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(L. S. Berg, 1913)
It spawns in shallow waters (about 3 m) of the northeastern part of the Caspian Sea, in salinities of 8-10 ppt. It does not enter fresh water. Spawning takes place in temperatures of 18-20°C, from mid-May to end of June, and the young move southward relatively late in the autumn season.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Alosa sphaerocephala" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
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