John Gilbert Baker

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

John Gilbert Baker

John Baker
Born13 January 1834
Died16 August 1920
EducationQuaker schools

Ackworth School

Bootham School
Scientific career
Author abbrev. (botany)Baker

John Gilbert Baker FRS (13 January 1834 – 16 August 1920) was an English botanist. His son was the botanist Edmund Gilbert Baker (1864–1949).


Baker was born in Guisborough in North Yorkshire, the son of John and Mary (née Gilbert) Baker, and died in Kew.

He was educated at Quaker schools at Ackworth School and Bootham School,[2][3] York.

He then worked at the library and herbarium of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew between 1866 and 1899, and was keeper of the herbarium from 1890 to 1899. He wrote handbooks on many plant groups, including Amaryllidaceae, Bromeliaceae, Iridaceae, Liliaceae, and ferns. His published works include Flora of Mauritius and the Seychelles (1877) and Handbook of the Irideae (1892).

He married Hannah Unthank in 1860.[4] Their son Edmund was one of twins, and his twin brother died before 1887.[5][6]

John G. Baker was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1878.[7] He was awarded the Veitch Memorial Medal of the Royal Horticultural Society in 1907.

Taxa named in honour[edit]

Several plant species with the epithet bakeriana or bakeranius and bakeranium have been named in honour of John G. Baker.[8]


Selected publications[edit]

A picture of Baker (undated, but before 1906)
  • Baker, J. G. (1874). "Revision of the Genera and Species of Tulipeae". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. xiv (76): 211–310. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.1874.tb00314.x.
  • Baker, John Gilbert (1874). "A Classified Synonymic List of all the Known Crocuses, with their Native Countries, and References to the Works where they are Figured". Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society of London. 4 (14): 111–119.


  1. ^ Britten, James (1920). Britten, James (ed.). "John Gilbert Baker (1834–1928)". The Journal of Botany, British and Foreign. London: Taylor and Francis. 58: 233–238 – via BHL.
  2. ^ Woodland, Jenny (2011). Bootham School Register. York, England: BOSA.
  3. ^ Desmond, Ray. "Baker, John Gilbert". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/38296. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ^ "Baker, John Gilbert". Who's Who. 1919. p. 100.
  5. ^ Hannah Unthank, mother of 3 -
  6. ^ List of Members of the Quarterly Meeting of London & Middlesex. London: Society of Friends. 1886. p. 85.
  7. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 30 January 2011.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Dr Ross Bayton RHS Gardener’s Botanical: An Encyclopedia of Latin Plant Names (2019), p. 55, at Google Books
  9. ^ International Plant Names Index.  Baker.

External links[edit]