Young KBE, CMG, (27 Jan 1859 - 1943), was a colonial administrator from British Columbia who was Governor of the Falkland Islands from 1915 to 1920.

W. A. G. Young[edit]

Sir Alfred Young's father.

William Alexander George Young (c1827- 25 April 1885), was a Royal Navy officer and colonial administrator who served as Governor of Gold Coast from 1884 till his death in 1885. He was created a Companion of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG) at the time of his appointment as Governor. [1]

Cecilia E. C. Cameron[edit]

Sir Alfred Young's mother.

David Cameron (1804–1872), first Chief Justice of Vancouver Island; Cecilia Eliza Douglas' second husband, and Alfred Young's grandfather.

Cecilia Eliza Cowan Cameron (b. c1832 in Georgetown, British Guiana),[31] was the daughter of a free coloured Creole, Cecilia Eliza Douglas (1812-November 1859) and an itinerant sea captain named Cowan who left British Guiana for America.[32][33] Although she went to the States to join (or search for) him, Cecilia Douglas (Young's grandmother) never found the errant sailor.[note 1]

On her return to British Guiana Cecilia Douglas met and married secondly (on 4 June 1838 in Georgetown)[34] David Cameron (1804–1872), a Scotsman from Perth who at the time was employed on a plantation (quite possibly owned by her father's Glasgow trading firm J. T. & A. Douglas and Company) in Demerara.[note 2][32][33] David Cameron brought his new family back to Britain in 1845, and Cecilia Douglas (now Cameron) arranged for her daughter Cecilia Cowan Cameron (Alfred Young's mother) to Cologne[why?] aged around 13-14 for her education.[38]

Her uncle was the nepotistic James Douglas, the Governor of Colony of Vancouver Island or Vancouver Island who had arrived at what became Fort Victoria in 1843 on the Beaver. Douglas was also Chief Factor of the Hudson's Bay Company, (and later the Governor of British Columbia after its formation in 1859) and came from a tight-knit, exclusive circle of inter-related élite business families in Glasgow.[39] He ran British Columbia and Vancouver Island as a family company, and "the interests of all...seemed hopelessly sacrificed to the company's absolute sway" (p. 271)[citation needed][40]

He paid for Cecilia Cowan to travel to Vancouver Island, and in November 1850 she began the long passage around Cape Horn aboard the Tory, to Fort Victoria, British Columbia.[38][41]

Most likely at Douglas' instigation, in 1853 the governor of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), Andrew Colvile, offered Cameron (her step-father) the position of superintendent of the company's coal mining development at Nanaimo, Vancouver Island. Cameron accepted and arrived with his wife in July 1853 to join their daughter.[33] Shortly after arriving in Vancouver Island in 1853, Cameron was appointed as a judge on the newly created Court of Common Pleas established by the Legislative Council of Vancouver Island.[33][42] His salary of £100 was to be paid from duties on licensed ale-houses. Cameron's appointment was controversial, with opponents of the "family-company compact" noting that not only was he an HBC employee, as were most council members, but he had family ties to Douglas, and had no legal training, either.

Cecilia Eliza Cowan Cameron married Assistant Paymaster William A. G. Young, RN, (later Sir William Young) on 20 March 1858.;[1] Young was soon to be appointed Colonial Secretary of British Columbia, and was later Governor of Gold Coast. He had arrived in BC as Commissioner's secretary on the joint Anglo-Ameerican Boundary Commission for New Caledonia, which - thanks to the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush - shortly became British Columbia, where he became Colonial Secretary.

They had three children:

Cecilia Cowan Cameron's parents[edit]

Sir Alfred Young's great-grandparents:

Cecilia Eliza Douglas (1812- Nov. 1859?) was the youngest of three known illegitimate children born to John (II) Douglas' (1772-1840)[44] and Martha Ann Ritchie (later? Telfer) (c1780s-July 1839). She married David Cameron (1804–1872), first Chief Justice of Vancouver Island.

Cecilia Douglas' father, John (II) Douglas, was in partnership with two of his brothers, Thomas and Archibald, as J. T. & A. Douglas and Company, with cotton and sugar interests in Demerara and Berbice? or Esquisse?. Their father, John (I) Douglas, had married Cecilia Buchanan, whose family owned tobacco plantations in Virginia, USA.[note 3]

John (II) Douglas looked after his firm's sugar plantations in Demerara, where he cohabited with Martha Ann Telfer (née Ritchie) (c1780s-July 1839), Cecilia Cowan Cameron's grandmother. She was a free coloured Creole born in Barbados, living in New Amsterdam, Berbice or Georgetown, Demerara, later British Guiana, now Guyana.[45][46] Martha Ritchie married at some point one Richard? Telfer: her will was in the name of Mrs. M. A. Telfer.

Some twelve years before Cecilia they had two sons (Alfred Young's great-uncles) in Demerara; they were Alexander (b. c1801-2) and James Douglas (b. Demerara 1803). They grew up in Georgetown with their mother, Martha, while John Douglas returned to Scotland and married Jessie (or Janet) Hamilton of Greenock in 1809. However, he continued to consort with Martha Ritchie on another trip (by 1811) to Demerara; their daughter Cecilia Eliza Douglas (1812-Nov. 1859) (Cecilia Cowan's mother), was born in Georgetown in 1812.[31] Douglas took his two sons (aged about 10 and 11) back to Scotland (probably by summer 1812), where they were educated in Lanark.[47][48]

Like her brothers before her, Cecilia Eliza Douglas grew up in Demerara with her mother Martha Ritchie (who at some point married Richard? Telfer in Georgetown), and her grandmother, Rebecca Ritchie. Rebecca was a free coloured or mulatto Creole woman born in Barbados, who moved to New Amsterdam, Demerara with her daughter Martha in the late 1790s and owned 30 slaves.[49][50] When Martha Telfer died in July 1839[46] she left some of her estate to her granddaughter (Alfred Young's mother), Cecilia Eliza Cowan.

Edith Rebecca Cameron[edit]

Charles Doughty-Wylie, VC, Alfred Young's cousin

Alfred Young's maternal aunt

Cecilia Eliza Douglas and David Cameron had one daughter, Edith Rebecca Cameron (Cecilia Cowan Cameron's half-sister). She married in 1860 Henry Montagu Doughty of Theberton Hall, Saxmundham, Suffolk. His brother was Charles Montagu Doughty, author of Travels in Arabia Deserta. Their parents were Rev. Charles Montagu Doughty of Theberton and Louisa Hotham, whose grandfather was the second son of Beaumont Hotham, 2nd Baron Hotham, 12th Baronet and Baron of the Exchequer for 30 years.[51]

Edith Cameron and her husband Henry Doughty (RN) had two sons (Young's cousins). The eldest was Lt-Colonel Charles Hotham Montagu Doughty, VC, (1868-1915), a soldier and military vice-consul in Turkey. He served and fought in Europe, Africa and China, changing his name to Doughty-Wylie to incorporate his wife's maiden name. He was killed at Gallipoli on 25 April 1915 having landing at V Beach from the SS River Clyde. He rallied the troops on the beach to attack Hill 141, its dominant feature, but was killed at the moment of victory.[52] His younger brother was Rear-Admiral Sir Henry Doughty RN (1870-1921),[53] who commanded HMS Agincourt at the Battle of Jutland in 1916, [54][55]

St. John McLean Buckley[edit]

Sir Alfred Young's wife, Frances May Buckley (née Miller) (1875–4 October 1952), was the widow of St. John McLean Buckley, a New Zealand sheep farmer.

Buckley was the nephew and heir of Jock McLean, who originally travelled with his brother Allan from the Isle of Coll, Scotland, to Victoria, Australia, Australia as shepherds, then to Otago in 1852 and sold stuff to gold miners.[56]

A few months after John Turnbull Thomson had surveyed the area, the pastoralist Jock McLean, looking for sheep range, would follow Thomson's directions into the district, stand on Grandview Peak as had the surveyor, and sketch out the boundaries of the massive sheep station of the Morven Hills.[57]

He took up grazing rights (i.e. appropriated) on a huge area of tussock grasslands in the centre of the South Island which he named "Morven Hills". The area is between the plains of the McKenzie basin and the rugged country of Central Otago. There was a short period of gold mining activity about 1862 but since then the principal activity has been pastoral farming, mainly with Merino sheep.[58]

John Polson (born 5 December 1836 at Marrel, Morven Hills nr Helmsdale), a cooper, left Scotland in 1861 or 1862, travelling to New Zealand on the Canterbury and arriving at the Port of Lyttelton in 1862. He journeyed on to Port Chalmers, Otago, in the same year. On his arrival he found a mob of sheep whose shepherd had taken ill. The flock of sheep was consigned to Morven Hills in the Lindis Pass region of Central Otago. Although totally inexperienced in shepherding he agreed to conduct the flock to its destination Morven Hills, a hundred and fifty miles away. He had little idea where the Morven Hills Station was situated and taking the chance he set out with the flock of sheep. There was little in the way of roads in 1862, so by walking across brown tussock covered hills and bare mountains and ridges, and by driving the flock across swiftly flowing rivers he reached the Lindis. When he arrived with the sheep, the owner of Morven Hills, Jock McLean, employed him, and John decided to make his future home here.[59]

In 1910, the Morven Hills estate was split up for settlers and the three blocks of Breast Hill, Forest Range and Bargour were created for purchase.[58] McLean died in 1902 leaving £213,000.

Picture of Redcastle, the mansion built on the McLean estate (now St. Kevin's College), north of Oamaru, by Jock McLean's heir and nephew, St. John McLean Buckley.

Lyttelton, New Zealand, 8 January 1910: Stuart Walls (a former employee of Bank of New Zealand) was charged with having forged and uttered a cheque for £100, purporting to have been signed by St. John McLean Buckley. Remanded to appear Oamaru on Monday[60] He was found guilty and sentenced to 3 months' imprisonment.[61]

The estate of the late Mr. St. John McLean Buckley, of Otago (N.Z.), has been assessed for stamp duty at £138,770 (or £158,770 or £166,884 according to other sources)[62] Buried in old Oamaru cemetery

St. John Buckley was President of Oamaru Caledonian Society.[63]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "She bore a great resemblance to him—a tall stout—dignified—rather muscular (with a little fat) lady, with the West Indian manners—very polite and nice, but she differed from her brother in that she liked a joke and laughed rather pleasantly. Cameron was her second husband—the first named Cowan had gone to the States; she followed him but could not find any traces altho she travelled much through different states in difficulty and distress. No tidings came to her of him. She always spoke in the most heartfelt manner of the American people, who had been very kind and hospitable, assisted her in every possible way." J. S. Helmcken, Reminiscences, Vol III, MS. in (Victoria?) Provincial Archives; quoted from pp. 202—203 of the transcript of the original. Cited in Lamb 1953, pp. 46–7. Helmcken was a solicitor in Victoria.
  2. ^ J. T. & A. Douglas & Co. made at least two claims to the Slave Compensation Commission (1812-1851) after slavery was abolished by the Slavery Abolition Act 1833.
    1. For the loss of 132 enslaved people on their Belmont plantation in British Guiana, the amount awarded on 13 May 1837 was £3500 8s 6d. Various estimates of its value in 2014[35] range through £2,591,000 to £4,992,000 and up to £12,420,000.[36]
    2. For the loss of 236 enslaved persons on their Better Hope plantation in British Guiana, the amount awarded on 30 November 1835 was £12407 13s 2d. Various estimates of its value in 2014[35] range through £9,185,000 to £17,700,000 and up to £44,020,000.[37]
    The trading and banking side of the British Empire was formed on such vast amounts of cash paid to ex-slave owners. These two claims alone could represent up to £56,000,000 today.
  3. ^ John (II) Douglas was the third of eight children born to John (I) Douglas and Cecilia Buchanan, who came from a wealthy prominent Glasgow family with a tobacco plantation in Virginia on the Potomac River adjoining that of George Washington's elder brother.(Girard 1986, pp. 4–6) Their children were:
    1. William Douglas(1769 - before 1828)
    2. Cecilia (I) Douglas (c1770 - 25 July 1862), inherited Orbiston Park, on the R. Calder twixt Bothwell & Hamilton. Left £40,365 in her will.
    3. John (II) Douglas (1771 or 2 - 1840) - Alfred Young's grandfather
    4. Neil (incorrectly Neill) Douglas (1773 or 4 - 1853) - Colonel or Lt-General with Scottish regiments.
    5. Thomas Dunlop Douglas (1775 - Jan 1869) - Left £300,000 in his will.
    6. Archibald Douglas (1776 - 1860)
    7. James Douglas (? - d. before 1853?)
    8. Colin Douglas (? - d. before 1828)
    Date information is scattered through (Girard 1986). John (II) Douglas was in partnership with two of his brothers, Thomas and Archibald, as J. T. & A. Douglas and Company, with cotton and sugar interests in Demerara and Berbice? or Esquisse?.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c Hendrickson 2000.
  2. ^ "History of The Imperial Services College, Windsor by ThamesWeb". thamesweb.co.uk. 
  3. ^ Foster 1893, p. 679.
  4. ^ Wisden Cricketers' Almanack 1943.
  5. ^ Alfred Young's 1st-Class Batting & Fielding stats.36
  6. ^ ICC Affiliate Members - Belize. Also possibly see Handbook of British Honduras 1892-93
  7. ^ Guyot 1907, p. 310.
  8. ^ Proceedings of the Royal Colonial Institute, Volume XXIII, 1891-92. Present at session's 1st ordinary general meeting: Alfred J. K. Young, B.A.
  9. ^ Young 1897.
  10. ^ Young 1901.
  11. ^ New York Herald 30 April 1893 p. 12, col. 3
  12. ^ Durup, Julien (2008). "The First Chief Justice of the Seychelles". Seychelles-eNews. Retrieved 2012-05-12. 
  13. ^ Herchenroder & Young 1904.
  14. ^ The London Gazette, 18 May 1906, p. 3465
  15. ^ The London Gazette, 9 July 1909, p. 5283
  16. ^ Alfred Karney Young, Esq., to be "Official Member" of the Legislative Council of the Colony of Fiji. The London Gazette, 25 August 1914 p. 6684
  17. ^ "07 Jun 1920 - PERSONAL. VICE-REGAL.". nla.gov.au. 
  18. ^ Appointments by the Secretary of State for the Colonies, November 1920. Mr. A. K. Young (Attorney General, Fiji), Chief Justice, Leeward Islands. Royal Colonial Institute Journal, Vol. XII (New Series) 1921, page 56
  19. ^ Downing Street, 25 January 1921: The King has been pleased to confirm the appointment of — Alfred Karney Young, Esq.', K.C. (Attorney General) to be nominated Members of the Legislative Council of the Colony of Fiji.The London Gazette, 28 January 1921, p.779
  20. ^ The King has been pleased to give directions for the appointment of Alfred Karney Young, Esq~. (Chief Justice, Leeward Islands),to be Chief Justice of Fiji and Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific.The London Gazette, 5 December 1922 (Also, coincidentally on the same page, there is a NOTICE OF INTENDED DISTRIBUTION OF NAVAL SALVAGE MONEY by the Department of the Accountant-General of the Navy, 5 December 1922; this was familiar territory to Maxwell Maxwell-Anderson, (counsel for the Admiralty in the Prize Court from 1916 to 1918) who succeeded Sir Arthur Young as Chief Justice of Fiji...)
  21. ^ The KING has been graciously pleased to signify His Majesty's intention of conferring the honour of Knighthood on the following: — Alfred Karney Young, Esq., Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands; Chief Justice designate of the Supreme Court of Fiji, and Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific.Supplement to "The London Gazette" of 29 December 1922
  22. ^ His Knighthood was conferred at Buckingham Palace on 15 February 1923.The London Gazette,15 February 1923
  23. ^ "Sir Alfred Young, Chief Justice of Fiji, will sail from Sydney today on the [[RMS Niagara|Niagara]] on his return to Suva."The Sydney Morning Herald, 7 April 1927
  24. ^ Shlomowitz 1986, pp. 109-111.
  25. ^ Daley 1996, p. 43.
  26. ^ Daley 1996, p. 124.
  27. ^ "- Person Page 51301". thepeerage.com. 
  28. ^ "Wisden – 1943 – Obituaries in 1942". Wisden Cricketers' Almanack. Retrieved 2008-09-27. 
  29. ^ "Death at Capetown: former official in Fiji". New Zealand Herald, 7 January 1942, p. 8, col. 1 (last item).
  30. ^ Durup, Julien (2008). Chief Justice of the Seychelles. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  31. ^ a b Lamb 1953, pp. 43,48.
  32. ^ a b Lamb 1953, pp. 43,46-48.
  33. ^ a b c d Sampson 1972.
  34. ^ Girard 1979, p. 26n.
  35. ^ a b "Five Ways to Compute the Relative Value of a UK Pound Amount, 1270 to Present". MeasuringWorth.com. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  36. ^ "British Guiana 586A (Pln Belmont)". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. UCL Department of History. 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  37. ^ "British Guiana 550 (Pln Better Hope)". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. UCL Department of History. 2015. Retrieved 24 September 2015. 
  38. ^ a b Lamb 1953, p. 47.
  39. ^ Girard 1986, pp. 4-5.
  40. ^ Also see reference to Edward Fanshawe and this...
  41. ^ Hunter 2000, p. 21.
  42. ^ Gazetted 30 December 1914. He was previously Administrator of St. Lucia. The London Gazette, No.29026, p. 55. Arrived in May 1915. Banned humpback whaling 1918-1919. The European Antarctic. Knighted KBE 1919. The London Gazette. (Sep 1919 - Apr 1920 Thomas Reginald St. Johnston (b. 1881 - d. 1950) acting governor). Sir John Middleton becomes Governor, 19 September 1920. The London Gazette, No.32047. Falklands timeline Archived 2 November 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  43. ^ Lamb 1953, pp. 42,45.
  44. ^ Adams 2011, pp. 2-4.
  45. ^ a b Lamb 1953, p. 43.
  46. ^ Lamb 1953, pp. 42,46.
  47. ^ Girard 1977, p. 57.
  48. ^ "Old Square-Toes and His Lady". google.co.uk. 
  49. ^ Girard 1979, p. 27.
  50. ^ Massue 2013, p. 522.
  51. ^ Bourne, J. M. (2004). "Wylie, Charles Hotham Montagu Doughty, (1868–1915)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (May 2006, online ed.). Oxford University Press. Retrieved 22 Nov 2013. 
  52. ^ "Rear Admiral H M Doughty". onesuffolk.net. 
  53. ^ Lamb 1953, p. 50.
  54. ^ Also maybe Henry Montagu Doughty at The Dreadnought Project. Retrieved 20 November 2013.
  55. ^ The Colonial Wealthy in Canterbury and Otago: No Idle Rich JIM McALOON
  56. ^ Isern, Tom (8 April 2004). "Plains Folk: Surveyor Thomson". News: NDSU Agriculture Communication. North Dakota State University. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  57. ^ a b http://www.forestrange.co.nz/personal.html Forest Range
  58. ^ Where did they go from Helmsdale?
  59. ^ "Papers Past — Press — 8 January 1910 — MAGISTRATE'S COURT.". natlib.govt.nz. 
  60. ^ "Papers Past — Ashburton Guardian — 2 February 1910 — SUPREME COURT SESSIONS.". natlib.govt.nz. 
  61. ^ "15 Jun 1916 - PERSONAL.". nla.gov.au. 
  62. ^ The Cyclopedia of New Zealand (1903) [Otago & Southland Provincial Districts] - Societies.
Sources

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Attorney General of British East Africa
1906–c.1909
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Attorney General of the Seychelles
1909-c.1914
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Albert Ehrhardt
Attorney General of Fiji
1914-1922
Succeeded by
Sir Kenneth MacKenzie
Preceded by
Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands
1920-1921
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Sir Kenneth MacKenzie
Chief Judicial Commissioner for the Western Pacific
1923-1929
Succeeded by
Sir Maxwell Hendry Maxwell Anderson
Chief Justice of Fiji
1923-1929