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For the moth genus, see Alophia (moth).
Alophia drummondii.jpg
Alophia drummondii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Iridaceae
Genus: Alophia
Type species
Alophia drummondii
(Graham) Herbert

Alophia is a small genus of perennial, herbaceous and bulbous plants in the iris family (Iridaceae). The genus comprise five known species that occur from the South-central United States as well as in Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America.[2][3]

The genus is closely related to Herbertia, Cypella and Tigridia, differentiating from them by some characters of the stamen and the gynoecium. The genus name is derived from the Greek words a-, meaning "without", and lophos, meaning "crest".[4][5][6]

  1. Alophia drummondii (Graham) R.C.Foster, Contr. Gray Herb. 155: 34 (1945). South-central United States to Mexico, Guyana and Bolivia
  2. Alophia intermedia (Ravenna) Goldblatt, Brittonia 27: 384 (1975 publ. 1976). NW Mexico. (Sinaloa).
  3. Alophia medusa (Baker) Goldblatt, Brittonia 27: 384 (1975 publ. 1976). Brazil (Goiás)
  4. Alophia silvestris (Loes.) Goldblatt, Brittonia 27: 384 (1975 publ. 1976). Southern Mexico to Costa Rica
  5. Alophia veracruzana Goldblatt & T.M.Howard, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 79: 903 (1992). Mexico (Veracruz)


  1. ^ R. K. Brummitt. 1980. Propose to conserve Alophia over Eustylis. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta, 22. Taxon, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Aug., 1980), pp. 489-493
  2. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map
  4. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 232–33. ISBN 0-88192-897-6. 
  5. ^ Peter Goldblatt & Thad M. Howard. Notes on Alophia (Iridaceae) and a New Species, A. veracruzana, from Vera Cruz, Mexico. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 79, No. 4 (1992), pp. 901-905
  6. ^ Peter Goldblatt. 1975. Revision of the bulbous Iridaceae of North America. Brittonia 27: 373- 385.
  7. ^ Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. World Checklist of Monocotyledons: Alophia. Accessed April 16, 2009.

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