Allium tolmiei

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Allium tolmiei
"Allium tolmiei" seeds collected in England
Allium tolmiei seeds collected in England
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Allioideae
Genus: Allium
A. tolmiei
Binomial name
Allium tolmiei
  • Allium anceps var. aberrans M.E.Jones
  • Allium cusickii S.Watson
  • Allium douglasii var. tolmiei (Baker) Traub
  • Allium persimile (Ownbey) Traub & Ownbey
  • Allium platyphyllum Tidestr.
  • Allium pleianthum S.Watson
  • Allium tolmiei var. platyphyllum (Tidestr.) Ownbey

Allium tolmiei (Tolmie's onion) is a plant species native to Idaho, eastern and central Oregon, southeastern Washington, northwestern Nevada and northeastern California. It occurs on mountains and scrublands at elevations of 1,300–9,200 feet (400–2,800 m).[3][4] It was discovered by and named for Dr. William Fraser Tolmie.

Allium tolmiei produces ovoid to oblique bulbs up to 0.79 inches (2 cm) long, the bulbs generally disappearing at flowering time but then reforming later. Flowers are bell-shaped, up to 0.47 inches (12 mm) across; tepals white to pink with reddish midribs; anthers purple or yellow; pollen yellow.[3][5][6][7][8]

Two varieties are currently recognized:[2][3]

  • Allium tolmiei var. tolmiei - scapes 2.0–11.8 inches (5–30 cm) tall; stamens shorter than tepals
  • Allium tolmiei var. persimile Ownbey (syn Allium persimile (Ownbey) Traub & Ownbey) - scapes 3.9–15.7 inches (10–40 cm) tall; stamens longer than sepals—known only from the Seven Devils Mountains in Idaho[9][10][11]


  1. ^ "Tropicos | Name - Allium tolmiei Baker".
  2. ^ a b "Allium tolmiei Baker — the Plant List".
  3. ^ a b c "Allium tolmiei in Flora of North America @". Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  4. ^ BONAP (Biota of North America {Program) floristic synthesis, Allium tolmiei
  5. ^ Baker, John Gilbert. 1876. Botanical Magazine pl. 6227.
  6. ^ Traub, Hamilton Paul. 1945. Herbertia 12: 68.
  7. ^ Hitchcock, C. H., A.J. Cronquist, F. M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson. 1969. Vascular Cryptogams, Gymnosperms, and Monocotyledons. 1: 1–914. In C. L. Hitchcock Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
  8. ^ "Tolmie's Onion Allium tolmiei var. Tolmiei (Synonyms: Allium cusickii, Allium pleianthum, Allium tolmiei var. Platyphyllum)".
  9. ^ Ownbey, Francis Marion. 1950. Research Studies of the State College of Washington 18(1): 29–32, f. 13.
  10. ^ "photo of herbarium specimen at Missouri Botanical Garden, isotype of Allium tolmiei var. persimile".
  11. ^ Traub, Hamilton Paul, & Ownbey, Francis Marion. 1967. Plant Life 23: 110.