Aliki Vougiouklaki

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Aliki Vougiouklaki
Vougiouklakialiki.jpg
Native name Αλίκη Σταματίνα Βουγιουκλάκη
Born Aliki Stamatina Vougiouklaki
(1934-07-20)20 July 1934
Marousi, Attica and Boeotia Prefecture, Greece
Died 23 July 1996(1996-07-23) (aged 62)
Athens, Greece
Resting place Athens, Greece
Occupation Film and stage actress; singer
Years active 1952–1996
Spouse(s) Dimitris Papamichail (1965–1975)
Giorgos Iliadis (early 1980s-1982)
Children Yiannis Papamichail (b. 1969)
Vougiouklaki giving autograph. Israel 1964

Aliki Stamatina Vougiouklaki (Greek: Αλίκη Σταματίνα Βουγιουκλάκη; 20 July 1934 – 23 July 1996) was a Greek actress, best known for her films and theatrical plays, and theatrical producer. She was one of the most popular actresses in Greece, and was given the title of the "National Star" of Greece. Theatrically she has mostly created renditions of widely known Broadway musicals as well as Greek tragedy plays. She died after fighting pancreatic cancer at the age of 62.

Biography[edit]

Vougiouklaki was born in Marousi. Daughter of Emmy Koumoundourou and Ioannis Vougiouklakis, who was the provincial governor of Arcadia in the Peloponnese during the war and was executed by the resistance organization ELAS as a collaborator. She had two brothers, Takis Vougiouklakis (film director) and Antonis (an architect).

As a student, she used to participate in school plays which eventually led her to an acting career. In 1952, she secretly auditioned for National Theatre of Greece, passed the exams and started attending the classes. She graduated 3 years later with Very Good, after receiving Very Good by just one teacher of hers, when the rest of them gave her an Excellent.

Career[edit]

Her first theatrical role was in The Imaginary Invalid, Molière, in 1953, while her first movie was in 1954, called The Little Mouse. She appeared in 42 movies, mostly musicals, television programs and theatre productions. She co-starred with Dimitris Papamichail in most of the movies and in a number of theatrical plays.

She received the prize for lead woman's role at the inaugural Greek Cinema Festival in Thessaloniki in 1960 for her starring role in Mantalena, while the movie Ipolochagos Natassa. (1970) is the biggest office success in Greek Cinema. The following two also belong to her.

In 1961 she gather her own theater company and presented great theatrical plays. In 1962 she was contracted to be the star in Finos Films' English language film Aliki, My love (also known as Aliki). It premiered in London in June 1963, in New York in December 1963, and in Athens in 1964, but it didn't receive the expected success. This was her one and only attempt to become an international movie star.

She was popularly known in press as National Star of Greece - a term first coined by journalist Eleni Vlahou in 1959. Her last movie was "Nelly, The Spy" (Κατάσκοπος Νέλλη), in 1981. The decline of Greek Cinema lead her into concentrating on her theatrical career, putting on 53 plays. In 1975 she brings on stage the big musicals, which changes the until-now way of putting musical shows on.

In 2008, her son published a biography of Vougiouklaki, Eho Ena Mistiko (I Have A Secret), the title of a song the actress sang in ''Maidens' Cheeks. That same year, a television series based on the book, aired on Alpha TV channel.

Personal life[edit]

Vougiouklaki married her co-student in National Theater and co-player, Dimitris Papamichail, on January 18, 1965. On June 4, 1969, she gave birth to their child, Yiannis Papamichail. Although, the couple got divorced in 1975, due to "Irreconcilable Differences". The serious problems in their marriage appeared approximately two years earlier. She was dating Nasos Botsis at the time, while Papamichail also had another affair.

In 1992 in an interview with Nikos Hadjinikolaou, Vougiouklaki revealed that she secretly married to the Greek Cypriot businessman, Giorgos Iliadis, on January 25, 1982, in Athens, whom she met in 1976. The couple got a divorce a couple of months later, due to Iliadi's personal reasons, which Vougiouklaki respected.

In April 1982 she started an affair with Vlassis Bonatsos, which lasted almost 6 years, till the December of 1987. Her last partner, for 8 years, was the Greek actor Kostas Spiropoulos (1988-1996). She met both of them during auditions for her plays.

Death[edit]

In April 1996, while on tour in Thessaloniki performing "The Sound of Music", Vougiouklaki had severe stomachaches, which she believed were caused by the antibiotics she took due to the bronchitis which had been bothering her. After performing tests at the Express Service, a medical diagnostic center in Thessaloniki, she was diagnosed with hepatoma, a malignant tumor in her liver. Not having realized the gravity of the situation, she continued performing for another week before the tour was finally canceled, with her last performance onstage being on April 28.

In Athens, a group of three professor doctors discovered that the actress had pancreatic cancer. On May 7, she traveled to Munich, where she underwent a series of additional tests during the three days she stayed there. On May 10, Vougiouklaki returned to Greece. On May 15, she made her last trip to Massachusetts General Hospital in the U.S. in a final effort to be cured. On May 19, she returned permanently to Athens and finally, on May 22 entered the Athens Medical Center.[1][2][3] On July 14 she fell into hepatic coma and had no communication with those around her. After two months of hospitalization, Vougiouklaki died on July 23, 1996 at 10:15 in Athens Medical Center.[4] Her funeral was held in Athens Cathedral on July 25, 1996 and she was buried in the First Cemetery of Athens.

Trivia[edit]

  • Chtipokardia sto thranio (1963) was shot simultaneously in Greek and Turkish, with two different crews. Vougiouklaki starred in both versions, with her voice being dubbed in the Turkish version, Siralardaki heyecanlar.[5][6][7]
  • The film, Ipolochagos Natassa (1970) sold 751,000 tickets in Athens, which made it the most successful film in Greece, a record held for almost three decades before being broken by Safe Sex.[8]
  • She worked with writer Willy Russell when she performed in Shirley Valentine onstage in 1989.
  • Scottish writer Ali Smith used a portrait of Vougiouklaki (from the picture Klotsoskoufi by Dinos Dimopoulos, 1960) in her book Artful about four lectures given at Oxford University by the writer.

Filmography[edit]

Cinema[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1954 To Koritsi Me Ta Louloudia or To Pontikaki (The Girl with Flowers or The Little Mouse) Krinoula (or Pontikaki)
1955 O Agapitikos Tis Voskopoulas (Lover of the Shepherdess) Kristallo
1956 To Koritsi Me Ta Paramithia (The Girl With The Fairy Tales) Agni
1957 Maria Pentagiotissa Maria Pentagiotissa
Diakopes Stin Aegina (Holidays in Aegina) Aliki
Charoumeni Alites (Happy Tramps) Annoula
Erotas Stous Ammolofous (Love in the Sand Dunes) Anna
I Zavoliara (The Cheater) Lenio
1958 Erotikes Istories (Love Stories) Maritsa Vertebrate movie with 3 parts. Vougiouklaki starred at the 3rd part, «The Sunday Rendez-Vous».
O Mimikos Ke I Mary (Mimikos and Mary) Mary Weber
I Mousitsa (The Jade) Aliki
Astero Astero
1959 To Ksilo Vgike Ap' Ton Paradiso (The Beating Come Out From Paradise - Int'l title: Maiden's Cheek) Liza Papastavrou Best Retrospective Movies Award at 1st Thessaloniki International Film Festival[9] - The vinyl that contained 2 songs from the film, the «Echo Ena Mistiko» (I have a secret) and «To Gkrizo Gati» (The gray kitten); both music composition by Manos Hadjidakis, was the 1st Gold Disk ever awarded in Greek discography history.[10][11][12]
1960 To Klotsoskoufi (The Kicked Skull-Cap) Mary Georganta
Madalena Madalena Best Actress in a Leading Role Award at 1st Thessaloniki International Film Festival[13]
1961 I Liza Ke I Alli (Liza and the Other Woman) Liza Fragoudi/Mitsi Gavriiloglou
I Aliki Sto Nautiko (Aliki in the Navy; international title: Alice in the Navy) Aliki
1962 Taxidi (The Trip) Marina
1963 I Pseftra (The Liar) Mary Delipetrou
Aliki Aliki Her first and only English-speaking film, opposite costars Wilfrid Hyde-White and Jess Conrad. Rudolph Maté was the director.[14]
Chtipokardia Sto Thranio (Heartbeats at Desk) Liza Petrovasili
Siralardaki Heyecanlar (During the Thrills) Turkish version of «Chtipokardia Sto Thranio»
1964 I Soferina (The Woman Chauffeur) Mary Diamantidou
To Doloma (The Bait) Keti
O Paras Ke O Foukaras (The Lucre and the Wretch) Cameo as herself
1965 Monterna Stahtopouta (Modern Cinderella) Katerina Pieri
1966 I Kori Mou I Sosialistria (My Daughter the Socialist) Liza Delvi «Sotiris»
Diplopenies (international title: Dancing The Syrtaki) Marina
1967 To Pio Lampro Asteri (The Brightest Star) Katerina
Ah Afti I Gineka Mou (Ah My Wife) Nina
1968 To Koritsi Tou Louna Park (The Girl from the Amusement Park) Margarita
I Arhontissa Ke O Alitis (Lady and the Tramp) Rena Katsarou - Pipis
I Agapi Mas (Our Love) Marina Razelou
1969 I Neraida Ke To Palikari (The Fairy and the Young Man) Katerinio Fourtounaki
I Daskala Me Ta Ksantha Mallia (The Teacher with the Blonde Hair) Mirto Theodorou Karatasou
1970 Ena Asteio Koritsi (A Funny Girl) Christina Her son Giannis, appears as an infant laughing in the Circus during her performance.
Ipolochagos Natassa (Lieutenant Natassa) Natassa Armeni
1971 S' Agapo (I Love You) Angela
I Kori Tou Iliou (The Daughter of the Sun) Maya Vali
1972 I Aliki Diktator (Aliki Dictator) Aliki
I Maria Tis Siopis (Mary of the Silence) Maria Gerali
1980 Poniro Thiliko, Katergara Gineka (Cunning Female, Trickster Woman) Elena Ntavari
1981 Kataskopos Nelly (Nelly the Spy) Nelly

Television[edit]

Year Title Role Episodes Channel Notes
1975 Vasilissa Amalia (Queen Amalia)[15] Queen Amalia 68 EIRT Based on a fictional love story between Amalia of Oldenburg, former Queen of Greece and spouse of King Otto and Dimitrios Kallergis.
1977 I Theatrina (Actress)[16] Julia 33 ERT Based on W. Somerset Maugham's and Guy Bolton's novel Theatre.
1991 Ke Efthimi Ke Hira (Merry and a Widow) Anna Radek 15 ΑΝΤ1 Based on Franz Lehár's operetta, The Merry Widow.
1993 O Hiros, I Hira Ke Ta Hirotera (The Widower, the Widow and The Worst) Helena Halkou - Magie - Herself 1 (22nd) ΑΝΤ1
1993 Deka Mikroi Mitsi (Ten Little «Mitsi») An arrested woman 1 (20th)[17] MEGA
1995 Enan Elliniko (A Greek Coffee) Cameo (as herself) 1 (1st) ΑΝΤ1

References[edit]

External links[edit]