Allie Edward Stakes Stephens

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Allie Edward Stakes Stephens
27th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
In office
December 2, 1952 – January 13, 1962
Governor John S. Battle
Thomas B. Stanley
James L. Almond, Jr.
Preceded by Lewis Preston Collins II
Succeeded by Mills E. Godwin, Jr.
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 5th district
In office
January 14, 1942 – December 2, 1952
Preceded by Edward E. Holland
Succeeded by Mills E. Godwin, Jr.
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates from Isle of Wight County
In office
January 8, 1930 – January 14, 1942
Preceded by D. W. Chapman
Succeeded by Ernest H. Williams, Jr.
Personal details
Born Allie Edward Stakes Stephens
(1900-11-04)November 4, 1900
Northumberland, Virginia, U.S.
Died June 9, 1973(1973-06-09) (aged 72)
Newport News, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Anna Spratley Delk
Alma mater College of William & Mary
Profession Attorney

Allie Edward Stakes Stephens, usually known as "A. E. S." or "Gi" Stephens (November 4, 1900 – June 9, 1973), was a Virginia lawyer and Democratic Party politician who served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly and as the 27th Lieutenant Governor of Virginia from 1952 to 1962.[1] His state political career ended with a loss in the Democratic primary for Governor in 1961, after he and Governor James Lindsay Almond Jr. broke with the Byrd Organization, which wanted to continue its policy of Massive Resistance to desegregation of Virginia's schools after both the Virginia Supreme Court and a 3-judge federal panel ruled most elements unconstitutional in 1959.[2]

Early and family life[edit]

Born on November 4, 1900, in Wicomico Church, Virginia, Gi was the fourth son of J.W.G. Stephens (a former cowboy turned general merchandise store owner) and Allie Tyson Beane Stephens. He attended local public schools in Northumberland County through high school. Beginning in 1919, Stevens attended the College of William and Mary where he was a star baseball pitcher. There he gained the nickname "Gi" meaning "giraffe" for his lanky physique. He continued on to graduate with both an undergraduate and a law degree in 1923, declining an offer to play for the Washington Senators farm system. He married Anna Spratley Delk (1903–2001) of Smithfield in 1928, and they had three children (and many grandchildren) who survived their parents.

Career[edit]

Upon admission to the Virginia bar, Stephens began a private legal practice in Isle of Wight County, Virginia. He declined to run against the local commonwealth's attorney in 1927, having witnessed that man successfully transport an accused African-American prisoner to the Petersburg jail rather than accede to a local lynch mob. Stephens did, however, become active in politics, and later the Byrd Organization. He was elected the Isle of Wight's delegate to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1929 and served for 12 years in that part-time position. In 1940, Stephens successfully ran for Senate District 5, then encompassing Nansemond, Suffolk, Southampton, and Isle of Wight. His main legislative accomplishments included establishing the Hampton Roads Sanitation Commission, the Denny Commission (which improved public education) and assisting the local seafood industry.

After the unexpected death of lieutenant governor Lewis Preston Collins II, Stephens ran in the 3-candidate Democratic primary and won in the special election as well. He took office on December 2, 1952, and won reelection in 1953 and 1957. During the Massive Resistance crisis, after both the Virginia Supreme Court and a 3-judge federal panel held most elements of the Stanley plan unconstitutional, Stephens and Governor James Lindsay Almond Jr. realized further active resistance was futile, and hurt Virginia businesses as well as citizens. In April 1959, Stephens presided over the State Senate during a parliamentary maneuver that helped State Senators Mosby Perrow Jr., Armistead Boothe and Stuart B. Carter (among others) narrowly secure passage of bills which allowed localities to determine whether to desegregate their schools.[3] Stephens resigned in December 1960 to run for governor (following Almond's early declaration example). However, the Byrd Organization slated Albertis Harrison (the attorney general who had supported segregation and litigation against the NAACP) as their candidate. Stephens lost in the 1961 Democratic primary (199,519 to 152,639), and Byrd loyalists Mills Godwin defeated moderate Armistead Boothe for lieutenant Governor and Robert Young Button defeated professor T. Munford Boyd for attorney general. However, the machine's vote totals were lower than previously. Harrison defeated Republican H. Clyde Pearson in November, as the Byrd slate won one of its last victories as Virginia's demographics changed.[4]\[5]

Stanley never again ran for statewide office, though he served as the town attorney for Smithfield until December, 1971, and remained active in the town's Christ Episcopal Church. He retained political influence in Virginia, even as the Byrd organization declined. Stephens helped restore and preserve the commonwealth's oldest Episcopal church, St. Luke's Church, and was a member of Old Dominion University's Board of Visitors until 1972.

Death and legacy[edit]

Stephens died after a short illness at Riverside Hospital in Newport News, Virginia. He and Anna are buried in the cemetery of the historic St. Luke's Church at Smithfield that they helped preserve.[6] Old Dominion University has his papers from 1949–1961.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A. E. S. Stephens entry at The Political Graveyard
  2. ^ "A Guide to the Papers of A. E. S. Stephens, 1949–1961". Old Dominion University. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  3. ^ Robert Heinemann, Harry Byrd of Virginia (Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press, 1996) pp. 350–351
  4. ^ Heinemann pp. 407–409
  5. ^ Frank B. Atkinson, The Dynamic Dominion (Rowman & Littlefield, 2006) pp 129–132
  6. ^ Allie Edward Stakes Stephens at Find a Grave
  7. ^ "A. E. S. Stephens Papers, 1949–1961 | Special Collections and University Archives". Lib.odu.edu. Retrieved 2016-07-03. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Lewis Preston Collins II
Lieutenant Governor of Virginia
1952–1962
Succeeded by
Mills E. Godwin, Jr.