Allothereua maculata

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Allothereua maculata
Allothereua maculata cropped.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Chilopoda
Order: Scutigeromorpha
Family: Scutigeridae
Genus: Allothereua
Species: A. maculata
Binomial name
Allothereua maculata
(Newport, 1844)
Synonyms
  • Cermatia maculata Newport 1844
  • Scutigera maculata (Newport, 1844)
  • Allothereua australiana (Newport, 1845)
  • Allothereua latreillei (Newport, 1845)
  • Allothereua simplex (Haase, 1887)
  • Allothereua violacea (L. Koch, 1865)

Allothereua maculata is a species of centipede found in Australia known as the house centipede – a name applied elsewhere to other species.[1]

Description[edit]

The body of Allothereua maculata is made up of 15 segments and bears 15 pairs of long legs.[1][2] The body is pale brown with dark markings, and grows to 20–25 millimetres (0.8–1.0 in) long.[2][1] It bears one pair of antennae on the head and a similarly long pair of caudal appendages at the tail end.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Allothereua maculata is the most common scutigeromorph centipede across southern Australia,[3] occurring from Western Australia to Queensland.[4]

Ecology[edit]

Allothereua maculata lives in urban areas and woodland.[3] Its occurrence in houses indicates dampness and a lack of ventilation.[2] A. maculata is a predator of insects and other arthropods, but is generally considered harmless.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e George Gordh, Gordon Gordh & David Headrick (2003). "House centipede". A Dictionary of Entomology. CAB International. p. 454. ISBN 978-0-85199-655-4. 
  2. ^ a b c John Gerozisis & Ion Staunton (2009). "Spiders, mites, ticks and related arthropods". Urban Pest Management in Australia (5th ed.). University of New South Wales Press. pp. 208–229. ISBN 978-0-86840-894-1. 
  3. ^ a b "House centipede fact file". Wildlife of Sydney. Archived from the original on 30 September 2009. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "Species Allothereua maculata (Newport, 1844)". Australian Faunal Directory. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. 9 October 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2011.